NCERT Solution For Class 8 Geography, Chapter 4 – Agriculture

NCERT Solution For Class 8 Geography Chapter 4 AgricultureClass 8 Geography, Chapter 4 – Agriculture

NCERT Solutions is known as an extremely helpful resource for preparing for the exam. Takshila Learning provides its learners with access to a wealth of NCERT problems and their solutions. CBSE Class 8 Geography, Chapter 4  Agriculture NCERT Solutions are built by subject matter experts, so be sure to train learners for a good grade. The questions set out in the NCERT Books are prepared in compliance with the requirements of the CBSE chapter 4 geography class 8.

NCERT Solution For Class 8 Geography, Chapter 4 – Agriculture provides us with all-inclusive information on all concepts. As students would have to learn the basics about the subject in chapter 4 geography class 8, this curriculum for class 8 is comprehensive study material, which explains the concepts in a great way.


  1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is agriculture?

Answer: Agriculture is a primary activity that includes growing crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers and animal husbandry. Agriculture is a primary activity, as it is associated with the extraction and production of natural resources.


(ii) Name the factors influencing agriculture?

Answer: The factors that influence agriculture include soil, climate, topography, population etc.

(iii) What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?

Answer: Shifting farming is also known as slash-and-burn farming. It is a type of agricultural activity, which involves clearing the land cut by cutting trees and burning them. The ashes are then mixed into the soil and crops are grown. After the fertility of the land is exhausted, it is released. The farmers then move to a new location. Disadvantages of Shifting Farming:• Leads to deforestation• Loss of fertility of a particular land• soil leads to erosion• Burning trees causes air pollution• Inadequate cultivation of crops for a large population.


(iv) What is plantation agriculture?

Answer: Plantation is a type of commercial farming where single crops of tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton are grown. Large amounts of capital and capital are required. The produce can be processed on the farm or in nearby factories. Development of transport network is essential for this type of farming. Major plantations are found in tropical regions of the world. Rubber in Malaysia, coffee in Brazil, tea in India and Sri Lanka are some examples.


(v) Name the fiber crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

Answer: Jute and cotton are fiber crops. The climatic conditions required for the development of jute are high temperature, heavy rainfall and high humidity. Similarly, for growing cotton, high temperature, light rain, strong sunlight is required.

class 8 geography chapter 4 chapter 4 geography  agriculture


  1. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Horticulture means

(a) growing of fruits and vegetables

(b) primitive farming

(c) growing of wheat

Answer: (a) Growing of fruits and vegetables

(ii) Golden fiber refers to

(a) tea

(b) cotton

(c) jute

Answer: (c) Jute

(iii) Leading producers of coffee

(a) Brazil

(b) India

(c) Russia

Answer: (a)Brazil

  1. Give reasons.

(i) In India agriculture is a primary activity.

Answer: Agriculture is a primary activity, as many areas in India have fertile land which is favorable for agriculture. Two-thirds of the Indian population is still dependent on agriculture. The main reason for this is the lack of literacy among the people. Therefore, India is a densely populated country and has to produce food on a large scale to meet the needs of the people.

(ii) Different crops are grown in different regions.

Answer Different crops are grown in different regions, because growing the crops depends on factors such as soil topography, yield demand, climate type, amount of rainfall, technology and labor.


  1. Distinguish between the following.

(i) Primary activities and tertiary activities

Answer: Primary activities are related to the production and extraction of natural resources such as fishing, agriculture, mining, while tertiary activities are those which help primary and secondary sectors to carry out their activities such as transportation, banking, etc.

(ii) Subsistence farming and intensive farming.

Answer: Subsistence farming is a type of farming that a farmer does to meet the needs of his family. Crops are cultivated for personal consumption. This includes technology for a small production and low levels of domestic labor. In intensive subsistence farming, the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple means and more labor. Rice, wheat, maize, pulses and oilseeds are the crops grown in this type of farming.

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