NCERT Books Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.
Takshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.
Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Political Science. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of ” Gender, Religion and Caste”
Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 – Gender, Religion and Caste
Exercises Page No. 55
- Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.
In India, women are discriminated against or disadvantaged in the following ways:A. Literacy – Female literacy rate for males is 65.46 percent as against 82.14 percent. It shows that the difference between men and women is w.r.t since independence. Literacy has still not been filled.B. Higher Education – Compared to the percentage of boys and girls who opted for higher education after school, it is lower for girls as they drop out after school because the parents on a girl’s education Don’t want to spend your resources which is quite expected in boys’ affairs.C. High-paid jobs – The percentage of women working in high-paying jobs is still smaller than men. On average, an Indian woman works for an hour more than the average man every day. Most of his work has not yet been paid and is therefore often not valuable.D. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 provides that equal pay should be paid for equal work. However, in almost all sectors, from sports and cinema to factories and farms, women are paid less than men, even when both work exactly the same.I. Sex Ratio – The sex ratio of India is 10.4.7i, ie 10 mal.4 mal males per 100 females in 2019.
- State different forms of communal politics with one example each.
There are various forms of communal politics:A. Communalism takes a form of religious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one religion over other religions. E.g. Militant religious group.B. Discovery of political dominance of one religion over another in one community. It takes a form of prominence. For example, a quarrel between Hindus and Muslims.C. Political mobilization along religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. Example – During elections, hate speeches reflect communalism.D. Communal violence is another form of communalism in politics. Examples – Indian and Pakistan. There is a long history of conflict between the two countries and the violence that followed is known.
- State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.
According to the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the following evidence may reflect the current caste disparities in India:A. The average economic status of caste groups (as measured by monthly consumption expenditure criteria) still follows the old hierarchy – ‘upper’ castes are the best, dalits and tribals are worse off, and backward classes are in the middle.B. Although there are some poor members of every caste, the proportion living in extreme poverty (below the official ‘poverty line) Too high for the upper castes and too low for the upper castes, once again among the backward classes.C. Although there are some members of every caste who are rich, the upper castes are heavily represented among the rich while the lower castes are severely under-represented.
- State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India
Two reasons that say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India:a. There is no clear majority of the same caste in any parliamentary constituency in India. Therefore, every candidate and party needs to win the trust of more than one caste and community to win the election.B. No party wins the votes of all voters of caste or community. When people say that caste is the ‘vote bank’ of any one party, it usually means that a large proportion of the voters of that party vote for that party.
- What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies?
There are over 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban local bodies. Women’s organizations and activists are demanding equal reservation for at least one-third of seats for women in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies. A bill containing this proposal has been pending before Parliament for over a decade. But this is not unanimous among all political parties. The bill has not passed.
- Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.
- The fundamental right of religion clearly states that anyone has the right to practice, propagate and propagate any religion.
- The ban on discrimination on the basis of religion is one of the ten principles of the Constitution under the fundamental right to equality.
- When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:
- Biological differences between men and women
- Unequal roles assigned by society to men and women
- Unequal child sex ratio
- Absence of voting rights for women in democracies
(b) Unequal roles assigned by society to men and women
- In India, seats are reserved for women in
- Lok Sabha
- State legislative assemblies
- Panchayati Raj bodies
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies
- Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:
- One religion is superior to that of others.
- People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.
- Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
- State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others. Which of the statements is/are correct?
- A, B, C, and D
- A, B, and D
- A and C
- B and D
(c) A and C
- Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It
- prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
- gives official status to one religion.
- provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion.
- ensures equality of citizens within religious communities.
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion.
- Social divisions based on _________ are peculiar to India.
Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India.
- Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
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NCERT Solutions For Class 10 History
(India & Contemporary World – II)
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Economics
(UNDERSTANDING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Political Science
(Democratic Politics – II)
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