UNESCO : World Heritage Day

UNESCO World Heritage Sites World Heritage Day

UNESCO : World Heritage Day

World Heritage Day is celebrated on April 18 every year to raise awareness of human heritage, diversity and vulnerability, and to protect the world’s monuments and heritage sites.
World Heritage is the common property of mankind. Protecting and protecting this precious property requires the collective efforts of the international community. This special day provides an opportunity for the public to raise awareness about the diversity of cultural heritage and its efforts to preserve and protect it and to draw attention to its fragility.



Heritage is a full range of traditions, monuments, objects and culture that have been inherited. Most importantly, we come from them in terms of contemporary activities, meanings and behaviors.
Tradition includes, but not enough to preserve, dig, display or re-establish a collection of old things. It is explicit and invisible in the sense that thoughts and memories – songs, recipes, language, dances, many elements of who we are and how we identify ourselves – are as important as historical buildings and archaeological sites.

Legacy is the subject of lively public reflection, debate and debate. What is the value of savings? What do we, or should we, forget? What memories can we enjoy, regret or learn? Who owns the “past” and who has the right to speak for past generations? Active public discussion on material and invisible heritage – individuals, groups, communities and nations – is an invaluable aspect of public life in our multicultural world.

Heritage is a contemporary work with far-reaching effects. This can be a component of visionary urban and regional planning. It can be a platform for political recognition, a medium for dialogue, an instrument for moral reflection, and a possible basis for regional economic development. It is local, unique, global and shared together.
Legacy is an essential part of the present life we ​​live in – and we will build in the future.



So the first (and perhaps misleading) part of World Heritage Day is that a name is not actually a pseudonym. Known as World Heritage Day, it is actually called the International Day for Monuments and Sites, founded in 1982 by the Council of International Monuments and Sites, or IIMS. The organization was founded on the principles laid down in the Venetian Charter, or the International Charter of 1964 on the preservation and restoration of monuments and sites.

The organization was founded after the need to preserve these precious places, and saw the convergence of hundreds of experts from allied fields. This includes architects, engineers, geographers, civil engineers, artists and archaeologists. Each year, the world’s most beautiful sites and important cultural monuments help ensure that they are preserved for future generations.

It started out with over 10,000 members in more than 150 countries around the world. More than 400 of these 400 are members of institutions, national committees and international scientific committees, working together to protect all important sites and identify new ones that should be added to the watch list.
In 2016, the Gorham Cave complex in the UK, Khangchenzonga National Park in India, and the Persian Khanat in the Republic of Islam Iran were added. These places will be preserved for future generations through the tireless efforts of its members and leadership.

The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) is a non-governmental organization dedicated to the preservation and protection of historical and archaeological heritage around the world. On April 18, 1982, the ICOMOS proposed to observe the International Day for Monuments and Sites, and the UNESCO approved the proposal at the 22nd General Meeting the following year. Every year, ICOMOS proposes a theme for celebrations and activities that take place on World Heritage Day. This year’s theme is rural landscapes. This issue is related to the Aimoros Scientific Symposium on Rural Heritage, to be held in Marrakesh, Morocco in October.

A World Heritage Site is defined as “a natural or man-made or structure of international significance and a place of special protection.” UNESCO believes that sites classified as World Heritage have cultural and physical significance. Today there are 1,092 UNESCO World Heritage Sites around the world, of which 845 are cultural, 209 are natural and 38 are a combination. Of these, 55 are in danger, including Jesus’ birthplace, the Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage to Bethlehem.


What are World Heritage Sites?

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) select sites or areas of cultural, historical, and scientific significance around the world. In short, these are places or places that have ‘great universal value’.
This list currently has 1,092 sites, of which 37 are in India. Tracking and visiting all these sites can be a lifetime experience!


Top 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Whether the Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon or the Taj Mahal built as a symbol of love, each of them has its own unique features. Check out our favorite 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


1. Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, the largest religious temple in the world, is a temple complex dedicated to the Hindu goddess Vishnu, which was later converted to a Buddhist temple in the late 12th century. Built in the early 12th century by King Suryavarman II of the German Empire, the temple is a symbol of classical Khmer style architecture and has a Cambodian flag.


2. Machu Picchu
A trip to Peru would not be complete without a visit to Machu Picchu. At about 8,000 feet, the fort is a must visit. The structure is located at the intersection of the Andes and the Amazon Basin. As you walk through the clouds you will see a variety of scenery and a wide variety of flora and fauna. Make sure you have a camera to capture ancient buildings, mind-blowing scenes and local lamas.


3. Sigiriya
The Sigiriya Lion Rock is a magnificent castle and temple complex located on a high volcanic plateau. Known locally as the Eighth Wonder of the World, this stunning site tops the list of places to visit in Dambulla and Sigou Leia. The main entrance is the shape of a large stone lion, whose legs have survived over time. Be sure to visit the western wall of the Sigiriya decorated with beautiful frescoes.


4. The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is a tomb built in Agra between 1632 and 1653. Shah Jahan, a Muslim ruler of the Mughal Empire, is located on the banks of the River Yamuna. Large buildings were erected to commemorate the beloved wife of her fourteenth child. It is estimated that 20,000 workers are required to complete the construction.


5. Cinque Terre
In Italian it means ‘Cinque Terre’ and ‘Five Lands’. This is the rough part of the coast of Riviera, Italy. There are five popular Cinque Terre villages, including Montero Al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Monrola and Riomaggiore. Due to its natural beauty, sidewalks and untouchable architecture, these villages are listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
These sites have gained global prominence as they embrace art, culture and civilization. They are the best values ​​of humanity. On World Heritage Day, it is important to plan events that help people connect with heritage walks, museums, library tours and heritage property in the old days. Before booking an international trip to these heritage sites, find out what steps you need to take to protect and honor it on your trip. Don’t let a major site disappear from the world, do your part today to raise awareness and save it for future generations.


Global Non-Governmental Organization proposes several ways to celebrate World Heritage Day.

  • Visiting or preserving monuments and sites
  • Writing articles in newspapers and magazines, spreading the knowledge of the subject through television and radio broadcasts
  • Hanging banners on city squares or main traffic arteries to keep an eye on the day and to preserve the cultural – heritage
  • Inviting local and foreign experts and individuals for conferences and interviews
  • Conduct discussions in cultural centers, city hall and other public places. Participating in exhibitions (photos, paintings, etc.)
  • Publication of books, postcards, stamps and posters
  • Give awards to organizations or individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage or have produced excellent publications on the subject.
  • The inauguration of the recently restored monument
  • To organize activities to promote special awareness among school children and youth
  • Promote “engagement” opportunities between organizations and define areas for collaboration; Exchange of speakers; Organization of meetings and seminars, or editing joint publications.


The importance of preserving heritage, heritage and ethnicity

The cultural heritage and natural history of a country is highly valued and unique. It is an identity that can be presented to the world.

Cultural heritage confirms our identity as a people because it is a comprehensive framework for preserving cultural heritage, including cultural sites, old buildings, monuments and religious sites.
Places of cultural significance and historical value. Culture and its heritage reflect the values, beliefs and aspirations that define the national identity of the people. It is important to preserve our cultural heritage as we protect our integrity as a people.

The importance of the hidden cultural heritage is not just cultural expression, but a treasure trove of knowledge and talents that are transmitted from one generation to the next.


How do you preserve heritage, heritage and culture in culturally diverse societies?

Weak and invisible cultural heritage is an important component of maintaining cultural diversity in the face of increasing globalization. An understanding of the invisible cultural heritage of different communities facilitates mutual dialogue and encourages mutual respect for other ways of life. Some elements of invisible cultural heritage have the potential to be destroyed or disappeared

How can one preserve and control a heritage that is part of an ever-changing ‘culture of life’ without help, but without being considered cool or insignificant? They are concerned with the transfer of knowledge, skills and meaning. In other words, focus on the processes of communicating or communicating the cultural heritage that is invisible from one generation to another, rather than the production of its expressive expressions, such as a dance performance, a song, a musical instrument or a craft. Some elements of an invisible cultural heritage may die or disappear without help, but how can we preserve and maintain a constantly changing tradition and part of the Sing Living culture? Or is it trivial? Protecting them is the transfer of knowledge, skills and meaning. The process of preservation, in other words, focuses on the processes that have or have been communicating cultural heritage that has been invisible to generations. Concerning the construction of concrete expressions such as a dance performance, a song, a musical instrument or a craft


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January 17, 2022

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