Poverty Alleviation Programmes Adopted by Gov Of India
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Poverty Alleviation Programmes Adopted by Gov Of India : CS Foundation
- Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) – Integrated Rural Development Programme was commenced in 1976-77 in 20 chosen districts and in 1980 it was started in all areas of the country. The objective of the Programme is to enable the selected families to cross the poverty line through a strategy of productive asset endowment. During the Seventh Five Year Plan period an outlay of Rs 2.462 crores was provided for the Programme and the target was to cover 20 million beneficiaries.
- National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) – National Rural Employment Programme was introduced in October 1980. The general objective of the Programme was to produce additional gainful employment in the rural areas to bring about a common improvement in the overall quality of life in rural areas.
- Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) – The RLEGP was introduced on 15 August 1983 to create more employment in rural areas. The general objective of the Programme was to expand and improve employment opportunities to generate productive and durable assets for establishing rural infrastructure and to improve the quality of life in rural areas.
- Jawahar Rozgar Yojana – JRY has been launched in 1989-90 with a motive of creating additional employment in the country. To generate 837 million man-days of employment a sum of Rs 2623 crores was arranged.
5. Development of Animal Husbandry and Agriculture – In 1992-93, under the Milk Development Plans of Operation Flood around 54 Lakh persons were catered employment. In agriculture extension training programme, by 1994-95 employment opportunities to 16,000 persons were granted.
6. Employment Assurance Scheme – The Employment Assurance Scheme was launched in 1994 in 1752 backward areas in the country. The main purpose of the scheme is to provide 100 days of unskilled manual work to the unemployed rural poor.
7. Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) – Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana was implemented in 1993 in order to give employment to more than 10 Lakh people by setting up 7 Lakh enterprises during the Eighth Plan in industry, service, and business. In 1995-96, it created employment for 3.75 Lakh people. It provided employment to 2.1 Lakh people in 1999-2000.
8. Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program (PMIUPEP) – PMIUPEP has been executed in 1995 – 96. The objective is to Carter employment for the urban poor. The Programme will cover 50 Lakh urban poor living in 345 towns. The Central Government will bear an expenditure of Rs 800 crores on PMIUPEP during a period of 5 years. It provided employment to 2.85 Lakh people in 1999-2000.
9. Self-Employment Programmes – Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), and allied programmes as Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), and Million Wells Scheme (MWS) have been revamped into a one Self-Employment Programme called the Swarnajayanti Gramya Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) from April 1999.
Other Programmes – Government of India launched other employment and poverty alleviation programmes as under:
_ Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana
_ Swaran Jayanti Rozgar Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)
- Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (Gramin Awas)
- Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana-Rural Drinking Water Project
- Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
- Autyodya Anna Yojana (AAY)
- Jai Parkash Rozgar Guarantee Yojana (JPRGY)
- Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana (VAMBAY)
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