NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Democratic Politics – II Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy

NCERT Books Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Challenges to Democracy Class 10 is the first stepping stone for a student in the competitive world. With the introduction of the CBSE Board Exam for class 10 a few years back, this has become an important gateway for a student. Based on the results of class 10th a student selects his future stream of Science, Commerce or Arts suiting his interest.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 8 Challenges to DemocracyTakshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.

Below you can find the NCERT solution for Class 10 Political Science. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Challenges to Democracy”

Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 7 – Outcomes of Democracy


1.How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?


The government can be responsible for formulating and developing various laws and policies, in which citizens can hold the government accountable if those policies and laws are not enforced or organized against the welfare of the citizens.

Government can be responsible when people become insensitive about their aspirations. People can protest, Can conduct campaigns and organize rallies and force the government to respond to them. A democratic government is a legitimate government because it is elected by the citizens and enjoys the trust and confidence of the citizens.


2.What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?


Social diversity can be accommodated by focusing on all communities in the society. Majority and minority communities should be given equal attention. Democracy is not the rule of majority. In democratic countries, both the majority and the minority work together to achieve the progress and development of the nation. It is equally important to understand that majority rule is not expressed in terms of religion or languages. In democracy, any individual or group can become a majority.


3.Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

  1. Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.
  2. Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.
  3. The government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.
  4. In a democracy, all citizens have one vote, which means that there is an absence of any domination and conflict.


a.     Industrialized countries can tolerate democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich – there is no connection between democracy and the wealth of the nation. The economic development of the nation is dependent on resources, policies and government openness to attract investment. If dictatorship can bring wealth to the nation, then countries like Nigeria will all have rich people which is not really the case.b.    Yes, democracy cannot reduce income inequality because there are sectional communities that have different professions. Income equality is not the value of democracy because democracy brings social and political equality. People have the right to vote and can exercise fundamental rights, but income is generated by themselves and it depends on their ability to work.c.     The statement is false. For the development of any country, human resources should be focused on. The country is made up of its people and if the citizens are illiterate, sick and under-aged, the country cannot develop. The Human Development Report itself judges the development of the country’s income as well as the education and health of citizens, therefore, it is important for the country to invest in health and education infrastructure.d.      The statement is partially true. Yes, democracy provides one vote to each of its citizens, although it is not a fool-proof system that does not invite any conflict. Take the example of India, which has diverse migrants. Social divisions in society are reflected in riots, protests and strikes. Therefore, no democracy can end social divisions.


4.Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also, suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:

  1. a) Following a High Court directive, a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for Dalits and non-Dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.


The biggest challenge for democracy in this case is that if such practices continue in the country, there is a danger that discrimination on the basis of caste, color and creed cannot be abolished. If people are involved in such practices, legal action can be taken against them. The constitution clearly states that any form of discrimination will be considered a crime and will be a major threat to the peace of the country. In such cases, serious action should be taken against the people so that the communal harmony of the country is not disturbed.

  1. b) A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India.

Answer: Due to economic inequality in the country, a large number of farmers are committing suicide in various states of India. Farmers in villages grow crops on a small piece of land and if the weather conditions are not stable, the farmer suffers severe losses. He is further unable to repay the loan taken from the lender or bank and becomes nervous about the loan. These cases have increased in the last few years in the country and the poor farmers who are forced to take serious steps like committing suicide. The government should provide cheap fertilizer and seeds to these farmers and provide them with better irrigation methods.


  1. c) Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.

Answer: The charge of killing three civilians in Gandhara in a fake encounter by the Jammu and Kashmir Police raises questions over the state’s police force. The challenge here is to control the power of police and other official officers.


5.In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct – democracies have successfully eliminated:

  1. conflicts among people
  2. economic inequalities among people
  3. differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated
  4. the idea of political inequality


  1. the idea of political inequality


6.In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is odd one out. Democracies need to ensure:

  1. free and fair elections
  2. dignity of the individual
  3. majority rule
  4. equal treatment before law


  1. Majority rule


7.Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that

  1. democracy and development go together.
  2. inequalities exist in democracies.
  3. inequalities do not exist under a dictatorship.
  4. dictatorship is better than democracy.


  1. inequalities exist in democracies.


Book free Demo Class
for CBSE/ICSE  Board Online Tuition Class

Fill the form for more details.


Book free Demo Class
for CBSE/ICSE  Board Online Tuition Class

Fill the form for more details.

Share and Enjoy !

0 0
© 2021-22 Takshila Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Request Callback
close slider
For course & fee related queries, Leave your details and our counsellor will get back to you or Call us at 8800-999-280
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.