Why Do We Celebrate Vijay Diwas? History and Facts

Vijay Diwas - 16 December
Why do we celebrate Vijay Diwas?

VIJAY DIWAS (16 December)

Victory Day is celebrated on 16 December every year to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971. India defeated Pakistan in this battle. The Indian Army brings Pakistani soldiers to their knees. Another fact is that Bangladesh was established on this day. Therefore, Bangladesh celebrates Independence Day on 16 December every year.

Victory Day is truly a day to remember our brave soldiers and the “Mukti Jodha’s” who sacrificed their lives for a great cause.

Nowadays, most people do not know the importance of the day, but it is a day on which every Indian can be proud.


On December 3, 1971, the Indian government decided that India would go to war with Pakistan to save Bengali Muslims and Hindus. The war between India and Pakistan lasted 13 days. With 93 thousand soldiers of the Pakistani army surrendered to India. It was one of the biggest wins against Pakistan.


1. On this day, 48 years ago in 1971, 13 days after the India-Pakistan war, India defeated Pakistan on 16 December.

2. Before 1971, Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan, which was known as ‘East Pakistan’.

3. People are believed to have been tortured, exploited, raped, and killed by the Pakistani military in the eastern tort ‘East Pakistan’.

4. India supports Bangladesh against the suppression of Pakistan in East Pakistan

5. There was intense dissatisfaction with General Ayub Khan, the military ruler of Pakistan in eastern East Pakistan.

6. On 3 December 1971, the Indian government ordered the Indian Army to declare war on Pakistan to save the people.

7. The fight was led by Field Marshal Manekshaw. About 1500 Indian soldiers were martyred in this war.

8. On 16 December 1971, 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered to the Indian Army Commander Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Arora in Dhaka.

9. Bangladesh emerged on the world map with India’s victory.

Some parts of Vijay Divas are as follows:

1. The 1971 war of independence for Bangladesh ended on 16 December.

2. Through this war, India freed Bangladesh’s independence from the clutches of the dictatorial Pakistani establishment.

3. Victory Day is important because, in just 13 days, the Indian Army including the Air Force, Paramilitary, Ground Force and Navy liberated Dhaka.

4. The war began politically in March 1971 and escalated into military intervention in December 1971.

5. Promotion of rape, atrocities, murders, and struggle of Pakistan against the Bengali people of East Pakistan.

6. General Teeka Khan earned the nickname Butcher of Bengal (formerly known as Pakistan) for the widespread genocide of the people of Bangladesh. He was also called the ‘Butcher of Balochistan’ to slaughter the Baloch people.

7. On December 3, 1971, a pre-emptive strike at 11 airports in northwest India, 480 km from the border, including Agra prompted India to respond appropriately.

8. Some 3, 00,000 Indian and Pakistani soldiers have sacrificed to end Pakistan’s genocide against the people of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

9. The Pakistani Army deployed in East Pakistan surrendered to the Indian Army on 16 December 1971. A ceasefire agreement was signed and the war led to the creation of Bangladesh.


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First of all, it is important to get the context right. The backdrop of the 1971 war was Pakistan’s political situation, which explicitly opposed the idea that Bengali Muslims in East Pakistan could surrender under the influence of chief Punjabi and Mohair.

Apart from the language, a rift was created by the sharing of resources between East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the father of Bangladesh’s current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed, had illegally denied his election victory in 1970. Zulfikar Bhutto, the anti-Indian foreign minister under Ayub Khan, was heavily influenced by Pakistan’s ruling army. The crisis spread on the streets of East Pakistan and became an irreversible phase in March 1971.

The situation was further aggravated when the Pakistani army launched a terrorist operation against the Bengalis and initially removed one million refugees who had crossed the border into India. . On the advice of Field Marshal (the then General) Sam Maneka, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi waited for the right time, prepared the country and the armed forces, developed international opinion and signed the Indo-Soviet Agreement. They showed friendship and cooperation before showing Pakistan a weapon inspired by India.

With the help of Mukti Bahini (National Guerrilla Army of Bengali Muslims), Pakistan suffered defeat in 14 days of conventional war, resulting in Bangladesh becoming an independent and independent nation. Under the Geneva Convention, 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war were taken into Indian hands. Within ninety days, the Indian Army withdrew from the occupied territory, the newly renamed Bangladesh.

Pakistan has consistently believed that India has never been defeated militarily. It is understood that Muktabai’s victory over India on the eastern plain was nothing short of remarkable in the West. The Indian public has to see it from the angle of the goals of the war. India’s goal is to create a new nation and overcome the threat of the former permanently.

Professional military advice in national security and especially in emerging situations is something that a political leader can only ignore the risk of the country. If the armed forces are to be liberated, they must always be at the maximum level of readiness, especially now, when a war on Indian ground can be launched due to public anger and pressure induced by major terrorist acts.

The country should appreciate as many armed forces on Victory Day as the people are behind what they are. However, it is also appropriate to do some self-examination on the state of preparation as well as celebration, if we ever face danger.


Must read – Essay on Our Pride Indian Army


1. A wreath was laid at the Fort William Victory Memorial, the headquarters of the Eastern Command in Kolkata, West Bengal, to mark the Day.

2. A 3-day program was held in Kolkata on 14–16 December.

3. Bangladesh Mukti Jodha’s and a group of Indian soldiers from Bangladesh participated in the ceremony.

4. Victory Day is a day to remember the brave soldiers and liberated Jodhpur who sacrificed their lives for a noble cause, and vowed to one day save our homeland from the onslaught of external enemies.

Must read – Kargil Vijay Divas


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December 15, 2020

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