World Press Freedom Day 2020 – May 3
The United Nations General Assembly declared May 3, 1993 as World Press Freedom Day, following a recommendation adopted in the twenty-sixth session of the 1991 UNESCO General Assembly.
It is an opportunity to inform citizens of violations of media freedom – publications are censored, fined, suspended and closed in dozens of countries around the world, while journalists, editors and publishers are harassed, attacked and detained Is taken in He was murdered.It is the date to promote and develop initiatives that support media freedom and assess the state of media freedom worldwide.It is a reminder of the necessity to honor their commitment to media freedom, and is additionally each day of reflection among media professionals on media freedom and professional ethics. World Press Freedom Day is a day of support for the media, which aims to curb or curb the freedom of media. It is also a memorable day for journalists who lost their lives by working.
WHAT IS FREEDOM OF PRESS?
The Reporters without Borders (RSF), published annually since 2002, is an important advocacy tool based on the principle of simulation between states. As everyone knows, its influence on governments is increasing.
The index covers 180 countries and regions, depending on the degree of freedom available to journalists. It is a snapshot of the state of media freedom based on the evaluation of pluralism, the freedom of media, the quality of the legislative framework, and the security of journalists in each country and region. Governments have a huge influence on their country’s ranking, but it does not rank public policies. It is not an indicator of the quality of journalism in every country or region.
PRESS FREEDOM MAP
The Press Freedom Map, distributed in both print and digital editions, provides a visual overview of where the index is located in each country and region. Color categories are defined as: good (white), good (yellow), problematic (orange), bad (red), very bad (black).
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
The fuel running this engine is information, so access to information is important. Freedom of information laws allowing access to public information is necessary, but the means of obtaining information can be through ICT or sharing of documents only.
In order to maximize the benefits available through our local resources, information can change the way we see the world around us, our position in it and how we organize our lives. Fact-based decision making can significantly change our political, social and economic outlook. Therefore, open and multidisciplinary media are probably the most valuable when it comes to giving the community a glimpse of themselves. These contemplative moments are important for defining community goals, and when the community or its leaders lose contact with each other or make amends, the course changes.
The right to information can be interpreted within a legal framework that applies to information held by public institutions, or in a broader sense, to the use and dissemination of information held by other actors, where it is linked to freedom of expression is.
Freedom of information and the transparency it promotes have a direct impact on tackling corruption, which has a clear impact on development. Former World Bank President James Wolfenson has often recognized government corruption as the primary barrier to development and the first tool for the fight against public corruption.
MEDIA FREEDOM AND GOVERNANCE
Ensuring independence is a top priority for media around the world. Free, independent and multidimensional media are young and old for good governance in democratic nations. Free media:
- Can ensure transparency, accountability and rule of law;
- Promote participation in public and political discourse, and
- Contribute to the fight against poverty.
An independent media sector draws its attention from the community they serve and instead makes that community a partner in the democratic process.
Freedom of information and freedom of expression are core principles of open and informed debate. New technology is evolving, helping citizens to be more adaptable to their media environments and accessing a multitude of resources. Access to information and citizens’ participation in media can increase the sense of ownership and empowerment.
WORLD PRESS FREEDOM DAY HISTORY
In December 1993, the United Nations General Assembly established the World Cup Independence Day as a result of a symposium promoting the free and plural African press. In 1991, the seminar in Namibia approved the Windhoek Declaration on the promotion of free and multiple media.
The Windhoek Declaration called for the establishment, maintenance and nurturing of an independent, pluralistic and independent medium. It emphasized the importance of an independent medium for the development, stability and economic development of democracy in a country. World Press Freedom Day is observed on 3 May, the date on which Windhoek declares its acceptance.
Although World Press Freedom Day has been celebrated since 1993, it has deep roots in the United Nations. Article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948: “Everyone has the proper to freedom of expression and expression; This right includes freedom to carry opinions and interfere with ideas, and to receive and receive information and concepts no matter limitations by any means.
The UNESCO / Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize is awarded annually since 1997 for defending or promoting the freedom of expression of an individual or organization, especially if it threatens a person’s life. The award goes to Colombian journalist Guillermo Cano, who was convicted in 1986 of murdering a drug baron.
WORLD PRESS FREEDOM DAY: CELEBRATIONS
- Many cultural events have been organized to determine the importance of media freedom.
- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) coordinates the initiatives of several countries, and often acts as a partner to promote freedom of expression.
- The UNESCO Award is given to deserving organizations, individuals or institutions who have made commendable contributions to promote and defend the freedom of media in any part of the world.
- In India, Press Freedom Day is celebrated to greet journalists who risked their lives for information or sometimes lost their lives on duty.
- Various government officials and ministers participate when organizing various events, such as art exhibitions; Honorary award to journalists who risked their lives in the duties of this day in India.
WHY WE CELEBRATE PRESS FREEDOM DAY
Journalists, media organizations, world leaders and news consumers alike gathered on social media on Friday to celebrate World Press Freedom Day and journalists who lost their lives in the line of duty.
Seven months ago, Jamal Khashogi stepped into the Saudi consulate in Istanbul for marriage proposals. CNN’s Jim Sueto wrote on Twitter, “He was brutally beaten and dismissed by Saudi agents who will never be seen again.” “We will continue to cover this story.”
Turkish authorities have reported that a Washington Post journalist, Khashogi, was tortured, tortured and beaten inside the Saudi consulate. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has denied involvement in the assassination.
Since 1992, 1,340 journalists have been killed worldwide. Hundreds of people have gone to jail.
The United Nations has declared World Press Freedom Day to honor journalists who have died in search of truth, and who have the power to do so.
The theme of this year’s World Press Freedom Day is “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections of Times of Information”, which focuses on the threat to journalism and democracy in the era of “fake news”.
If it is not truly free and independent, then the media cannot do its work, and if the media is not allowed to act, then democracy cannot be called democracy. Yet the press of 2019 is getting shock after a shock.
US President Donald Trump and his administration are constantly punishing the media, calling Trump “the enemy of the people” – and many Americans have expressed distrust of the media and media for their unfavorable climate. Only last year, US media outlets fired on a newsroom, pipe bombs mailed their offices, and an administration that banned White HS journalists.
World Press Freedom Day exists to remind those who remember why news is important.
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