World AIDS Day 2020 : History, Objectives, and Symptoms of AIDS
World AIDS Day is celebrated on December 1 every year to raise awareness about AIDS / HIV and to raise awareness globally. People from all over the world come together to show support for people living with HIV and to remember those who died of AIDS.
This Day focuses on a specific theme, which this year will be one of global solidarity and shared responsibility. This year’s theme joins the growing list of challenges that World AIDS Day has brought for people globally.
AIDS is a chronic disease caused by the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) virus. The disease weakens the immune system and makes people vulnerable to infections and diseases.
Do you know where HIV is in the body? It is found in all cells of the body, but the body fluids of an infected person are circulated through blood, semen, and breast milk. It mainly attacks T cells in the immune system. HIV is transmitted through sexual contact, blood circulation, and prenatal transmission. Symptoms may include fever, joint pain, muscle pain, sore throat, fatigue, weakness, and nausea, and/or vomiting.
AIDS is for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome” or “acquired immune deficiency syndrome”, a condition that harms the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) immune system.
The history of World AIDS Day is 1987. James W., two public information officers of the Global Program on AIDS. The day was created by Ban and Thomas Netter. These officers belong to the World Health Organization, AIDS James W. Ban and Thomas Netter proposed World AIDS Day to Jonathan Mann, the Global Program Director for AIDS. Subsequently, he recommended the commencement of World AIDS Day on 1 December 1988. The United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS, United for short, was established in 1996, followed by World AIDS Day. A major change in the organization of World AIDS Day is the design of various disciplines.
The main goal of celebrating World AIDS Day every year is to strengthen health systems and formulate new and effective policies and programs. In addition, the capacity of the health sector is to increase the risk of HIV or AIDS.
1. Lead member states to increase control measures to prevent HIV or AIDS globally.
2. Increase awareness among people about anti-retroviral drugs which can help in fighting HIV infection.
3. To provide technical assistance to the Member States for implementing programs such as prevention, treatment of HIV or AIDS, testing, counseling, and anti-retrieving therapy.
4. Encourage students from schools and colleges to contribute to the AIDS campaign.
5. Reduce the number of patients living with HIV or AIDS.
What is AIDS?
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a chronic, life-threatening disease caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It destroys the human immune system and the body’s ability to fight disease.
We can tell you that HIV is a sexually transmitted disease (STI).
How does it spread?
1. During pregnancy, there is contact with infected blood from mother to child.
2. During childbirth or breastfeeding.
Until now, there is no cure for HIV / AIDS, but drugs can slow the progression of the disease.
About the immune system in our body
The count of CD4 cells can determine how strong the body’s immune system is. In healthy humans, the number of CD4 cells ranges from 500 to 1600 per cubic millimeter. In an AIDS patient, the number of these cells decreases below 500 per cubic millimeter, so infection in the human body is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa.
Symptoms of AIDS / HIV depend on the stage of infection.
In primary infection (acute HIV), people develop an influenza-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body. This will last for a few weeks.
4. Muscle aches and joint pains
5. Sore throat
6. Inflammation of the lymph nodes, mainly in the neck.
Note: These symptoms are very mild and usually not noticed by a person. However, the level of the virus in the bloodstream is high and the infection can easily spread from the primary infection to the next stage.
Chronic HIV is a clinically latent infection
There are no specific signs or symptoms. But in some people, there is a persistent inflammation of the lymph nodes. HIV resides in the body and in white blood cells. If you do not receive antiviral therapy, the virus usually lasts for about 10 years. However, the virus can persist for decades after this treatment. Some people may soon develop a more serious illness.
About symptomatic HIV infection
The virus multiplies in the body and destroys the immune cells. Signs and symptoms include:
3. Swollen lymph nodes
5. Weight loss
6. Oral yeast infection
7. Herpes zoster or ringworm
Therefore, there is no cure for AIDS, but some medications can reduce it. You need to know where and how AIDS originated over time. World AIDS Day is observed on December 1 every year to raise awareness about AIDS / HIV.
The simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS, and people living with these conditions. The logo was introduced in 1991 by the Caucasus, a visual aid artist. Individuals in this group want to remain anonymous, retain image copyright, and create a symbol to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS. The red ribbon was originally worn as a badge, but now it is used in a variety of ways.
The term “UNAIDS” has been included in the United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS, the symbol of the UNIDS. The letters “U” and “N” are in black and the rest in red. The UN symbol has a red ribbon on the left side of the word ‘UNAIDS’. The symbol is shown in black and has a projection of a sphere centered on the North Pole surrounded by olive branches.
The World AIDS Campaign logo includes a drawing of a red ribbon and the words “World AIDS Campaign”. The ribbon edges blend into the green, blue, purple, and orange colors.
What people do?
World AIDS Day is the focus of the World AIDS Campaign, which continues throughout the year. On December 1st, there are several health education campaigns promoting the day. Anti-discrimination activities started on or after this date.
World AIDS Day commemorates the death of many people from AIDS-related illnesses. An example is the AIDS Memorial Quilt Project, which allows friends and family of a deceased AIDS victim to build a quilt panel that will be on display throughout the United States.
So, we looked at what AIDS / HIV infection is. How it affects human life, the purpose of celebrating World AIDS Day, or why it is celebrated every year.
Takshila learning supports the initiative to fight against this disease and work towards education and awareness of individuals so that they do not get it. On this day we would like to extend our full-fledged supporting voice to people for helping them use methods and ways in which they can keep themselves away from AIDS.
Join us in our noble work for leading a healthy and fruitful life.
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Tags – What is AIDS? / The goal of AIDS / Symptoms of AIDS / History of World AIDS Day / Symbols of HIV and AIDS
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