NCERT Books Solutions For Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Civics Social Science Chapter 3
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Social Science Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity is the first stepping stone for a student in the competitive world. With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.
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Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Political Science. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Class 10 Civics Democracy and Diversity”
Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Democracy and Diversity
Question 1: Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.
Answer: Three factors which determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions:
• Points of view of the people: In a democracy, the attitude of the people is very important to look at social differences. If they see these differences in the context of each other, or they see their identity in the context of belonging to a particular group, then this approach is very difficult to adjust in society. But if they present their identity as multiple duties and they consider it as a complement to national identity, then this type of division is not destructive, but constructive for society. This will give representation to all the weaker sections of the society in our political system. The result depends on how people perceive their identity.
- Role of leaders: The second important factor is the way in which our political leaders raise their demands for various social groups. If the demands are raised in a peaceful manner and give priority to the demand of other groups, it will be constructive for the society. But if the leaders raise their demands at the expense of other groups, the society will move towards conflict. It is easy to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and not at the expense of any other community.
- Government’s response: The third important factor in this is the government’s response to these demands. If the government shares power with all groups, even with minorities, social division will not be a threat to the country. But if they try to suppress those demands, it will only lead to dissolution or isolationism. Such efforts of forced integration often sow the seeds of disintegration.
· Political expression of social division in democracy is very common and can be healthy. The expression of different types of social division in politics often results in their cancellation of each other and thus reducing their intensity. This strengthens democracy.
Question 2: When does a social difference become a social division?
Answer: A social difference becomes a social division when it overlaps with some other social difference. Social differences divide similar people from one another.
For example, blacks and whites of the United States. The main social difference between them is that they belong to different castes. But when another set of differences join that set, such as one section is poor and homeless, another class is rich and thriving, then it becomes a matter of social division and creates a sense that they Both belong to different communities. When one type of social difference becomes more important than another it becomes a social division.
Question 3: How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.
Answer: In politics, there is competition between political parties. If these political parties use this competition in support of some social divisions, it can lead to political divisions. This can lead to conflict, violence or even disintegration of a country.
· An example is in Northern Ireland where religious conflicts led to religious division. Two major denominations of Christianity: 53% Protestants and 44% Catholics dominate the country. Catholics wanted Northern Ireland to be included in the Republic of Ireland and remain with the Protestant UK. This led to violence for many years, where thousands of people died. Only in 1998, peace returned when Britain’s government and nationalists reached a peace treaty and stopped all violence.· The second example is of Yugoslavia where political parties refused to accommodate each other. Each ethno-religious group wanted to dominate the other. The result — the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries. Therefore politics and social division should not be allowed to mix.
Question 4: _______ social differences create possibilities for deep social divisions and tensions. _______ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.
Answer: Overlapping social differences create possibilities for deep social divisions and tensions. Cross cutting social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.
Overlapping difference is a mixture of one or more differences due to one main difference. This type of situation creates social division when one type of social difference becomes more important than another and people begin to feel that they belong to different communities.If social differences cross-cut each other, it is difficult to have one group of people pitted against others.This means that a group that shares a common interest in an issue is likely to be on different sides on a different issue.
Question 5: In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?
(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.
(b) In a democracy, it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.
(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.
(d) Democracy always leads to the disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.
Answer: (d) Democracy always leads to the disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.
Explanation: In a democracy, it is only natural that political parties will talk about division and make different promises to different communities that lead to the disintegration of society.
Question 6: Consider the following three statements.
A. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.
B. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.
C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) A, B and C (b) A and B (c) B and C (d) Only C
Answer : (b) A and B
Explanation: Social division of one type or another exists in most countries. It does not matter whether the country is small or big.
Question 7: Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.
A. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.
B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.
C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.
D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.
(a) D, B, C, A (b) D, B, A, C (c) D, A, C, B (d) A, B, C, D
Answer : (a) D, B, C, A
Question 8: Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?
(a) Belgium (b) India (c) Yugoslavia (d) Netherlands
Answer (c) Yugoslavia
Explanation: Political competition along religious ending ethnic lines led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six different countries.
Question 9: Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring. And when this happens, and when we allow freedom ring—when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children—black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics—will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: ‘Free at last! Free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!’ I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal’.”
Answer: Martin Luther King Jr.’s speech in the USA mentions racial discrimination. He is referring to the policies of segregation adopted by whites towards whites. He wanted to see a world where there is no racial discrimination. He wanted to see that all should be considered equal even if they belong to one religion, caste, creed or any other.He wanted a world where all people should be given equal opportunities for development and the economic and social interests of all should be respected. This speech and the event of the Mexico Olympics are both part of the civil rights movement, which aims to end legal racial discrimination against African-Americans led by Martin Luther King Jr., a movement that has racially disproved civil-disobedience. Violent methods practiced discriminatory laws and practices.
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NCERT Solutions For Class 10 History
(India & Contemporary World – II)
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Economics
(UNDERSTANDING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Political Science
(Democratic Politics – II)
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