NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10 Geography NCERT Solutions

NCERT Books Solutions For Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources is the first stepping stone for a student in the competitive world. With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

Takshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.

Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Geography. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10”

Multiple choice questions.

  1. Which one of the following minerals is formed by decomposition of rocks, leaving aresidual mass of weathered material?


  1. Coal
  2. Bauxite
  3. Gold
  4. Zinc

Ans – Bauxite


2. Koderma, in Jharkhand is largest producer of which one of the following minerals?


  1. Bauxite
  2. Mica
  3. Iron ore
  4. Copper

Ans – Mica


3. Minerals are deposited and accumulated in the stratas of which of the following rocks?


  1. Sedimentary rocks
  2. Metamorphic rocks
  3. Igneous rocks
  4. None of the above

Ans – Sedimentary rocks


4. Which one of the following minerals is contained in the Monazite sand?


  1. Oil
  2. Uranium
  3. Thorium
  4. Coal

Ans – Thorium


Answer the following questions in 30 words.

  1. Distinguish between the following in not more than 30 words.


  1. Ferrous and non-ferrous minerals


Ferrous minerals Non-ferrous minerals
These are iron containing minerals. These minerals do not contain iron.
India has good reserve of ferrous minerals. India’s reserve and production of non-ferrous minerals is not satisfactory.
Ex. Iron ore, Manganese, Nickel, Cobalt Ex. Copper, Gold, Bauxite, Lead



  1. Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.


Conventionalsources of energy non-conventional sources of energy
Conventional sources of energy are generally exhaustible. Non-conventional sources of energy are usuallyinexhaustible.
These are in common use for a long time. These are in use in recent time and are still in stage of development.
Ex. Coal, petroleum, firewood etc. Ex. Solar energy, wind energy, nuclear energy etc.


  1. What is mineral?

Answer: Mineral is a homogenous naturally occurring substance that has definite chemical composition and definable internal structure.


  • How are minerals formed in igneous and metamorphic rocks?

Answer: In igneous and metamorphic rocks, minerals are formed by forced upward movement of minerals in liquid/ molten and gaseous form through cavities towards surface. The smaller cracks are called veins and larger are called lodes.


  1. Why do we need to conserve mineral resources?


  • Mineral resources are limited.
  • It takes billions of years for them to replenished in nature.
  • Continued extraction of ores leads to increasing costs ofextraction and a decrease in quality as well as quantity.


Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

  1. Describe the distribution of coal in India.


  • In India, coal occurs in rock series of two main geological ages—Gondwana, a little over 200 million years old and tertiary, approximately 55 millionyears old.
  • The major resources of Gondwana (metallurgical) coal are located in the Damodar valley (WestBengal, Jharkhand), Jharia, Raniganj and Bokaro.
  • The Godavari, Mahandi, Son and Wardha valleys also contain coal deposits.
  • Tertiary coalsoccur in the north-eastern states of Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
  • Lignite reserve is in Tamilnadu.



  1. Why do you think that solar energy has a bright future in India?

Answer: Sun’s heat and light can be felt by us everyday. Solar energy trapped can be harnessed and used in solar cells to produce electricity. Being a tropical country, India has an abundance of sunlight. Hence, there are huge possibilitiesof tapping solar energy. Being a developing country, demand for pure and uninterrupted energy is very high in India specifically in rural areas. That’s why it is becoming popular in rural and remote areas. Also, it has minimised the dependence of rural household on firewood and dung cakes, which in turn will contribute to environment conservation and adequate supply of manure in agriculture. Besides, technological development and geographical location of India along with government policies has boosted the use of solar cells. That’s why solar energy has bright future in India.

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