NCERT Solutions is known as an extremely helpful resource for preparing for the exam. Takshila Learning provides its learners with access to a wealth of NCERT problems and their solutions. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Civics NCERT Solutions are built by subject matter experts, so be sure to train learners for a good grade. The questions set out in the NCERT Books are prepared in compliance with the requirements of the CBSE.
NCERT Solution For Class 8 Political Science – The Indian Constitution provides us with all-inclusive information on all concepts. As students would have to learn the basics about the subject in class 8, this curriculum for class 8 is comprehensive study material, which explains the concepts in a great way.
- Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
Answer: There are various reasons why a democratic country needs a constitution:1. The basic ideals are mentioned in the Constitution on the basis of citizens desirous of living in our country.2. It explains the fundamental nature of society3. Defining the nature of the country’s political system4. It lays down a set of rules based on which people from different religions and communities can co-exist with each other in peace.
- Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Constitution of Nepal.
|1990 Constitution of Nepal Part 7: Executive||2015 Constitution of Nepal Part 7: Federal Executive|
|Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the Kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in his Majesty and the Council of Ministers||Article 75: Executive Power: The Executive Power of Nepal shall, pursuant to this Constitution and law, be vested in the Council of Ministers|
What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal?
Answer: In Article 35 of the 1990 Constitution of Nepal, the powers to govern the country, set rules and manage the country are vested in the king of the country and the ministers appointed under it.However, Article 5 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal states that the rules, governance and management of the country will be based on the laws mentioned in the constitution of the country under the supervision of the ministers.
- What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?
Answer: In a democracy, the citizens of the country are responsible for electing their leaders. However, there is always the possibility that leaders may misuse their authority and use it for wrong purposes. Therefore the Constitution has provided measures to protect the country against such misuse of powers.
- In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
Answer: There are 10 female teachers who teach in minority schools. It is important to keep in mind the views of women teachers, because despite being a minority, their opinions are of great importance and any decision taken keeping in mind the views of the majority, should not cause inconvenience to women teachers.
(b) In a city, 5 percent of the population are Buddhists.
Answer: Here, the minority city has 5 percent Buddhist population. His views should be respected. Just because they are a minority with different religious beliefs, they should not be disrespected. Any decision should be taken keeping in mind the religious sentiments of the Buddhist population.
(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 percent are vegetarians.
Answer: A minority of 20 percent of the carnivores here, who feed in factory mess. It is important that the food prepared in the factory mess should be prepared for both vegetarian and non-vegetarian.
(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.
Answer: In this case, there are 10 minority students who do not belong to good families. It is important to keep their point of view in mind, as they may not be able to contribute to the various expenses required by the school and should not feel humiliated for the same.
- The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other columns write two sentences, in your own words, on why you think this feature is important:
|Federalism||This is important, because in a country like India, there are people living at different levels and only one level of government cannot control them. Therefore, it is important to form a government for different levels. The Panchayati Raj is responsible for controlling the village, the state government is responsible for controlling the state and the central government is responsible for operating the entire country.|
|Separation of Powers||There are three parts of governance: legislature, executive and judiciary. Each of these organs has different powers and performs different functions. To prevent misuse of power by any one branch of the government, the constitution states that each of these organs should exercise different powers.|
|Fundamental Rights||Fundamental rights are a set of rights that the Constitution provides to every citizen of the country. These rights include right to freedom, right to equality, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational right and right to constitutional remedies. These rights give every citizen of the country the right to be considered equal, equal, not to discriminate on the basis of caste, culture or religion, to get equal educational opportunities and to be equal before the law.|
|Parliamentary Form of Government||A democratic government is one where the citizens of the country have the right to elect their representatives. When the constitution was being enacted, it was ensured that every citizen of the country irrespective of caste, color, creed and religion, would have the right to elect their leaders under universal adult suffrage, where everyone would vote. shall be entitled.|
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NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Subjects
NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Political Science
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Political Science Chapter 1
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