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Indian Freedom Movement – Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose Indian patriotism has left a mark in many Indians’ hearts. He is famously known as the founder of ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ and ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga’ is his famous slogan. He was born on the 23rd of January, 1897.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a hospital in Taiwan on August 18, 1944, after suffering from burn injuries in an airplane crash. He was a great person with exceptional leadership abilities and charismatic orating skills, Subhas Chandra Bose is considered the most influential freedom fighter. ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga’, ‘Jai Hind’ and ‘Delhi Chalo’ are his famous slogans. He founded Azad Hind Fauj and made many contributions to the struggle for liberty in India.
He is known for his militant approach and for his socialist policies which he used to achieve independence. On 23 January 1897, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose in Cuttack (Orissa). In Cuttack, his father was a prosperous lawyer and obtained the title of Rai Bahadur. He, like his brothers, did his schooling at the Protestant European School currently Stewart High School) in Cuttack.
He received his bachelor’s degree from the College of the Presidency. After reading their works at 16 years of age, he was inspired by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna. Then he was sent to the University of Cambridge in England by his parents to study for the Indian Civil Service. He passed the civil service examination in 1920, but he resigned his candidacy in April 1921 after hearing of the nationalist chaos in India and rushed back to India.
He joined Mahatama Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement, which founded INC as a strong non-violent organisation. He was advised by Mahatma Gandhi during the movement to collaborate with Chittaranjan Das, who became his political mentor. He then became a youth instructor and a volunteer commander of the Bengal Congress. He started the ‘Swaraj’ newspaper. Since being released from jail in 1927, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party after being released from prison and worked for independence with Jawaharlal Nehru.
He was elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and formed a national planning committee to formulate a broad industrialization strategy. This did not, however, harmonise with the economic thinking of Gandhiji, which clung to the notion of cottage industries and benefited from the use of the country’s own capital. In 1939, when he beat a Gandhian opponent for reelection, Bose’s vindication came.
The All India Forward Bloc was an Indian left-wing nationalist political party that emerged in 1939, headed by Subhas Chandra Bose, as a faction of the India Congress. In Congress, he was well-known for his leftist views. The Forward Bloc’s primary goal was to pull together all the extreme elements of the Party of Congress so that the commitment to the ideals of equality and social justice could be spread in the sense of India’s complete freedom.
The formation and activities of the Azad Hind Fauj also referred to as the Indian National Army, or INA was an important development in the fight for liberty during the Second World War. With the help of Indians living in the countries of South-East Asia, Rash Behari Bose, an Indian nationalist who had escaped from India and lived in Japan for several years, founded the Indian Independence League.
In 1941, Subhas Chandra Bose left India and went to Germany to work for Indian independence. In 1943, to make it an effective weapon for India’s liberation, he came to Singapore to lead the Indian Independence League and restore the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj). There were about 45,000 soldiers in the Azad Hind Fauj, including Indian prisoners of war as well as Indians living in different Southeast Asian countries.
Subhas Chandra Bose, who is now popularly known as Netaji proclaimed the establishment of- provisional government of independent India (Azad Hind) on October 21, 1943, in Singapore. Netaji went to the Japanese occupied Andaman and hoisted India’s flag there. Three units of the Azad Hind Fauj (INA) engaged in the assault on the north-eastern parts of India in early 1944 to oust the British from India.
Takshila learning celebrates this great leader of Independent India with fervour and reverence in the month of January. Takshila learning wishes to incorporate the teachings of Netaji in the educational environment by giving freedom to learners from ignorance and illiteracy. Takshila learning aims to free the nation from the glitches of a phase where an individual finds it tough to move ahead due to a lack of professional training or education. Takshila visions the Indian citizens to dwell in an Azad Hind as envisioned by Netaji decades back.
Takshila learning salutes Netaji by providing freedom from the darkness of incompetence in the educational world
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