NCERT Solution For Class 7 Civics, Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works

NCERT Solution For Class 7 Civics, Chapter 3 - How the State Government WorksClass 7 Civics, Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works

NCERT Solutions is known as an extremely helpful resource for preparing for the exam. Takshila Learning provides its learners with access to a wealth of NCERT problems and their solutions. CBSE Class 7 Political Science how the state government works NCERT Solutions are built by subject matter experts, so be sure to train learners for a good grade. The questions set out in the NCERT class 7 civics chapter 3

NCERT Solution For Class 7 Civics, Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works provides us with all-inclusive information on all concepts. As students would have to learn the basics about the subject in class 7 civics chapter 3, this curriculum for class 7 is comprehensive study material, which explains the concepts in a great way.


  1. Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

Solution: In accordance with the population, a state is divided into constituencies. For representation in the Legislative Assembly, every constituency elects one representative who shoulders the responsibility of representing his/her constituency at the national level. These representatives are called MLA’s or Member of Legislative Assembly, and are elected through a general election. They could be part of a political party or can also be independent candidates. They also have the additional responsibility of presenting the needs and demands of their constituency at the Legislative Assembly.

  1. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain

Solution: The party which gets the majority votes in the general elections forms the government. As per constitutional norms, the ruling party elects its leader as the Chief Minister of the respective state. Upon the election of a Chief Minister, he/she constitutes a cabinet with members of his/her party included. This is done in consultation with the Governor of the state. Once the MLAs are ordained as ministers through the formation of the cabinet, they are allotted portfolios such as health, law, education etc. Thus they become responsible for the portfolio allotted to him/her.

class 7 civics chapter 3 how the state government works how the state government works  ncert  civics

  1. Why should decisions taken by the Chief Ministers and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Solution: Every decision taken by the Chief Minister and his/her cabinet must be debated upon the Legislative Assembly to ensure that the decision being taken is in the best interest of the common people at large. Also discussed is the level of priority the said decision must be given, the subsequent cost of implementing it and whether such a decision will earn the objections of any particular community.

  1. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussions/actions were taken by the following? Fill in the table.
Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press conference
Chief Minister


Public meeting Condemned the government, carried out protests and put forth their demand
Legislative Assembly Discussed the issue and decided the course of action
Press Conference The health minister presented the plan of action initiated by the Govt
Chief Minister Visited the village of Patalpuram, announced compensation to the affected families, also clarified the future action that will be taken to solve the problem
  1. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

Solution: The core difference between the work done by MLAs in the assembly and the government departments is that every government department is headed by a minister who is also an MIA. The minister approves any work done or proposed by the department. The department is responsible for the completion of the work, while the MLAs coordinate between the Legislative Assembly and the various government machinery that will be involved in the completion of any projects undertaken.


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