Parts of Computer for Class 2
Different parts of a computer
Just like our body, a computer is also made up of many parts. These parts work together to perform different functions.
A computer is made up of the following basic parts.
Let us understand the functions of computer parts:
- A monitor allows you to see what you are doing on the computer.
- The Monitor looks like a TV screen
- Thin flat screen monitors are called “LED” that provide a clear display for the user.
The CPU solves problems and control operations of all other parts of computer.
- The full form of CPU is ‘Central Processing Unit’. It is also called the microprocessor.
- The CPU is inside the CPU cabinet.
- A keyboard is used for typing.
- The keyboard has keys for alphabets, numbers and signs.
- Pressing the keys to write something on the computer is called typing.
- When you type the command, the computer starts working on that command.
- A mouse is a pointing device and used for pointing and clicking.
- The Mouse has two buttons and a scrolling wheel between the two buttons.
- The Mouse has a pointer linked to the screen which moves in the direction the mouse moved.
- By clicking the buttons on the mouse, you give commands to the computer.
Pointing the mouse – pointing is to move the mouse and bring the mouse pointer where you want to point.
Clicking the mouse – Clicking is to press the left mouse button and release it quickly.
Double clicking the mouse – Double clicking is to click twice quickly.
Dragging – Dragging is to hold the mouse button and move the mouse. This action is also called ‘Drag and Drop’.
- Speakers help you to listen to the sounds(songs) by the computer.
- Computer speakers are just like stereo speakers.
- They are usually two in number and come in various sizes.
- The UPS stands for Uninterrupted Power Supply. We attach a UPS to our computer so that it does not switch OFF suddenly when electricity goes OFF. The UPS works on batteries.
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