NCERT Solutions For Class 12 All Subjects

As students approach the end of their school journey, we believe they should bid their farewells with a bang. We encourage students to focus on their understanding as well as their marks. Since the Class 12 curriculum also serves as the basis for future learnings in colleges and competitive exams, we strongly believe that this foundation should be rock solid. Therefore, having the appropriate reading material is essential.

As such, we have structured our NCERT Class 12 solutions to be well-researched and well-written. Our solutions are made to be easily understandable and appropriate for school exams and competitive exams. The solutions clear any doubts that students might have based on NCERT readings and also give deeper insights into the curriculum.

We encourage students to first refer to the NCERT chapters and then to refer to our NCERT Solutions for Class 12. We have covered the complete NCERT class 12 syllabus subject-wise and chapter-wise. The aim of these solutions is to provide a better understanding of concepts and provide ease to students to remember the answers.

Our Worksheet section can be a good platform to confirm and test the understanding of the syllabus. The worksheets test the critical areas of the curriculum and help students identify weak areas.

If enough time is devoted to these solutions, students will certainly be able to clear exams with high scores and deep comprehension of the syllabus and strong foundations for future education.

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These solutions are available for students to download not only to clear their doubts, but also to gain a better understanding of the various subjects and their subsequent chapters. For a better understanding of the concepts in the CBSE class 12 textbooks, these solutions must be properly practised. The most effective Class 12 NCERT Solutions are presented here, which, if followed, will assist students in achieving excellent results in their class 12 exams.

Takshila Learning has solutions for all the subjects and streams in CBSE Syllabus for Class 12:

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields

Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter 7: Alternating Current

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Chapter 12: Atoms

Chapter 13: Nuclei

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics Materials Devices and Simple Circuits

Chapter 15: Communication Systems


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Part-1

Chapter 1:  The Solid State

Chapter 2: Solutions

Chapter 3: Electro chemistry

Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics

Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry

Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Chapter 7: The p Block Elements

Chapter 8: The d and f Block Elements

Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds

Chemistry Part – 2

Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Chapter 12: Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Chapter 13: Amines

Chapter 14: Biomolecules

Chapter 15: Polymers

Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology

Chapter 1: Reproduction in Organisms

Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Chapter 3: Human Reproduction

Chapter 4: Reproductive Health

Chapter 5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation

Chapter 6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance

Chapter 7: Evolution

Chapter 8: Human Health and Disease

Chapter 9: Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

Chapter 10: Microbes in Human Welfare

Chapter 11: Biotechnology: Principles and Processes

Chapter 12: Biotechnology and its Applications

Chapter 13: Organisms and Populations

Chapter 14: Ecosystems

Chapter 15: Biodiversity and Conservation

Chapter 16: Environmental Issues


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths

Chapter 1: Relations and Functions

Chapter 2: Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Chapter 3: Matrices

Chapter 4: Determinants

Chapter 5: Continuity and Differentiability

Chapter 6: Application of Derivatives

Chapter 7: Integrals

Chapter 8: Application of Integrals

Chapter 9: Differential Equations

Chapter 10: Vector Algebra

Chapter 11: Three Dimensional Geometry

Chapter 12: Linear Programming

Chapter 13: Probability


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo


Chapter 1: The Last Lesson

Chapter 2: Lost Spring

Chapter 3: Deep Water

Chapter 4: The Rattrap

Chapter 5: Indigo

Chapter 6: Poets and Pancakes

Chapter 7: The Interview

Chapter 8: Going Places



Chapter 1: My Mother at Sixty-six

Chapter 2: An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum

Chapter 3: Keeping Quiet

Chapter 4: A Thing of Beauty

Chapter 5: A Roadside Stand

Chapter 6: Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers


Vistas – Supplementary Reader

Chapter 1: The third level

Chapter 2: The tiger king

Chapter 3: Journey to the end of the Earth

Chapter 4: The enemy pearl

Chapter 5: Should wizard hit mommy

Chapter 6: On the face of it

Chapter 7: Evans tries an O-level

Chapter 8: Memories of childhood


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Economics

Microeconomics Solutions

Chapter 1: Introduction to Economics

Chapter 2: Theory of consumer behaviour

Chapter 3: Production and Costs

Chapter 4: The theory of the firm under perfect competition

Chapter 5: Market Equilibrium

Chapter 6: Non – Competitive Market


Macroeconomics Solutions

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: National Income Accounting

Chapter 3: Money and Banking

Chapter 4: Determination of Income and Employment

Chapter 5: Government Budget and the Economy

Chapter 6: Open Economy Macroeconomics


NCERT solutions for class 12 Accountancy Part 1

Chapter 1: Accounting for NPO organization

Chapter 2: Accounting for Partnership – Basic Concepts

Chapter 3: Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission 112 of a Partner

Chapter 4: Reconstitution- 172 Retirement/Death of a Partner

Chapter 5: Dissolution of Partnership firm


NCERT solutions for class 12 Accountancy Part 2

Chapter 6: Accounting for Share Capital

Chapter 7: Issue and Redemption of debentures

Chapter 8: Financial statements of a company

Chapter 9: Analysis of Financial statements

Chapter 10: Accounting Ratios

Chapter 11: Cash Flow Statement


NCERT solutions for class 12 Business Studies Part 1

Chapter 1: Nature and Significance of Management

Chapter 2: Principles of Management

Chapter 3: Business Environment

Chapter 4: Planning

Chapter 5: Organising

Chapter 6: Staffing

Chapter 7: Directing

Chapter 8: Controlling


NCERT solutions for class 12 Business Studies Part 2

Chapter 9: Financial Management

Chapter 10: Financial Market

Chapter 11: Marketing

Chapter 12: Consumer Protection

Benefits of NCERT Solutions from Takshila Learning

  • The solutions are simple to follow.
  • The solutions are thorough.
  • All exercise problems are covered.
  • Step-by-step solutions are given for mathematics.
  • Wherever possible, diagrams are included to help in comprehension.


Tips for Preparation during exams

You can begin with whichever option is most convenient for you. You can either begin by preparing for one subject at a time, or you can begin by preparing for all subjects at the same time. The most effective way to study with NCERT’s is:

  • In your first reading, underline what you think is relevant. You can use a marker if you are learning online.
  • Make sure you learn and memorise the underlined items while you’re doing your second reading.
  • Make a list of the points you underlined when you move on to your final reading. Now put the books aside and concentrate solely on your notes.
  • Every two weeks, go through your notes again. You will automatically achieve the optimal level of competency after 4-5 iterations.
  • Always keep in mind that completing a book does not mean you are finished until you remember everything and can recall it in your exams.
  • Study the text from books in such a way that you can cover the entire syllabus in 7 to 8 hours. Your dedication is the most important factor in your performance.

FAQs For NCERT Solutions :


1. What is NCERT Exemplar and where can we get its Solutions?

NCERT Exemplars are basically practice books that contain additional questions of higher level and give you comprehensive and thorough learning. The NCERT Solutions for the questions are present on our site or you can find them online.


2. What are the benefits of NCERT Solutions?

NCERT Solutions lay a stronger foundation of concepts in students that can be useful for them in their later stages to prepare for any competitive exams.


3. How can I download the NCERT Solutions in PDF Format for free?

You can utilize the quick links on our page to view or download the NCERT Solutions of all classes in an easy wayWhat is the need of NCERT Solutions?

NCERT Solutions will provide you an in depth understanding of all the questions and concepts in NCERT Textbooks. The majority of the boards that prefer the NCERT Textbooks can use these Solutions for getting a grip on the subject


4. Are NCERT books enough for board exams?

These textbooks along with previous year papers are enough for CBSE Class 10 and 12 board exams.


5. Are NCERT textbooks sufficient for JEE and NEET?

These books are great to clear your concepts for the entire syllabus of JEE and NEET. But in order to crack the exams with a higher score, you need to refer to other reference books as well.


6. Are NCERT textbooks useful for students under other boards?

Most of the state boards follow more or less the same syllabus as the CBSE. So, referring to these CBSE recommended textbooks along with the books recommended by your board will definitely help.


7. What is NCERT?

NCERT stands for National Council of Educational Research and Training. NCERT was established on September 1st, 1961. It is an organisation of Indian government and provides books and solutions to various education boards. Headquarters of NCERT is in New Delhi.


9. What is Difference between NCERT and CBSE?

CBSE is Central Board of Education. It is an institute with the objective of providing education to students across India. NCERT provides books and solutions to CBSE board and many other boards. Schools which come under CBSE board uses NCERT solutions.


10. Are NCERT Books Enough for Class 12?

The Class 12 question paper revolves around the concepts explained in the NCERT textbook. Hence, we can say that NCERT books are enough for the Class 12 exam preparation. But, if scoring high marks is the aim, then practice is the key. Hence, once done solving the questions given in the NCERT textbook, one should make sure that he/she practices different types of questions from other reference books.

Takshila Learning makes your preparation for the board exams very simple and effective through their notes for each of the subjects. The NCERT solutions from Takshila Learning will help you in clearing out the doubts and coming to concrete solutions.

So, come on be board exam-ready with Takshila Learning’s  NCERT solutions for all subjects and grades

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Takshila Learning NCERT Solutions for Class 12 (CBSE) : NCERT Class 12