WORLD MALARIA DAY 2020 – April 25
World Malaria Day (WMD) is an international festival celebrated every year on April 25, which recognizes global efforts to control malaria. 106 countries are at risk of malaria. In 2012, there were 42,000,000 deaths due to malaria. Most of them are African children. It affects Asia, Latin America and, to a lesser extent, the Middle East and parts of Europe.
World Malaria Day has emerged in the African continent by efforts to coincide with African Malaria Day. WMD is currently one of eight official global public health campaigns by the World Health Organization, along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunity Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day and World AIDS Day.
It is one of the causes of death worldwide. In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that globally 438,000 deaths were caused by malaria that year – 340,000 of which were children under 5 years old.
This echoes the World Health Organization (WHO) mission to eradicate malaria, and we support it in our work abroad. World Malaria Day was developed in 2008 from the first African Malaria Day. This is basically a phenomenon that has been practiced by African governments since 2001. He has worked towards the goal of controlling malaria in African countries and the goal of reducing mortality.
In the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2007 suggested that Africa should turn to Global Malaria Day to recognize the prevalence of malaria in countries around the world to combat malaria globally.
World Malaria Day enables new donors to participate in the Global Partnership against Malaria and to highlight scientific progress for research, educational institutions and the public.The day provides an opportunity for international partners, companies and foundations to showcase their efforts and demonstrate how they can work.
According to the World Health Organization’s latest report on malaria, there was no significant reduction in malaria cases between 2015 and 2017. This is up from 435,000 deaths due to malaria.
MALARIA DAY THEME – 2020
WHO joins the RBM Partnership for Malaria at the end of World Malaria Day in 2020, “Zero Malaria Began from Me”, a grassroots campaign aimed at keeping malaria high on the political agenda, mobilizing additional resources and communities Empower them to take ownership of malaria prevention and Care.
We know that through the leadership and collective action of the country, we can reduce the suffering and deaths of malaria. Between 2000 and 2014, the number of malaria-related deaths worldwide decreased by 40%, from 743 000 to 446 000.
But in recent years, progress has slowed. According to the World Health Organization’s World Malaria Report 2019, there has been no global benefit in reducing new infections between 2014 and 2018. Also, in 2018, almost all people died of malaria.
Immediate action is needed to get back on track, and the challenge is owned by malaria-affected countries. The “Zero Malaria” campaign includes all members of society: political leaders who control the government’s policy decisions and budgets; Private sector companies benefiting from the malaria-free workforce; In communities affected by malaria, the purchase and ownership of malaria control interventions is critical to success.
Now in order to prevent or control Malaria, we must be aware about it and its related consequences. So, let’s focus on to know more about Malaria as:
- What is Malaria,
- What causes Malaria,
- What are the symptoms of Malaria,
- Prevention of Malaria
WHAT IS MALARIA?
Malaria is a deadly disease. It is usually spread by infected Anopheles mosquito bites. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When these mosquitoes bite you, the parasites escape into your bloodstream.
Once the parasites enter your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature. After a few days, mature parasites enter the bloodstream and infect the red blood cells.
Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply and the infected cells explode.
Parasites continue to affect red blood cells, resulting in symptoms that last two to three days at a time.
Malaria is most commonly found in tropical and tropical climates where parasites can live. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Trusted Source, in 2016, 216 million malaria cases were reported in 91 countries.
In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports 1,700 cases of malaria every year. Most cases of malaria develop in people who travel to countries where malaria is high.
WHAT CAUSES MALARIA?
Plasmodium parasitic mosquitoes can bite you and cause malaria. There are four types of malaria parasites affecting humans: Plasmodium vivax and P. Owle, p. Malaria and P. Phalsiparam.
P. falciparum can cause a more severe form of the disease and increases the risk of death in people suffering from this type of malaria. The child can become infected if the mother is infected. This is known as congenital malaria.
It can also be transmitted through:
- Transplantation of an organ
- A blood transfusion
- Use of shared needles or syringes
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MALARIA?
Symptoms of malaria develop within 10 to 4 weeks after infection. Sometimes, symptoms may not develop for months. Some malarial parasites enter the body but remain dormant for a long time.
Common symptoms of malaria include:
- It can range from moderate to severe
- high fever
- Sweated a lot
- Stomach ache
- Muscle aches
- Heart attack
- A little break
- Bloody stool
CONSEQUENCES OF MALARAI
Malaria can cause many deadly complications. They can be the following:
- Cerebral vascular inflammation, or cerebral malaria
- Accumulation of fluid in the lungs can cause breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
- Kidney, liver or spleen organ failure
- Anemia following the destruction of red blood cells
- Low blood sugar
SOME FACTS ABOUT MALARIA
- Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. Parasites are transmitted to humans by the bite of female Anophelias mosquitoes known as ‘malaria vectors’. When mosquitoes bite, the parasites flow into the blood.
- There are many types of Plasmodium parasites, but did you know that only five types of Plasmodium can cause malaria in humans? They are Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, p. Ovale, Plasmodium malaria and Plasmodium nolusi.
- Plasmodium falciparum is the most common species in sub-Saharan Africa responsible for malaria death globally.
- Plasmodium vivax is the second most important species in Southeast Asia and Latin America.
- Together. Vivax and Plasmodium Oval may complain of a dysfunctional liver phase and may be corrected.
- Severe fever is malaria. The symptoms appear 10-15 days after the bite of the infected mosquito. Symptoms include fever, headache and colds in the early stages.
- Spraying insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor debris is the main method of preventing and reducing malaria transmission.
- Keep insects away from creams, lotions and sprays, and avoid mosquito bites. Also, wear protective clothing that covers the hands and feet.
- While malaria is preventable and wearable, in many places efforts have been made to significantly reduce the burden of malaria.
PREVENTATION OF MALARIA – 10 TIPS TOPS
1. Determine your risk level – Keep yourself informed of your destination and your risk of malaria. These are things to consider: the time of year you travel, the length of your stay, the activities you do, and where you live. The risk of infection varies greatly in any country. Successful malaria prevention depends on your knowledge – make sure you are aware of malaria risk areas before you leave.
2. Stay overnight in well-tested places – Avoid sleeping outside or in areas where mosquitoes prefer to live, e.g. Standing water (tires, lakes, waste). If you are sleeping in a tent, make sure there are no holes anywhere and close the door at all times. These can be very basic rules, but they can increase the success of your malaria prevention effort.
3. Always use bed-net with pesticides – Check that the net is not damaged, and make sure it is always underneath your mattress. Additional nets should be attached to the windows and doors in the room. Turn on air conditioning as mosquitoes move away from cold and air-conditioned rooms.
4. Use mosquito repellents – Use parathyroid-containing insect spray in all residential areas and sleeping areas, especially in the evening and night time.
5. Go for the long sleeve – Wear long sleeves and shirts in the evening and at night. The less the open skin, the better, also you can treat your clothes with permethrin to increase your safety.
6. Getting rid of insects again – Insect creams or lotions should be applied to the rest of the skin, especially in the evening and at night. It is recommended to apply repellant during the day as well. Unbeknownst to you, a particular mosquito may decide to bite you in the daylight.
We recommend using repellent with DEEL at least 20% DEET concentration. 20% DEET covers approximately 1 to 3 hours and increases by approximately 6 hours to 30%. 50% DEET lasts approximately 12 hours.
7. Sunscreen comes first – Repellant comes second – If you are using sunscreen and repellant at the same time, you should first apply sunscreen and secondly get rid of insects.
Since sunscreen is not effective for DEET, at least 30 to 50 SPF sunscreen is recommended.
You still need to use repellant at night, but you don’t need sunscreen from morning to evening.
8. Check the risk of malaria – Take an ant malarial (if necessary) – Depending on the overall malaria risk of the destination, it is necessary to take malaria chemoprophylaxis (anti-malarial medication) daily or weekly to prevent malaria. Contact a travel clinic, health care provider or an online physician service like us before you leave to discuss your specific prevention needs.
Depending on the medication you are using, you may need to start taking the medication for up to two weeks before entering the risk zone. In areas of intermediate risk, it may be sufficient to take a treatment course with you as a stand-by drug. If you experience symptoms like influenza during your journey, you may start taking medication.
9. Follow your recipe carefully – If you need ant malarial medication, don’t forget to take it every day during your trip (or as advised) and stop taking it immediately after you return. Depending on the medication, it can continue for up to 4 weeks after the malaria is over.
10. Stay on the safe side – If you experience influenza-like symptoms within 1 year after returning, always consult your doctor and talk about your areas. If malaria is usually present within one or two weeks, the symptoms usually occur, but it can take a long time (up to a year) for the outbreak of the disease. Even if you do everything right, there is always a small risk of malaria.
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