NCERT Books Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing is the first stepping stone for a student in the competitive world. With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.
Takshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.
Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Political Science. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Class 10 Political Science Power Sharing”
Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Power Sharing
Question 1. What are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.
Answer: The different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies are:
Horizontal Division of Power: It is the sharing of power between various organs of government, for example, power-sharing by the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. In this type of power-sharing system, different organs of government, at the same level, exercise different powers. Such separation ensures that no organ can exercise unlimited power, so that control can be placed on each other. Vertical Division of Power: It is a power sharing system between governments at various levels. A general government for the entire country, commonly known as the federal government and also known as the state government in India at the provincial or regional levels. In India, we refer to it as central government, state governments, municipalities, gram panchayats etc. The constitution exercises powers of various levels of government. Division of Power among different Social Groups: Power can also be shared between different groups which are socially different like different religious and linguistic groups. ‘Community government’ in Belgium is a good example of this type of power sharing. The system of reserved constituencies in India is another example. Such a system is used to place minority communities in government and administration and to have a fair share of power, which would otherwise feel alienated from the government. Division of Power among Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Movements: In contemporary democracies such a division takes the form of competition between different parties, which in turn ensures that power does not remain in one hand and represents different ideologies and social groups among different political parties. Sometimes such partnership is direct when two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections.
Question 2. State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.
Prudential Reason: Power sharing helps reduce conflicts between different social groups. Therefore, power sharing is necessary to maintain social harmony and peace. In India, seats are reserved for weaker sections of society. Example: Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in jobs and government. This also helps the weaker sections to run the government and uplift the society. Moral Reason: It enhances the spirit of democracy. In a truly democratic system, citizens also have a stake in governance. In India, citizens can come together to debate and criticize government policies and decisions. This, in turn, pressures the government to rethink its policies and rethink its decisions. People have a say in the government and the government is accountable to the people.
Question 3. After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Thomman – Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mathayi – Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.
Ouseph – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.
Answer: Ouseph’s statement is the most logical, and thus, it should be agreed upon. Every society needs to share power in one way or the other, whether it is small or in which there is no social division. A democratic society is one where its members or citizens gain participation in the system through participation. Power sharing not only prevents conflicts between different groups in the society, but it also generates a sense of belonging to them among the society. No single community can make unilateral decisions. It is felt that unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interest of different communities. Power sharing helps in maintaining the balance of power between different institutions and also explains how it is used. It reduces conflicts between different social groups. Regardless of the size of a country or the type of society, people will be more satisfied to have a say in the functioning of the system and in the decision making process.
Question 4. The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate into this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power-sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Answer: No, this measure is not in line with Belgium’s power-sharing system. This arrangement seeks to maintain peace between the French and Dutch speaking communities. By banning the French, the mayor would cause civil unrest. Both languages should be accepted in town schools. Unity of a country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Thus the bilingual education system would be a better way of integrating the people of the city. Such a belief would lead to a mutually acceptable arrangement for sharing power.
Question 5. Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power-sharing offered in this.
“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”
Answer: The rational reason for the power sharing introduced in this route is to provide electricity to panchayats as a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. Panchayats are at the local level, so democracy has deepened in our country. Local people have better ideas and knowledge about local problems. They can understand people’s problems better, thus performing better. The introduction of panchayats has made the country more united and stronger. It has also made administration easier.
Question 6. Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power-sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays decision making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country
Answer : (a)
Explanation: In a democracy political power should be distributed among as many citizens as possible.
Question 7. Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala- speaking majority.
C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, C and D
(b) A, B and D
(c) C and D
(d) B, C and D
Answer: (d) B, C and D
Explanation: The democratically elected government adopted several major measures to establish Sinhalese domination. Sri Lankan Tamils felt that no major political party led by Buddhist Sinhala leaders was sensitive to their language and culture.In Belgium, leaders have realized that unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of various communities and regions.
Question 8. Match List I (forms of power-sharing) with List-II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1||Power shared among different organs of government||Α.||Community government|
|2||Power shared among governments at different levels||Β.||Separation of powers|
|3||Power shared by different social groups||C.||Coalition government|
|4||Power shared by two or more political parties||D.||Federal government|
Question 9. Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:
A. Power sharing is good for democracy.
B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false?
(a)A is true but B is false
(b) Both A and B are true
(c) Both A and B are false
(d) A is false but B is true
Answer: (b) Both A and B are true.
Explanation: There are constitutional and legal systems in which socially weaker sections and women are represented in legislatures and administrations.
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NCERT Solutions For Class 10 History
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(UNDERSTANDING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Political Science
(Democratic Politics – II)
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