Organ donation is the process of collecting a deceased donor’s organs, such as the heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas, and transplantation them into another person in need of an organ. World Organ Donation Day is observed every year on the 13th of August. This day aims to motivate normal human beings to pledge to donate organs after death and to spread awareness about the importance of organ donation.
Healthy organs and tissues are removed from one individual and transplanted into another. According to experts, one donor’s organs can save or benefit up to 50 individuals. You can donate a variety of organs. According to statistics, India does roughly 5000 kidney transplants, 1000 liver transplants, and 50 heart transplants every year. However, India’s current organ donation rate is quite low, at 0.86 per million, compared to 46.9 in Spain and 31.96 in the United States. If India achieves a donation rate of one per million, it will almost completely meet the current demand for organs.
Who is Eligible to Donate Organs?
Regardless of age, health, or race, everyone should consider themselves as potential organ and tissue donors. There is no such thing as a deceased donor who is too old or too young. Organ donors have included newborns and even senior adults in their 90s, as the health of the organ is more important than age.
Even those who are sick would be able to give organs or tissues after they die, with specialists examining the organs to see if they are appropriate for donation. However, some illnesses, including current malignancy or systemic infection, may completely prevent a person from being a donor.
Organ donation, transplant surgery, and the need for donors have all come to a halt as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic. The cost of coronavirus sickness is enormous, and it has harmed critically ill people in need of organ transplants. To prevent the spread of COVID-19, the organ transplantation program was temporarily halted during the lockdown.
The majority of organ and tissue donations take place after the donor has passed away. Some organs and tissues, on the other hand, can be donated while the donor is still living. Organ donation is possible for people of all ages and backgrounds. If you are under the age of 18, your parent or guardian must consent to you becoming a donor. If you are 18 or older, you can sign a donor card to show that you desire to be a donor. It’s a good idea to inform your family.
The procedure of physically taking an organ or tissue from one person (the organ donor) and implanting it into another person is known as organ donation (the recipient). The recipient’s organ has failed or been damaged by disease or injury, necessitating transplantation.
One of the most significant advancements in modern medicine is organ transplantation. Unfortunately, the demand for organ donors outnumbers the number of people willing to donate. Every day, 21 people across the world die while waiting for an organ transplant, and more than 107,380 men, women, and children are waiting for life-saving organ transplants.
People of all ages should think about becoming donors. When a person dies, their medical history and age are used to determine whether they are a suitable donor. Medical appropriateness for donation is determined by the organ procurement organization.
Individuals who want to donate organs should follow the steps below:
You could sign up for a donor registry.
A registry is more than just a way to indicate your desire to become a donor.
It’s a way to offer legal permission for the donation of organs, tissue, and eyes.
Tell your family and friends that you’d like to be a donor.
You should also inform your family’s healthcare physician, lawyer, and religious leader about your want to donate.
Organ, tissue, and eye donation are free of charge to the donor’s family and the family is still responsible for performing the last rites of an individual.
Living donations, such as the donation of one healthy kidney or a slice of a healthy liver from one living person to another, are handled through individual transplant facilities based on their own criteria.
The interests and well-being of the potential living donor will be represented by an independent donor advocate and a dedicated living donor multi-disciplinary team.
The Transplantation of Human Organs Act covers organ donation for therapeutic purposes (THOA 1994). The Anatomy Act of 1984 covers whole body donation. Organ and tissue donation is described as the act of providing life to others after death by donating one’s organs to those in need who are nearing the end of their lives.
The act of donating one’s body after death for medical study and education is known as body donation. Anatomists and medical educators continue to use the donated cadavers as a primary teaching tool when teaching gross anatomy.