NCERT Solution For Class 8 History, Chapter 3 – Ruling the Countryside

NCERT Solution For Class 8 History Chapter 3 – Ruling the Countryside
NCERT Solution For Class 8 History Chapter 3

Class 8 History, Chapter 3 – Ruling the Countryside

NCERT Solutions is known as an extremely helpful resource for preparing for the exam. Takshila Learning provides its learners with access to a wealth of NCERT problems of class 8 history chapter 3 questions and answers. CBSE Class 8 History, Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside NCERT Solutions are built by subject matter experts, so be sure to train learners for a good grade. The questions set out in the NCERT ruling the countryside class 8 Books are prepared in compliance with the requirements of the CBSE.

NCERT Solution For Class 8 History, Chapter 3 – Ruling the Countryside provides us with all-inclusive information on all concepts. As students would have to learn the basics about the subject in ruling the countryside class 8 notes, this curriculum for class 8 is comprehensive study material, which explains the concepts in a great way.

 

  1. Match the following:
Ryot Village
Mahal Peasant
Nij Cultivation on ryot’s lands
Ryoti Cultivation on planter’s own land

Answer.

Ryot Peasant
Mahal Village
Nij Cultivation on planter’s own land
Ryoti Cultivation on ryot’s land
  1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) Growers of woad in Europe saw __________ as a crop which would provide competition to their earnings.

(b) The demand for indigo increased in late eighteenth-century Britain because of __________.

(c) The international demand for indigo was affected by the discovery of __________.

(d) The Champaran movement was against __________.

Answer.

Answer.

(a) Growers of woad in Europe saw Indigo as a crop which would provide competition to their earnings.

(b) The demand for indigo increased in late eighteenth-century Britain because of the expansion of cotton production.

(c) The international demand for indigo was affected by the discovery of synthetic dyes.

(d) The Champaran movement was against indigo planters.

  1. Describe the main features of the Permanent Settlement.

Answer.

The Permanent Settlement System was the land revenue system introduced in 1793 by the East India Company. Rajas and talukdars were recognized as zamindars for taking rent from farmers and giving revenue to the company. The main features of the permanent settlement system are:a. The amount paid by the zamindars to the company was fixed permanentlyB. Rajas made landlordsC. Whenever they failed to pay the company the landlords lost their right over the landD. The landlords had to pay the company excessive land prices (which they failed.)

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  1. How was the mahalwari system different from the Permanent Settlement?

Answer.

Difference between Mahalwari System and Permanent Settlement are given below:

Mahalwari System Permanent Settlement
Holt Mackenzie devised it and it came into effect in 1822 Permanent Settlement was brought by Lord Cornwallis in 1793
The epicentre of the system was a village There was no such epicentre
Villages were called ‘Mahal’
The estimated revenue of each plot within a village was added up to calculate the revenue that each village (mahal) had to pay The revenue was fixed that each zamindar had to pay to the company
The revenue was to be revised periodically Revenue was fixed
The charge to collect the revenue was on the village headman The charge to collect the revenue was on the village zamindar (rajas/taluqdars)
  1. Give two problems which arose with the new Munro system of fixing revenue.

Answer.

The new Monroe system of fixing revenue gave rise to two problems:a. Revenue demand is too high for farmers to payB. The farmers were unable to pay the rent which was deserted in the village.

  1. Why were ryots reluctant to grow indigo?

Answer.

The riots were reluctant to grow indigo due to the following reasons:a. He was paid a very low price for thisB. No benefit of riots seen from Indigo PlantationC. The ryots were asked by planters to grow indigo on fertile parts of their land which they were apprehensive about.

  1. What were the circumstances which led to the eventual collapse of indigo production in Bengal?

Answer.

The decline of indigo production in Bengal occurred due to the following circumstances:

  1. Raits now refused to produce Indigo
  2. Protests started by farmers / raiyats supported by the zamindars
  3. After the protests, the Indigo Commission was formed by the government which acknowledged the defects of the planters and asked the planters to stop farming.
  4. The planters eventually moved out of the city

 

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