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Types of Sentences: Definition and Examples | Class 5 English Grammar

Types of Sentences Definition and Examples Class 5 English Grammar

Types of Sentences: Definition and Examples | Class 5 English Grammar

Types of Sentences

Sentence – The sentence refers to the group of words that make some sense.

For example –

  • “My favorite food is Pizza” make sense hence it is a sentence.
  • “Food favorite pizza my” does not make sense hence it is not a sentence.

The sentence can be expressed in affirmative form or negative form.

1)    Affirmative– Those sentences which affirm something.

Example- Government declares the public holiday.

2)    Negative-Those sentences which deny something.

Example- Government does not declare the public holiday.

We can transform the affirmative sentence into Negative without changing its meaning.

Example-

  • The boy was absent today.
    The boy was not present today.

 

  • Boss was doubtful of your sincerity.
    Boss was not sure of your sincerity.

For worksheets on Affirmative and Negative sentences, click Class 5 English

Types of Sentences

There are five types of sentences-

1)    Assertive or Declarative (statement form)

2)    Imperative (command form)

3)    Interrogative (question form)

4)    Exclamatory (an exclamation form)

5)    Optative (wishes/ prays)

Assertive or Declarative

These sentences are simple statements that have some facts. Such sentence state, declare or assert facts. They generally end with the full stop.

For Example-

  • I like cricket.
  • Riya lives in Mumbai.
  • Raju studies in class 6.

 

Imperative sentences

These sentences have some command or make a request or express a desire. Such a sentence can express order, request or prohibition. Here command remains a hidden subject which remains in the second person.

For Example

  • Bring a glass of water. (Order)
  • Please help me with my homework. (Request)
  • Have a good time during your vacation. (Wish)

Exclamatory Sentences

Sentences that express strong emotions or feelings. They express surprise, happiness, sorrow, sympathy, wonder or gratitude.

Examples-

  • What a pleasant surprise!
  • Bravo! He came first in the class.
  • Alas! He is getting poor.

Interrogative Sentences

A sentence that asks a question. It begins with either helping verbs like is, am, are, was, were etc. or question words like what, where, how, whom, etc. It ends with the question mark or mark of interrogation.

Examples-

  • What is your name?
  • Where do you live?
  • Have you completed the homework?

Optative Sentences

A sentence which expresses wishes, desire or prays.

Examples-

  • Wish you a Happy Birthday.
  • May God bless you.

For a complete explanation on types of sentences along with worksheets click Class 5 English.

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