World Food Safety Day 2020 – June 7 – Food Security & Sustainable Development Goals
Health is called wealth. If food is not safe, how can it be healthy? Such safe food and safe health are two faces of the same coin. To ensure safe food for every consumer, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has decided to celebrate June 7 as the World Food Safety Day for the first time with a focus on helping to prevent, detect and control food security, human health, economic prosperity, agriculture, market access and contribution to tourism.
Following the success of its first celebration in 2019, the World Food Safety Day (WFSD) reinforced the call this year under the umbrella of “Food Security in the Future” to strengthen its commitment to promoting food security at the Addis Ababa Conference and the Geneva Forum. The World Health Organization is pleased to facilitate the efforts of Member States to celebrate World Safety Day with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
On the theme of “food security, everyone’s business,” the action-based campaign will promote global food security awareness and urge countries and decision-makers, the private sector, civil society, UN organizations, and the public to take action.
Food security is a shared responsibility between governments, manufacturers, and consumers. From farm to table, everyone has a share in keeping the food we eat safe, which does not harm our health. Through World Food Safety Day, the World Health Organization is pursuing efforts to make food security mainstream and to reduce the burden of foodborne illnesses globally.
World Food Safety Day is celebrated in December 2018 by the United Nations General Assembly in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization. The aim of the day is to raise awareness about the importance of maintaining a safe diet and reduce the burden of deaths due to food-borne diseases.
Many people, especially women and children suffer from unsafe or poor quality food. Therefore, it is important to educate people not only about the importance of eating good quality food, but also to recognize it and maintain safe food quality.
According to the World Health Organization, providing adequate, safe, and nutritious food is important for sustaining life and promoting good health.
It is estimated that there are 600 million food-borne diseases a year – 1 in 10 people in the world are infected with contaminated food – and is a growing threat to human health.
What is Food Security?
Food security is a safe and acceptable level of lack of food or harm to the health of consumers. Food hazards are of a chemical or physical nature and are often invisible to the eyes.
Examples include viruses, bacteria or pesticide residues, and microbiological factors.
Why Food Security?
Food security is everyone’s business. Everyone has the right to a safe, nutritious, and adequate diet. Even today, one in every 10 people in the world is sick by eating contaminated food. It is estimated that foodborne illnesses cause 420 000 deaths annually, and 125 000 children under five – the most affected people in Africa and Southeast Asia every year.
Safe food is the key to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. When food is unsafe, it adversely affects our food safety and nutrition, health, child development, and the ability of adults to live productive lives. Food security has a significant impact on business and the economy. The food trade represents 10% of total international trade. Recent data suggest that unsafe food costs are low, with productivity in the middle-income economy at the US $ 95 billion per year.
Why is food safety necessary?
In the world, 600 million people are infected and 420,000 people die every year from eating food contaminated with viruses, bacteria, parasites or chemicals.
Unsafe eating hampers growth in many low- and middle-income economies, resulting in a loss of US $ 95 billion in productivity associated with disability, disease and premature death of workers.
Therefore, as explained above, readers should understand why it is celebrated when “World Food Day” is celebrated.
Food Security and Sustainable Development Goals
Food security is critical to achieving many sustainable development goals, and World Food Safety Day helps to make it in the headlines, thereby preventing the risks posed by food. Safe food promotes economic prosperity, agriculture, market access, tourism, and sustainable development.
Goal 2 – Food security without food security. Stop hunger All year-round, safe, nutritious, and adequate food is available to all people.
Goal 3 – Food security directly affects people’s health and nutrition. Foodborne illnesses can be prevented.
Goal 12 – As countries strengthen their regulatory, scientific, and technical capabilities to ensure food security and the quality expected in the food chain, they move towards more sustainable methods of food production and consumption.
Goal 17 – Global food exports currently exceed US $ 1.6 trillion, and complex food systems require international cooperation in all areas to ensure food security. Food security is a shared responsibility between governments, food industries, producers, and consumers.
Historical Scene of World Food Safety Day
Although food-borne diseases are increasing every year, the reality is that people have been suffering from food-borne diseases right from the beginning.
Although food-borne diseases are increasing every year, the reality is that people have been suffering from food-borne diseases right from the beginning. In fact, many food preparation methods such as cooking, pickles, canning, and fermentation were born with the motivation to reduce food-borne diseases. The enhanced capabilities of modern food safety systems to detect and withdraw pathogens will only increase our awareness and function to reduce food safety emergencies.
Historical accounts of foodborne illnesses date back to ancient times, 323 BCE 323 is the first suggestion of a known foodborne disease. According to doctors at the University of Maryland, who studied the historical accounts of the symptoms and deaths of Alexander the Great, it is believed that the ancient rulers died of typhoid, possibly Salmonella typhi.
Food safety over time
Even though the science that benefits us today did not exist hundreds of years ago, people have long been concerned about the quality and safety of food. The first English food law – The Essays of Bread – was promulgated by King John of England in 1202, and prohibited the inclusion of bread with ingredients such as peas or beans. American colonists repealed the Asylum of Bread Regulations in 1646 and later passed the Massachusetts Act 1785 against the sale of unhealthy provinces, making it the first American food safety law.
The United Nations has developed supplementary guidance that outlines the steps required for food security and how to achieve it. Here are five key points:
Governments must ensure safe and nutritious food for all: Governments must ensure safe and nutritious food for their citizens. Policymakers should promote more sustainable solutions in areas such as agriculture and the food system. Food security personnel must manage the food security of the entire food chain
Agricultural and food producers need to adopt good practices: Governments should encourage farmers to switch to more sustainable farming practices and reduce the use of chemicals within the agricultural system. In addition, they should also avoid taking chemicals from the industry to the farm. Chemicals can cause reproductive and developmental problems that can damage the immune system and cause cancer.
Business operators must ensure that food is safe: all stakeholders associated with food must ensure certified hygiene practices such as risk analysis, critical control points, and good production practices. By following such methods, foodborne illnesses can be eliminated.
All consumers have the right to a safe, healthy, and nutritious diet: they must properly inform consumers about what they eat. This will help them make informed decisions and avoid complications caused by food allergies.
Food security is a shared responsibility: local governments, local financial institutions, United Nations, development agencies, trade associations, consumer, producer groups, education, research institutions, and private sector organizations must work together on those issues, both locally and globally; For example, the spread of anti-microbial resistant bacteria.
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Tag – Sustainable Development Goals, What is Food Security, Food Safety, Food Security