Why We Celebrate World Radio Day? History and Its Importance

World Radio Day
World Radio Day

World Radio Day – 13 February

On the occasion of World Radio Day 2021 (WRD 2021), UNESCO encourages radio stations to celebrate the 10th anniversary and more than 100 years of innovation.

This World Radio Day is divided into three main sub-themes:

i. Evolution -The world changes, radio evolves.

ii. Innovation -The world changes, radio adapts and innovates

iii. Connection- The world changes, radio connects

When is World Radio Day celebrated?

To celebrate radio as a mode of communication and medium of entertainment and information, World Radio Day is celebrated on February 13 every year. The theme of World Radio Day in the year 2020 was ‘Radio and Diversity’. The main objective for celebrating World Radio Day is to create awareness among the people and the media about the importance of radio and to enhance decision-makers to set-up and provide information access through radio; as well as to enhance international cooperation and networking among broadcasters.


Who invented the radio?

The functioning of radio is based on radio waves. The radio waves are produced when electricity flowing into the transmitter antenna makes electrons up and down the vibration of electrons. The science behind capturing radio waves was first demonstrated by Jagdish Chandra Bose and Guglielmo Marconi was the scientist who invented the radio transmitter during the 1890s.

Jagadish Chandra Bose was born in November 1858 passed away on November 23, 1937, at the age of 78. In November 1895, a public demonstration was presented by Jagadish Chandra Bose at Town Hall in Kolkata, where the electromagnetic wave was sent by him across 75 feet, passing through walls to remotely ring a bell and also to explode some gunpowder. He made major contributions to plant science by establishing the investigation of radio and microwave optics. Jagadish Chandra Bose is also known as the father of wireless telecommunication.

But Guglielmo Giovanni Maria Marconi was the scientist who invented the radio. He was an Italian scientist born on April 25, 1874, and died on July 20, 1937. Guglielmo Marconi was known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and honored as the inventor of the radio. In 1909, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun in recognition of their contributions in developing wireless telegraphy.


Why Radio is important?

Advances in technology have given people different ways to access an increasing amount of information. However, radio is still playing a vital role in today’s world.  Radio is much more than just announcers, news, and songs. Radio is about companionship and the emotional connection with listeners.

Radio broadcasts provide real-time information, and some that broadcast 24 hours a day, can provide the most recent information to listeners. Radio can reach across borders and can become an important source of information where reliable news is scarce.

Radio has proved its worth in times of emergency such as when access to the mobile network is down as a result of an overload, or phone lines are cut. Even when there is no electricity, most radio sets can be battery operated or have the ability to be hand-cranked.

Radio is not only important for the reception of emergency announcements and communications at the time of disasters. In small communities like Gibraltar, it provides an outlet for regular community messaging and activities such as local sports, special events, local business advertising, community events, etc.

More importantly, radio is easy to use, it’s live and it’s human. For more than 80 years, radio has survived and prospered as the easiest media to use. Wake up in the morning, have a shower, get in the car to go to work, turn on the radio.


The theme of World Radio Day

‘Radio and Diversity’ was the theme for World Radio Day in 2020. According to UNESCO, radio stations should aid diverse communities and a wide range of programs should be offered.

For World Radio Day 2020, UNESCO has announced on radio stations for upholding the diversity, both on the airwaves and inside their newsroom.

According to UNESCO, the theme of World Radio Day has been divided into three main categories.

Diversity on the airwaves: Radio stations can deliver a variety of shows and programs ranging from reportages and documentaries to talk shows and podcasts. Within the programs themselves, there can be diversity in terms of language, music and mood can be found within programmes themselves, representing the diversity of humanity.

Diversity in the radio landscape: The creation of policy environments that can contribute to accountability and diversity of media ownership is the cornerstone of a pluralist, inclusive and democratic radio sector.

Diversity in the newsroom: Radio stations could put together multi-cultural teams that provide different viewpoints on problems through equal employment and fair treatment policies.

It’s an opportunity to draw attention to the unique importance of radio, which remains the medium to reach the large audience and is currently taking up new technological forms and devices.

UNESCO invites all countries to celebrate this Day by conducting activities with various stakeholders, such as national, regional, and foreign broadcasting associations and organizations, non-governmental organizations, media organizations, media channels, and the general public.

Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar has expressed his best wishes to people on World Radio Day. In his tweet, he said, Radio has become an integral part of life and now Radio can listen on the phone also. Mr. Javadekar said Radio is the only support for the people of remote villages, farm,s or forests. He also said Radio ‘Mann Ki Baat’ program on last Sunday of every month has also raised the popularity of Radio. The Minister added that Radio has broadcast good music and many informative programs.


History of World Radio Day

During the 36th session of UNESCO’s General Conference in 2011, announced February 13 as World Radio Day. Director-General of UNESCO proposed this day because it coincides with the anniversary of the United Nations Radio. Also, on February 13, 1946, the UN’s international broadcasting service was established.

During its 67th Session, a resolution was adopted by the UN General Assembly on January 14, 2013, the United Nations General Assembly formally endorsed UNESCO’s proclamation February 13 as World Radio Day.


World Radio Day Celebrations in 2021

On the occasion of World Radio Day 2021 (WRD 2021), UNESCO calls on radio stations to celebrate this event’s 10th anniversary and the more than 110 years of radio.

This edition of WRD has been divided into three main sub-themes:

EVOLUTION. The world changes, radio evolves. This sub-theme refers to the resilience of the radio, to its sustainability;

INNOVATION. The world changes, radio adapts and innovates. Radio has had to adapt to new technologies to remain the go-to medium of mobility, accessible everywhere and to everyone;

CONNECTION. The world changes, radio connects. This sub-theme highlights radio’s services to our society—natural disasters, socio-economic crises, epidemics, etc.

Check another article on Days and Festivals

Takshila learning celebrates World Radio Day by making people aware of the significant aspects of radio and to add to the suitability of the decision-makers to be able to arrange and provide the information access through radio. The media and the people of the nation should understand the relevance of Radio and revere the services along with Talshila Learning.

Takshila Learning celebrates an important medium of communication and information on this World Radio Day


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February 1, 2021

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