WORLD KIDNEY DAY 2020
World Kidney Day held every year on the second Thursday in March to raise awareness about the increasing burden of kidney diseases across the world and the need for the strategies for kidney disease prevention and management and to encourage people to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
World Kidney Day (WKD) is a joint venture of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundation (IFKF).The first time World Kidney Day was celebrated in 2006 by 66 countries and number increases in two years becoming 88.
World Kidney Day 2020 Theme
The Theme of World Kidney Day 2020 is “Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere”that highlights the growing burden of kidney disease, kidney-related health disparity, and inequity around the world.
Before proceeding let’s learn aboutKIDNEY first;
Kidneys are the two vertebral organs that are found in vertebrates. In the retroperitoneal space they lie left and right, and adult humans are approximately 11 cm (4.3 in) long. They receive blood from the paired renal arteries; Blood flows into the coupled veins. Each kidney is attached to a bladder, a tube that runs out of the bladder.
Each adult kidney has about 1 million nephrons, whereas a mouse kidney has only 12,500 nephrons. The kidney participates in the regulation of various fluid compartments in the body, fluid osmolality, acid-base balance, various electrolyte concentrations, and levels of detoxification. Filtration occurs in the glomerulus: one-fifth of the blood entering the kidney filters out. Examples of soluble water, sodium, bicarbonate, glucose and amino acids are recycled materials. Examples of secretions are hydrogen, ammonium, potassium and uric acid. The kidneys also function independently of the nephron. For example, they convert vitamin D to its active form, calcitriol; Synthesizes the hormones erythropoietin and renin.
ABOUT KIDNEY DAY:
It is a worldwide campaign aimed toward raising awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and reducing the frequency and impact of kidney diseases and related health problems worldwide.
World Kidney Day held every year on the second Thursday in March. There are hundreds of events worldwide, from public exhibitions in Argentina to the Zumba Marathon in Malaysia. We do all this to raise awareness. Awareness of preventive behavior, awareness of risk factors and how to live with kidney disease, we do this because everyone needs kidney health.
Kidney disease may be a non-communicable disease (NCD) that currently affects about 850 million people worldwide. The global burden of CKD is increasing, and it is estimated to be the 5 most common causes of lost lives globally by 2040. Chronic kidney disease is a major cause of health costs. 2 to 3% of the annual health budget in high-income countries uses dialysis and transplant costs; Less than 0.03% of the total population of these countries is spent. In low-income and middle-income countries, most people with kidney failure have inadequate access to dialysis and kidney transplants.
Importantly, kidney disease can be prevented by providing appropriate access to basic diagnosis and early treatment. We need to raise awareness about the importance of preventive measures to the population, professionals and policy makers.
WHAT IS CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD)?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a gradual loss of kidney function for months or years. Each of your kidneys has a million tiny filters called nephrons. If nephrons get damaged, they stop working. For a while, healthy nephrons can do extra work. As the damage continues, more and more nephrons stop. After a certain point, the remaining nephrons will not filter your blood enough to maintain your health.
When kidney function is reduced to a fixed point, it is called kidney failure. Kidney failure affects your entire body, making you very sick. Untreated kidney failure is life threatening.
What you shouldn’t forget:
- There are no signs or symptoms of early chronic kidney disease.
- Chronic kidney disease usually does not go away.
- Kidney disease can be treated. You already know that your chances of getting an effective treatment are great.
- Blood and urine tests are used to check for kidney disease.
- Kidney disease can lead to kidney failure.
- Kidney diseases are common, harmful, and often treatable.
- Common: 8 to 10% of adults have some type of kidney failure, and millions die prematurely each year due to kidney disease (CKD) complications.
Cons of CKD:
The first consequence of undiagnosed CKD is the gradual loss of renal function leading to renal failure (also known as end-stage renal disease, ESRD), which means permanent dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation for survival. is required.
A second consequence of CKD is the increased risk of premature death from related heart diseases (such as heart attacks and strokes). Individuals who are seen as healthy and who are later diagnosed with CKD are at increased risk of premature death due to heart disease, regardless of whether they have kidney failure.
Treatable: If CKD is detected quickly and appropriately, it may slow or prevent renal function and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.
How does one measure kidney function?
The main indicator of renal function is that the amount of unused creatinine blood within the body, which produces muscles and expels the kidneys. If kidney function is diminished, creatinine can accumulate within the blood when blood tests are performed.
The best indicator of kidney function is that the GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate), which measures the blood purification rate of the kidney. This indicator allows doctors to work out if renal function is normal, and if not, at what level of renal function. In daily practice, GFR are often easily quantified (EGFR) by measuring blood creatinine levels and taking under consideration age, ethnicity, and gender.
OBJECTIVE OF KIDNEY DAY:
- To raise awareness about our “wonderful kidneys” of diabetes and highØvital sign , which are major risk factors for chronic renal disorder (CKD).
- To encourage all patients with diabetes and hypertension to be screened for CKD.Ø
Promote preventive measures.
- To educate all medical professionals about their role in identifying and reducingØ the danger of CKD, especially in high-risk populations.
- The role of local and national health officials in controlling the CKD epidemic, on World Kidney Day, all governments are encouragedØ to require action and invest in further kidney testing.
- To promote transplantationØbecause the best outcome for renal failure and organ donation as a life-saving initiative.
That’s what we call
This year, World Kidney Day continues to raise awareness for the growing burden of kidney diseases around the world and strive for better kidney health for all. In particular, the 2020 campaign highlights the importance of preventative interventions to prevent the onset and progression of kidney disease.
WHAT IS PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION?
The term “prevention” usually refers to activities that are classified by the following three definitions: (1) Primary prevention, in the attempt to prevent the onset of kidney disease before the onset of the disease process and the health consequences. Means of Intervention (2) Secondary intervention suggests preventive measures that prevent the development of more serious problems. Kidney Disease Connection Early Diagnosis Early Treatment and (3) Tertiary Prevention is well established and it indicates the management of kidney disease because it limits the emergence of more serious complications as the disease progresses.
In particular, the risk factors for diabetes and hypertension, unhealthy diet, structural abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract, and / or nephrotoxicity levels need to be altered to prevent kidney disease. Preventive primary interventions include promoting a healthy lifestyle, including physical activity and a healthy diet, screening patients at high CKD risk with the help of urine and blood tests, and keeping screening data in the CKD registry.
In patients with advanced kidney disease, secondary prevention, including blood pressure, adjustment, and glycemic control, is the main focus of education and clinical interventions, achieved by reducing salt and protein, as well as plant-based diets and pharmacotherapy.
In advanced CKD patients, there is a high priority for the management of conditions such as uremia and heart disease.
As the number of cases worldwide increases, such prevention of CKD becomes more important. Because CKD is associated with high costs, preventive measures that address root causes, especially primary prevention, are of considerable value. Raise awareness for reducing the burden of kidney disease and educate individuals on the most important risk factors and prevention measures for kidney disease. Promotion programs by health care professionals, including nephrology fellowship programs and non-specialist training for the importance of “prevention approaches” for kidney disease and kidney failure; Effective, efficient education and awareness programs for the empowerment of patients are important to the public and participation.
World Kidney Day calls on all countries to take strong steps to prevent and promote kidney disease by 2020,
Focused on education including primary care, awareness raising, patient empowerment and cross-specialty training
Integrating CKD prevention into national NCD programs for comprehensive and integrated services, which are needed to improve early detection and tracking of CKD at the country level
Multi-sector Cooperation to Promote the Government and the Entire Community, Health and Kidney Prevention in All Policies
ORGAN DONATION IS ENCOURAGED:
As kidney disease progresses, management and treatment include medication, diet, and dialysis – artificially eliminating the waste produced by the body. Kidney transplantation is an option for people with CKD. Replacing a defective organ with an organ from a healthy organ can help improve renal function and improve quality of life. Because a person only needs one kidney to survive, the kidney donor can be a living family member or a Good Samaritan stranger.
WHAT CAN WE DO:
The World Kidney Day team believes that it is important to educate the public about kidney diseases, which affect millions of people worldwide, including many children, who are at risk of kidney disease at an early age is. Education from birth to old age to children, promoting early detection and healthy lifestyles and preventing and treating the risk of kidney damage including severe kidney disease and chronic kidney disease is critical. Therefore, parents, caregivers, young patients, policy makers, and the public educate and inform the importance of early detection and treatment of childhood kidney disease and about their future risks from childhood kidney failure May re-join forces to raise awareness. Build a healthy future generation!
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