What is first aid?
First Aid – Meaning
First aid is when you give medical care to someone who has suffered a sudden accident or sickness.
In certain situations, first aid refers to the initial assistance given to someone during a medical emergency. This assistance may help them live until experts come.
In other situations, first aid entails providing treatment to someone who has sustained a minor injury. For example, a first aid kit would include all things required to cure burns, wounds, and insect stings.
Basic steps for emergency
If you find yourself in an emergency scenario, you must follow the 3 C’s:
- Check the scene for danger
Look for any indicators of danger, such as fire, falling debris, or violent people. If your safety is at stake, leave the location and seek assistance.
Assess the condition of the sick or injured individuals if the scene is safe. Don’t move them unless it’s necessary to do so to keep them safe.
- Call for medical help if needed.
If you believe the ill or wounded individual needs immediate medical treatment, instruct a nearby person to dial the local emergency medical services at 102. Make the call yourself if you’re alone.
- Provide care
If it is safe to do so, stay with the sick or injured individual until expert aid comes. Wrap a warm blanket around them, soothe them, and attempt to keep them quiet. Try to address any potentially life-threatening injuries they have if you have basic first aid abilities.
Remove yourself from danger if you believe your safety is in jeopardy at any moment during the incident.
First Aid Kit Items
Local chemists have ready-made first aid kits which come in handy when an emergency occurs. Consider buying that, or you can make your own. It is crucial to have a first aid kit available in your house, car, and workplace.
A basic first aid kit should have:
- small, medium, and large sterile gauze dressings
- thermometer (digital, if possible)
- skin rash creams like calendula or hydrocortisone
- cream or spray for relieving insect bites and stings
- antiseptic cream
- crepe bandages (rolled)
- safety pins
- disposable sterile gloves
- at least two sterile eye dressings
- cleansing wipes (alcohol-free)
- sticky tape
- painkillers like paracetamol (or infant paracetamol), aspirin (not for children under 16), or ibuprofen
- distilled water to clean the wounds
- eye bath and eyewash
You can place a small guidebook instructing you how to handle a possible emergency.
Examine medicines frequently to ensure that they are still within their expiration date.
Imagine being in an emergency and feeling helpless just because you don’t know what to do.
Having first aid education would make you well-equipped with the basic knowledge required to face medical emergencies. The community becomes safer if more and more people know to handle such situations.
Having a first aid certification helps your family, friends, and co-workers, and sometimes the whole community since accidents and medical emergencies are bound to happen.
First aid procedures for frequent emergencies
For Small Cuts and Wounds:
- We must use water to clean that part
- Use an antibacterial lotion or cream to cleanse it
- Tie a bandage around it
- If pain is severe, contact an adult or doctor
- For mild burns, apply ice or cold water to the affected part.
- The burned area should be under flowing water for a short period.
- Never prick the blister that has formed as a result of a burn.
- If the burn is severe, get medical attention right once.
For Animal Bites:
- Animal bites can be caused by pets like dogs and cats, as well as by a snake.
- In the situation of an animal bite, thoroughly wash the affected area with soap and water, apply antiseptic cream, and should be covered with a clean bandage. The victim should be taken to a doctor as soon as possible. Check the patient for any vaccinations that may be required to avoid dangerous infections such as rabies.
- In case of bee bites and stings, apply a mixture of baking soda and antiseptic cream.
First aid is more than just basic knowledge. It is essentially a life skill that each person must know. So go up to your parents and ask where is your first aid kit.
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