Why is December 2 marked as a National Pollution Prevention Day?

National Pollution or Control prevention Day


National Pollution Control/prevention Day is observed on 2 December. This day is to raise awareness about the problem caused by pollution. No doubt. Pollution is a big problem facing the whole world these days. It is necessary to take some action and deal with it.

Pollution is an issue not only in India but the entire world, mainly environmental pollution. Pollution can be spread in any form like solid, liquid, gaseous, or any energy such as heat or environmental sound.

National Pollution Control Day is observed on 2 December every year in memory of the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy in the year 1984.

There are many factors that can cause pollution such as the bursting of firecrackers, emission from road vehicles, bomb explosions, and gas leaks from industries. Now the problem of pollution is increasing day by day and it is the duty of the government and people to reduce the level of pollution. We need to make plans to control pollution.

Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was due to a leak at Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh on the night of 2-3 December 1984, and more than 5 lakh people were affected by methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas. This is because toxins entered the homes of residents inside and outside the plant. The Madhya Pradesh government had confirmed 3,787 deaths due to the gas leak.


The main objective of National Pollution Prevention Day is to create awareness on the management and control of industrial disasters and to prevent pollution caused by industrial processes or human negligence. National Pollution Prevention Day makes people and industries aware of the importance of pollution control activities.

Its main objective is to make people aware of various polluting industries like water, air, soil, and noise, spread awareness, affect the environment, and clarify health. We should not forget that the poisonous gas leak in the Bhopal gas tragedy was the largest methyl isocyanate (MIC) disaster in the world so far. It is also important to educate people about pollution so that a better or cleaner environment can be created.

As in Delhi, the Indian government has enacted several laws to combat pollution. The number of vehicles plying on the road is decreasing and there is the due implementation of the check points. The Pollution Control Board (NPCB) regularly monitors whether industries comply with environmental regulations.

Why celebrate National Pollution Control Day?

The above given reasons are to control any industrial disaster and reduce pollution level. Governments around the world enacts various laws to control and prevent pollution.

Preventive measures by the Government of India

The Government of India has enacted various laws to control and prevent pollution in India.

  • Manufacture, storage, and import of dangerous chemical laws of 1989
  • Hazardous Waste (Management and Management) Rules, 1989
  • 1989 Rules, Production, Storage, Import, Export, and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms for Dangerous Microorganisms or Cells
  • National Environmental Tribunal Act 1995
  • Chemical Accident (Emergency, Planning, Preparation, Response) Rules 1996
  • Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998
  • 1999 Recycled Plastic Manufacturing and Use Rules
  • Ozone Reducing Substances (Regulation) 2000 Rules
  • Noise Pollution (Control and Regulation) Act of 2000
  • Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules 2001.
  • Maharashtra Bio-degradable Waste (Control) Ordinance 2006
  • 2006 Environmental Impact Assessment Notification

Different ways to reduce pollution

  • Pollution can be reduced through solid waste treatment and pollution.
  • Waste pollution through biochemical waste can reduce reuse.
  • Pollution can be reduced through electronic waste treatment.
  • Through a clean development system, pollution in urban areas can be reduced.

In India, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), established in September 1974, works for environmental protection and pollution control. It works to promote the sanitation of streams and wells in various states by preventing, controlling, and reducing water pollution. In addition, it works to improve air quality and prevents air pollution in the country.


According to the National Health Portal of India, 7 million people die from air pollution every year worldwide. It states that the situation is worse because nine out of ten people worldwide do not have access to safe air. Significantly, the air-contaminated elements pass through the protective barriers present in the body and can damage your lungs, brain, and heart. Air pollution is the cause of ozone depletion. This shows how disastrous air pollution is.

Other disasters

Other great tragedies in world history are:

  • The 1979 Three Mile Island disaster at the nuclear US nuclear power plant. The worst disaster in history occurred at a nuclear-producing station on Three Mile Island in Dupin County (near Harrisburg), Pennsylvania.
  • Another major disaster in history was the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine.
  • Another catastrophe after the Bhopal gas tragedy was the Omil gas leak at the Shriram Food and Fertilizers Limited Complex in Delhi.


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Here are some ways to reduce air pollution

Grow more plants

NASA has found that many houseplants, such as Pea Lily, English Ivy and Gerbera Daisy, help remove carbon monoxide from the air. If you use these natural air filters in your home or office, it will greatly reduce the amount of indoor air pollution and will help eliminate recurrent colds and respiratory problems.

Use public transportation

Try using public transport. Carpool and rideshare if you have the ability to do so instead of using your personal vehicle. In this way, you will not cause air pollution.

Use solar energy

Consider using solar energy instead of traditional electricity. Solar energy will save you a lot of energy, and most importantly, it will save you money in the long run.

Use natural gas instead of charcoal

Use a propane or natural gas grill and in this way, you do not put fossil fuels in the air, which can be incredibly harmful to the world around you.

Get energy efficient vehicles

You can also buy eco-friendly vehicles. There are many options currently available in the market for you which are gas efficient or hybrid. If you are planning a new car, then be energy efficient if you can.

Avoid plastic bags

Plastic bags are made from oil products, which destroy the environment because they always disintegrate. Therefore it is better to avoid the use of plastic bags.

Therefore, it is necessary to control pollution and it is not only the duty of the government to make the environment clean and disease free. A clean environment helps people to do their job well and live a happy life.

Save the Earth by Stopping Pollution…

Takshila Learning is an organization that strongly celebrates National pollution prevention day by following the norms that support a green environment and makes efforts to contribute towards creating a pollution-free environment. Takshila learning stands to save the mother earth from the harmful effects of the environment. We also follow a paper-free regime to work towards a green and clean atmosphere.

Go green with Tashila and keep your home and atmosphere free and clean.


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