The International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples - August 9th
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples – August 9th
International Day of Indigenous People
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed yearly in August to promote awareness of indigenous peoples’ issues around the world. The United Nations General Assembly determined in the resolution 49/214 on December 23, 1994, that the Day would be marked every year on August 9th. The date also marks the inaugural meeting of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, which occurred in 1982.
This day is observed to raise awareness and safeguard the rights of indigenous peoples around the world. Indigenous people all around the world maintain a deep relationship with nature. Around 80% of the world’s biodiversity is found in the areas where they live. The indigenous people of India are known as the Scheduled Tribes.
During the second decade, the assembly also voted to continue commemorating the International Day of Indigenous Peoples on an annual basis. The purpose of the decade was to strengthen international collaboration in areas such as culture, education, health, human rights, the environment, and social and economic development to help indigenous peoples solve difficulties.
On December 23, 1994, the United Nations passed a resolution designating August 9 as World Day of Peace. The UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations held its inaugural meeting on this day in 1982. The period from1995-2004 was also designated as the International Decade of World Indigenous Peoples by the United Nations General Assembly.
Every year on August 9, the United Nations celebrates the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, and this year in 2021, the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues will host a celebration at the UN headquarters. The celebration, which will take place on August 10 from 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m., will include messages from the UN Secretary-General and the Permanent.
Indigenous people occupy 28 percent of the world’s population, according to UNESCO. Their total population is estimated to be approximately 500 million. Indigenous people are a reflection of the world’s cultural variety. Many of them are still dealing with marginalization, terrible poverty, and other breaches of human rights. They still don’t have access to adequate healthcare. They are also food insecure as a result of inadequate availability of land and environmental factors.
India’s indigenous people
Scheduled Tribes are a term used in India to describe indigenous people. The first inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent are known to be Scheduled Tribes. They are regarded as the least developed socially and economically. The Gonds are a 4 million-strong ethnic group who live in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh and they are one of India’s most powerful tribes. Some of India’s other powerful tribes are the Bhills of Western India, the Santhals of Eastern India, and the Andamanese of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Indigenous communities around the world will commemorate the day with special activities, radio and television broadcasts, and musical performances. The United Nations General Assembly resolved on December 23, 1994, to commemorate the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People every year on August 9 during the Decade of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The Assembly declared a Second International Decade in 2004.
Despite the fact that many indigenous peoples around the world are self-governing and some have achieved autonomy in various ways, many indigenous peoples still fall under the ultimate authority of central governments, which control their lands, territories, and resources. Despite this reality, indigenous peoples have set a high standard for excellent administration.The purpose of this Decade is to strengthen international collaboration in areas such as culture, education, health, human rights, the environment, and social and economic development to help indigenous people solve difficulties.
The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which states in Article 14 that “Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning,” protects indigenous peoples’ right to education.
Despite these instruments, most indigenous peoples’ right to education has not been completely realized, and there is a severe education gap between indigenous peoples and the broader population. Where data is available, it shows continuous and persistent gaps in educational access, retention, and accomplishment between indigenous and non-indigenous populations in all regions.
Indigenous peoples’ ongoing struggle for equality and respect for their rights as peoples and individuals is mirrored in the education sector, which not only reflects historical abuses, discrimination, and marginalization but also reflects their ongoing struggle for equality and respect for their rights as peoples and individuals.
People from all across the world are invited to observe the day in order to convey the UN’s message about indigenous peoples. Educational forums and classroom activities may be used to obtain a greater understanding and appreciation of indigenous peoples. Messages from the UN secretary-general and other prominent officials, performances by indigenous artists, and panel talks on reconciliation might all be part of the festivities.