NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Federalism

Federalism Class 10 NCERT Solutions Social Science Civics Chapter 2

NCERT Books Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 Federalism

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Federalism is the first stepping stone for a student in the competitive world. With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 Federalism

Takshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.

Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Political Science. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Federalism”

Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Federalism


Question 1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.


Question 2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.


Explanation:25 countries of the192 countries in the world have federal political systems.

Question 3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Answer: In India, like Belgium, the central government must share its powers with state governments. However, unlike Belgium, India does not have a communist government other than the central and state government. Rural local government in India is popularly known as Panchayati Raj.

Question 4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Answer: In a federal form of government, the central government shares its powers with the various constituent units of the country. Both types of governments are separately accountable to the people. For example, in India, power is divided between the central government and various state governments.In a unitary form of government, all power is exercised by only one government. In this, the central government can pass orders to the provincial or regional government. Under a unitary system, either there is only one level of government or sub-units are subordinate to the central government. For example, in Sri Lanka, the national government has all the powers.

Question 5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the Constitutional amendment in 1992.

Answer: In 1992, a major step towards decentralization was taken. The constitution was amended to make the third level of democracy more powerful and effective.

Local governments Before 1992 Local governments After 1992
Elections were controlled by the state and were not held regularly. Seats were not reserved for women in elected bodies. An independent state election commission is responsible for conducting panchayat and municipal elections. At least one third of all positions are reserved for women.
Local governments had no powers or resources of their own. These were directly under the control of the state governments. The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies. The nature of sharing varies from state to state.

Question 6. Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a ___________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are ______________vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _____________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ____________ government has more powers.

Answer: The United States is a federation of sorts, with all constituent states having equal powers and states being strong for the federal government. On the other hand, India is a type of federation and some states have more power than others. The central government has more powers in India.

Question 7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India.
Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Answer: I completely agree with Sangeeta’s response to this. If the housing policy was not followed and states were not created on linguistic basis, there would have been another partition of India. The formation of linguistic states has actually made the country more united and made administration very easy for example of Hindi as the national language would have separated the South from Tamil Nadu from the North and South and become an independent nation.The Parliament therefore enacted the Official Language Act of 1963, which provided for the continued use of Hindi as well as English for official purposes even after 1965.

Question 8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:
(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Answer: (d) Governmental power is divided between the different levels of government.
Explanation: The levels are the Central Government, the State Government and the Panchayati Raj.

Question 9: A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A.Defence; B. Police; C. Agriculture; D. Education; E. Banking; F. Forests; G. Communications; H. Trade; I. Marriages

Union List
State List
Concurrent List

Answer :

Union List Defence, Banking, Communications
State List Police, Agriculture, Trade
Concurrent List Education, Forests, Marriages

Explanation: The Union List includes subjects of national importance.The state list includes subjects of state and local importance.The concurrent list includes subjects of equal interest to both the central government and the state governments.

Question 10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) State government State List
(b) Central government Union List
(c) Central and State government Concurrent List
(d) Local Governments Residuary powers

Answer :

(d) Local Governments Residuary powers

Explanation: Cases not included in any of the three lists are known as residual subjects and the right to legislate on these subjects is called residual power. The authority to make laws on these subjects has been given to the Central Government (Parliament).

Question 11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I List II
1. Union of India A. Prime Minister
2. State Β. Sarpanch
3. Municipal C. Governor
4. Gram Panchayat D. Mayor
1 2 3 4
(a) D A B C
(b) B C D A
(c) A C D B
(d) C D A B

Answer :

1 2 3 4
(c) A C D B

Question 12. Consider the following two statements.

  1. In a federation, the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
  2. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
  3. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
  4. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A, C and D
(c) A and B only
(d) B and C only

Ans : (c) A and B only
Explanation: All levels of governance will govern equal citizens, but their jurisdiction will be different. This means that each level of government would have a specific power to enact, legislate and execute these laws. Both governments must have clearly marked jurisdiction.


Book free Demo Class
for CBSE/ICSE  Board Online Tuition Class

Fill the form for more details.


Book free Demo Class
for CBSE/ICSE  Board Online Tuition Class

Fill the form for more details.

Share and Enjoy !

0 0
© 2021-22 Takshila Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Request Callback
close slider
For course & fee related queries, Leave your details and our counsellor will get back to you or Call us at 8800-999-280
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.