What is Buddhism? Its Beliefs, Founder, and History

Posted on May 26th, 2021

What is Buddhism


What is Buddhism?

Buddhism is a religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama (“Buddha”) 2,500 years ago. With 470 million followers, scholars consider Buddhism to be an important world religion. Although its system is historically significant in East and Southeast Asia, its influence in the West continues to grow. Many Buddhist ideas and philosophies are associated with other religions.

Buddhism is a way of self-transformation to cultivate the virtues of practice such as meditation, awareness, kindness, and knowledge. The experience developed over thousands of years in the Buddhist tradition has created an incomparable resource for all who wish to follow a path – a path that eventually culminates in enlightenment or Buddhism. An enlightened person sees the nature of reality equally clear and lives fully and naturally according to that view. It is the goal of Buddhist spiritual life, and it represents the end of suffering for anyone who achieves it.

The basic principles of Buddhist teaching are straightforward and practical: nothing is permanent or permanent; Verbs have consequences; change is possible. Therefore, Buddhism addresses all people, regardless of race, nationality, race, gender, or sex. It teaches practical methods that enable people to change their experiences and take full responsibility for their lives and to recognize and make use of its teachings.


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What are the beliefs of Buddhism?

The followers of Buddhism do not follow any particular form or forms of God. Instead, they focus on attaining enlightenment – a state of inner peace and enlightenment. When the followers reach this spiritual stage, they are said to be experiencing Nirvana.

Buddha, the founder of the religion, is considered to be an extraordinary person, but not a God. The word Buddha means “enlightened”.

The path to enlightenment is achieved through morality, meditation and knowledge. Buddhists often believe that meditation helps to awaken the truth.

There are many philosophies and interpretations within Buddhism that make it a tolerant and developed religion.

Some scholars do not recognize Buddhism as an organized religion, but as a “way of life” or “spiritual tradition.”

The most important teachings of the Buddha for understanding religion are known as the Four Noble Truths.

Buddhists accept karma (law of cause and effect) and rebirth (the continuous cycle of rebirth).

Buddhists can worship in temples or at home.

Buddhist monks or nuns strictly adhere to the code of conduct as has been happening for years together.

There is no Buddhist symbol, but numerous paintings have been developed to represent Buddhist beliefs, including the lotus flower, the eight-spoke Dharma Chakra, the Bodhi tree, and the swastika (the ancient symbol “Kalyan” in Sanskrit). “Good luck”.


Who is the founder of Buddhism?

Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, later known as “Buddha”, lived in the 5th century BC.

Gautama was born a prince into a wealthy family in present-day Nepal. Although he had an easy and luxurious life, he was moved by the misery of the world.

He decided to give up his luxurious lifestyle and endure poverty. When this did not happen, he promoted the idea of ​​a “middle way”, that is, between two boundaries. Thus, he sought life without social joy or loss.

Six years after his discovery, Buddhists believe that Gautama attained enlightenment by meditating under a Bodhi tree. He devoted his entire life to teach others about achieving this spiritual state.


What is the history of Buddhism?

BCE When Gautama died in 483, his followers began to organize a religious movement. The teachings of the Buddha became the basis for the evolution of Buddhism.

In the 3rd century BC, the Mauryan emperor Ashoka the Great converted Buddhism to the religion of India. He built Buddhist monasteries and promoted missionary work.

The views and philosophies of Buddhists are so diverse that some followers interpret ideas differently than others.

In the sixth century, Hans invaded India and destroyed hundreds of Buddhist monasteries, but eventually expelled the invaders.

Bringing Buddhism to the background, Islam began to spread rapidly in the region during the Middle Ages.


What are the types of Buddhism?

Today, there are many forms of Buddhism around the world. There are three main types that represent specific geographical areas:

i. Theravada Buddhism: practiced in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos and Burma

ii. Mahayana Buddhism: practiced in China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore and Vietnam

iii. Tibetan Buddhism: practiced in Tibet, Nepal, Mongolia, Bhutan, Russia, and northern India

Each of these worships contain scriptures and interprets the teachings of Buddha a little differently. There are several subdivisions of Buddhism, including Zen Buddhism and Nirvana Buddhism.

Some forms of Buddhism include ideas from religions and philosophies such as Taoism and Bonn.


What is “Dharma” according to Buddhism?

The teachings of Buddhism are known as “Dharma“. He taught that knowledge, kindness, patience, compassion are important qualities in life.

In particular, all Buddhists follow moral principles which keeps them away from the following:

i. Killing or harming the creatures

ii. Snatching away others rights

iii. Physical abuse

iv. To lie

v. Using drugs or alcohol


What are the four noble truths?

These are the four great truths taught by the Buddha:

i. The truth of grief (dukkha)

ii. The truth of the cause of grief (samudaya)

iii. The truth of the end of grief (Nirhodha)

iv. The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (Magga)

Overall, these theories explain the causes of human suffering and how grief can be overcomed.


What is the Eight-fold path?

Buddha taught his followers that the end of suffering described in the Fourth Great Truth could be achieved by following the Eight-fold Path.

The Eight-fold Path of Buddhism teaches the following concepts for moral conduct and enlightenment for all the disciples:

i. The right mind (Samma ditthi)

ii. Right Thought (Samma sankappa)

iii. Correct speech (Samma vaca)

iv. Proper functioning (Samma kammanta)

v. Subsistence (Samma ajiva)

vi. Perfect effort (Samma vayama)

vii. The right mind (samma sati)

viii. Perfect Concentration (Samma Samadhi)


What is the Buddhist holy book called?

Buddhists revere many sacred texts and scriptures. The important ones are:

i. Tipitaka: Known as the “Three Baskets”, these texts are considered to be the earliest collections of Buddhist texts.

ii. Sutras: There are more than two thousand Sutras, the holy discourses adopted by the Mahayana Buddhists.

iii. The Book of the Dead: This Tibetan text describes in detail the stages of death.


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Who is Dalai Lama?                                    

The Dalai Lama is a prominent monk in Tibetan Buddhism. Religionists believe that the Dalai Lama is the reincarnation of a former lama who agreed to be born again to help humanity. There are 14 Dalai Lamas throughout history.

Dalai Lama also ruled Tibet until the Chinese took control in 1959. The current Dalai Lama, Lamo Thondap, was born in 1935.

Takshila learning celebrates this day of Budha Purnima by standing by the morals taught by Budha and following Dharma throughout all their lives. The mentors at Takshila learning guide and encourage the aspirants to adhere to these principles which can make them emerge out as righteous and balanced individual for life.

Celebrate the day of enlightenment with Takshila Learning


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