NCERT Solutions is known as an extremely helpful resource for preparing for the exam. Takshila Learning provides its learners with access to a wealth of NCERT problems from trade to territory class 8 pdf and notes and their solutions. CBSE Class 8 History, Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power NCERT Solutions are built by subject matter experts, so be sure to train learners for a good grade. The questions set out in the NCERT Books are prepared in compliance with the requirements of the CBSE.
NCERT Solution For Class 8 History, Chapter 2 – From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power provides us with all-inclusive information on all concepts. As students would have to learn the basics about the subject in class 8 from trade to territory class 8 pdf and notes, this curriculum for class 8 is comprehensive study material, which explains the concepts in a great way.
- Match the following:
|“Tiger of Mysore”||Right to collect land revenue|
|Rani Channamma||Criminal Court|
|Sipahi||Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor|
|Diwani||Right to collect land revenue|
|“Tiger of Mysore”||Tipu Sultan|
|Faujdari Adalat||Criminal Court|
|Rani Channamma||Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor|
- Fill in the blanks:
(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ___________.
(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of ___________.
(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of ___________.
(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ___________ part of India.
(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of Buxar
(b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of Mysore.
(c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of Lapse
(d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the South-western part of India.
- State whether true or false:
(a) The Mughal empire became stronger in the eighteenth century.
(b) The English East India Company was the only European company that traded with India.
(c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.
(d) The British did not introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered.
(a) The Mughal empire became stronger in the eighteenth century – False
(b) The English East India Company was the only European company that traded with India – False
(c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab – True
(d) The British did not introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered – False
- What attracted European trading companies to India?
European trading companies were looking for new lands from where they could buy goods at cheap prices and take them back to Europe to sell at higher prices. The quality of cotton and silk produced in India had a large market in Europe. Spices like chilli, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon were also in great demand. These were the reasons that attracted European trading companies to India.
- What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?
After the first British factory was established in 1651 on the banks of the Hooghly River, the East India Company began to allow its merchants and traders to settle and settle in the city of Bengal. The reasons for the conflict between the Bengal Nawabs and the East India Company were:a. The Nawabs denied the East India Company concessions on several occasions.B. The Nawabs also demanded a big tribute from the companyC. The company refused to pay taxesD. Company officials wrote derogatory letters to Nawabs
- How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?
Civil rights are rights that the British acquired to collect their own revenue and have the right to decide on civil matters. The East India Company benefited from this right in several ways:a. This allowed the company to utilize Bengal’s vast revenue resources.B. East India Company’s monopoly on trade startedC. Bengal’s revenue was used to export Indian goods out of the country.
- Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.
The system of subsidiary coalitions allowed the Indian rulers to leave their armed forces and come under the protection of the East India Company. The following changes occurred after this system came into existence:a. The East India Company became the protectors of the territories that had taken it under the allianceB. An English resident, who served as the personnel of the EIC, was appointed in the region to keep an eye on the ruler.C. Indian regulations were said to not allow any other European companies to do business with them and enter their territoryD. Indian rulers were asked to pay for the subsidiary armed forces of the EIC, due to which that part of the territory was seized by the company
- In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?
The difference in the administration of the company and that of the Indian rulers is given below:
|Company Administration||Indian Rulers Administration|
|The company divided the territories into presidencies||Indian rulers divided the territories into district, pargana, tehsil and parishad|
|Governor ruled the administrative units||Zamindar or Peasants were responsible for their units|
|Governor-General was the head of the state||King or Nawab was the head of the state|
|The introduction of several acts:
||Indian rulers brought no such acts but used to rule with their farmans.|
- Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.
The army of the EIC was known as the Sepoy Army. The main participants of the army were the peasants of India, who were trained by the EIC to become professional soldiers. The major change in the EIC army was with the introduction of the musk at the start of the musk, the matchstick of match to protect them. The company also introduced a similar military culture where soldiers were given European training through drills and other drills.
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