WORLD EARTH DAY 2020 – 22nd April


Every year on 22 April, Earth Day celebrates the birth anniversary of the modern environmental movement of the 1970s.

First celebrated in 1970, the Earth Day Network features globally coordinated events in over 193 countries.
On Earth Day 2016, the United States, China and 120 other countries signed the Paris Agreement. The signing of the agreement of 195 countries participating in the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 fulfilled a key requirement for the implementation of the historic draft Climate Protection Treaty.

At the UNESCO conference in San Francisco in 1969, peace activist John McConnell suggested a day in the northern hemisphere to celebrate March 21, 1970 as the first day of spring to honor the Earth and Peace concept. This day of nature was later given a written declaration by McConnell and permission signed by UN Secretary-General Yu Than. A month later, in the United States, Senator Gaylord Nelson established himself as an environmental educator on April 22, 1970. Nelson received a presidential medal in recognition of his work. This 22 April Earth Day is centered on the United States, which was founded in the 1920s by the original National Coordinator Dennis Hess, and was internationalized in 1909 with events in 171 countries.



Earth is our home. Scientists believe that the world and its moon were formed during the remainder of the system which was about 4.5 billion years ago. Earth is that the fifth largest planet within the system. Its diameter is about 8,000 miles. Earth is that the third closest planet to the Sun. the typical distance from the Sun is about 93 million miles. Mercury and Venus are only approximate.

Earth is named “Goldilocks Planet”. Within the story “Goldilocks and therefore the Three Bears”, the small girl named Goldilocks liked everything. His bed can’t be very hard or soft. On earth, everything is ok for all times. It is hot, but not too hot. There’s water in it, but there’s not much water.

Earth is that the only planet that features a great deal of liquid water. Liquid water is important for all times. Earth is that the only planet where life exists.

From the outer space, the Earth looks like a white marble and blue marble of gray, yellow, green and white color. Blue water is water that covers 71% of the Earth’s surface. White whirlpools are clouds. The land is brown, yellow and green. The white areas are snow and ice.
The equator is an imaginary circle that divides the Earth into two parts. The northern half is called the Northern Hemisphere. The southern half is called the Southern Hemisphere. The north pole of the Earth is called the North Pole.



Man knows that the Earth has been spherical for more than two thousand years! The ancient Greeks measured the shadow of heat and measured the circumference of the Earth. He used the position of stars and constellations to estimate the distance to the Earth. During the lunar eclipse, they could also see the circular shadow of the planet on the moon. (We can still see it during the eclipse.)

Today, scientists use geometry, which is the science of measuring the size, gravity, and rotation of the Earth. Geodesy provides accurate measurements indicating that the Earth is spherical. Using GPS and other satellites, scientists can measure the size and shape of the Earth within a centimeter. Images of outer space show that the Earth is spherical like the Moon.

Although our planet is a sphere, it is not an ideal sphere. The north and south poles are slightly flattened due to the force generated by the Earth’s rotation. The rotation of the Earth, the speed of motion, and other forces make the shape of the planet very slow, but it is still spherical.



The Earth revolves around the Sun every 365 days or once a year. Its orbit size is not a full circle. It is like an ellipse, which the distance of the Sun from the Earth varies from year to year. The Earth is closest to the Sun, or “Perihelion” in January, 91 million miles away. The Earth is far from the Sun, or “Aphelion”, which is about 95 million miles away in July.

At the equator, the Earth rotates faster than 1,000 mph. Every 24 hours, the Earth produces a full spin around its axis. The axis is an imaginary line that passes through the center of the planet from the North Pole to the South Pole. Instead of going straight up and down, the Earth’s axis is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees.
As we prepare to celebrate 50 years of Earth Day in 2020, let’s take a look at the last half century of mobilizing for action:



Earth Day 1970 has given voice to a growing public perception of the state of our planet –
In the decades since the first Earth Day, Americans have been using a large amount of lead gas in heavy and unskilled vehicles. The industry quit smoking and mud, fearing the consequences of the law or the bad press. Atmospheric pollution is generally recognized as the odor of prosperity. Up until this point, mainstream America has had a large number of environmental concerns and a polluting environment threatening human health.
However, with the publication of Rachel Carson’s New York Times bestseller Silent Spring in 1962, it set the stage for change. The book, which has sold more than 500,000 copies in 24 countries, represents a waterless moment, as it has raised public awareness and concern for living things. The integral relationship between environment, pollution and public health

The Earth Day of 1970 will be the voice of this emerging environmental consciousness, with the environmental concerns of the anti-war movement on the front page.
Gaylord Nelson, the founder of Earth Day, thought of focusing on the environment with the idea of ​​National Day, after 1969 a US senator from Wisconsin Nelson saw a massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California. Senator Nelson understood that if the student’s motivation could increase the energy of the anti-war movement, with the growing public awareness of the anti-war movement, air and water pollution, it would bind environmental protection on the national political agenda.

Senator Nelson announced the idea of ​​”teaching the national environment” to the national media. He persuaded Republican congressman Pete McCloskey with protectionist-mindedness to serve as its co-chair and appointed 25-year-old Harvard-based Dennis Hayes as national coordinator. Hess has created a national staff of 85 members to promote programs across the country.

22 April was chosen as the fall date between spring break and the final exam.
On 22 April, 1970, 20 million Americans – at the time, 10% of America’s total population – demonstrated a healthy and sustainable environment in large-scale rallies in auditoriums ranging from streets to parks. Thousands of colleges and universities have protested against the destruction of the environment.

Groups fighting individually against oil spills, pollution factories, plants, power plants, raw sewage, toxic wastes, pesticides, freeways, desert damage, and wildlife extinction, revolve around these common values. Earth Day 1970 was a rare political alignment, gaining the support of Republicans, Democrats, rich and poor, urban dwellers and farmers, business and labor leaders. In the late 1970s, the first Earth Day resulted in the creation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the implementation of fresh air, fresh water, and endangered species.

1990: Earth Day goes global
In the 1990s, a group of environmental leaders approached Dennis Hayes to conduct another major expedition to the planet. This year Earth Day brings more than 200 million people from 141 countries globally on environmental issues. The Earth Day of 1990 inspired renewable efforts around the world, leading to the 1992 United Nations Earth Conference in Rio de Janeiro. It also prompted President Bill Clinton to award the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Senator Nelson, the highest honor given to the American Commonwealth as the founder of Earth Day.



Today, Earth Day is widely recognized as the world’s largest secular observance, marked by more than a billion people each year, and a day of action to change human behavior and change policy is believed.
As the pitfalls of climate change become more apparent on a daily basis, the fight for a cleaner environment is imperative.

As awareness of our climate crisis increases, so does a civilized society, which is still beating the world today. World citizens who are frustrated with low-level ambitions and international environmental slogans following the ratification of the Paris Agreement in 2015 are demanding greater action for our planet and its people.
The social and cultural environment that we saw in the 19th century is re-emerging today – a new and frustrated youth refuses to compromise for crimes, and instead millions of people demand new avenues on the streets we do. Digital and social media bring these conversations, protests, strikes and mobilization to a global audience, an unprecedented citizenship and the greatest challenge humanity has to face to bring generations together.

By tapping into some of the first Earth Day studies, results, and legacies, we are able to build a movement towards the 50th anniversary of moving forward through the energy, enthusiasm and coordination of youth climate strikes. EDN and Earth Day – all empowered individuals with the need to influence and change information, tools, messages, and communities

2020 is the 50th anniversary of Earth Day. In honor of this milestone, the Earth Day Network sets goals to shape the future of 21st century environmentalism.


Decade when pollution reached its highest level

With a resolution adopted in 2009, the General Assembly declared the International Motherland on 22 April.
In fact, the original roots go back to the 1970s with the first American protest against air pollution due to the amount of gas in large and inefficient automobiles and irresponsible industries. Environmental protection was not a priority of the political agenda.
Two years later, at the United Nations Human Environment Conference in Stockholm in 1972, the global environmental awareness program was launched on 5 June to discuss the interdependence between people, other species, and our planet. program.

Environmental awareness has increased, particularly in the eighties, when more than 140 countries participated in the initiative through various environmental platforms.
Since then, all efforts to protect the environment have experienced significant growth: the Earth Summit of 2002 in Johannesburg; 2008 was declared the International Year of Planet Earth; Declaration of the United Nations Mother Earth, joining other platforms in its Earth Day celebrations; Rio + 20 – a centralized political outcome document that includes clear and practical steps to implement sustainable development – has focused on the recent Climate Agreement Summit 2019 and the achievement of the Paris Agreement on COP25.


Celebrate this 50th Earth Day to honor our Mother Earth and let’s pledge to Handle it with care from now onwards…….

Happy Earth Day!


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April 21, 2020

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