Transformation of Sentences – Class 6 English Grammar
Online Class 6 English Grammar – To understand the transformation of sentences one need to understand the Clauses.
The clause refers to the sentence which is not a complete sentence as it contains a subject and predicate as a group of words.
There are two types of Clause
1) Independent Clause– it is a sentence or a part of multi clause-sentence that contains subject and predicate both. The sentence can use a conjunction like or, for, nor, yet, but etc
2) Dependent Clause- The clause that has subject and predicate and that cannot be stand alone as a sentence.
Types of the dependent clause
a) Adjective clause or Relative clause– the clause where adjective comes before a noun or pronoun like who, which, that, where etc. Example- This is a palace that we saw in the movie.
b) Adverb or adverbial clause-The clause that starts from subordinating conjunction like because, although, when, until etc.
c) Noun Clause-a sentence where clause works as a compliment, the subject is called a noun. Example- what we saw at the theatre was unbelievable.
The simple sentence refers to the sentence where there is one independent clause. He confuses his illegal act.
The complex sentence refers to a sentence that has one clause or one or more subordinate clause. Example – he confessed that he was guilty of his illegal act.
Compound sentence –
The compound sentence refers to a sentence which has more than one main clause. Example-I went for a movie named Transformer but the movie tickets were all booked.
Rules for transforming the simple sentence into a complex sentence
1- Present participle in a simple sentence can be converted
E.g. – Closing a door, I went back to the room
Transformed -when I closed the door, I went back to the room.
2- Being/ verb + ing can be converted by adding/then/since at the first half of the sentence.
Eg- after winning the match he cried.
Transformed – As he won the match he cried.
3 – “to” in the simple sentence, to convert into a complex sentence by adding “so that” in the sentence.
E.g. – we drink for thirst
Transformed – we drink so that we are thirsty.
4- In the simple sentence “in spite of/despite”, to convert into a complex sentence by adding “though/although” in the sentence.
E.g. – In spite of being rich, she cook her food.
Transformed – though she is rich she cook her food.
5 – Add “since” in the sentence instead of “because of” to transform the sentence into the complex.
E.g. – because of his illness, he could not attend the school
Transformed- since he was ill, he could not join the school.
6 – “subject+verb+object+ present participle” type of simple sentence can be converted into the complex by adding “subject+verb+object+relative+pronoun of the object+ be ver according to relative pronoun and tense + rest of the sentence”.
E-g I saw a bird flying
Transformed- I saw a bird which was flying.
7 – The simple sentence starting with “without” can be transformed into the complex by adding “if/in case” in the sentence.
E-g without adding the sugar the coffee will taste bad.
Transformed- if you do not add sugar the coffee will taste bad.
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Tag: Transformation of Sentences, Class 6 english grammar, types of Clause, Complex sentence, Compound sentence, Rules for transforming the simple sentence into a complex sentence