NCERT Books Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela Long Walk to Freedom considered as the most scoring subject in Class 10 CBSE. So, a student needs to work on this subject to make good in Class 10 English Exam. It’s very important to build a strong command over the English language. Class 10 forms a stepping stone for a student’s bright future. In this competitive world, it is very important to have good English because effective communication can reach people better. Hence, the English language plays a powerful tool in communication.
Takshila Learning provides you with detailed and well explained NCERT Solutions for Class 10 of each chapter of each subject for NCERT Class 10. These NCERT Solutions help you to easily understand every concept so that you can score high in your CBSE Class 10 Board Exams.
Below you can find the NCERT Solutions for Nelson Mandela Long Walk To Freedom Class 10. You can get a Solution for the all-important question of “Nelson Mandela Long Walk To Freedom Class 10”
Ques 1: Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?
Ans: The ceremonies took place at the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria. Some of the examples of Indian public buildings that are made of sandstones are the Parliament House in New Delhi, the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, the Supreme Court of India in New Delhi, and Madras High Court in Chennai.
Ques 2: Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?
Ans: There was largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non racial government. That’s why 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa.
Ques 3: At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?
Ans: By human disaster, Mandela means to say that colored people have always suffered discrimination from white people. The glorious human achievement that he speaks of at the end is that a black person became the president of the country where the black people are treated badly.
Ques 4: What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Ans: Mandela thank the international leaders because they came to witness his investiture as President since this event could be considered as a common victory for justice , peace and human dignity. Mandela felt privileged to be part host of the nation of the world , because in past South Africans were considered outlaws.
Ques 5: What ideas does he set out for the future of South Africa?
Ans: Mandela set out following ideals for the future of South Africa – poverty alleviation, removal of sufferings of the people. He also set ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.
Oral Comprehension Check
Ques 1: What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?
Ans: The military generals saluted Mandela and pledged their loyality. There attitude towards black totally changed and instead of arresting a black they saluted him.
Ques 2: Why were two national anthems sung?
Ans: On the inauguration day two national anthems were sung, one by whites and the other by blacks. This is equality of black and white.
Ques 3: How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?
Ans: (i) In the first decade of the twentieth century , the white people of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the black people of their own land, thus creating the basis of one of the harshest and most inhumane societies the world had ever known.
(ii) In the last decade of the twentieth century, the previous system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognized the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the skin color.
Ques 4: What does courage mean to Mandela?
Ans: For Mandela courage means victory over fear not absence of fear. According to him brave men need not be fearless but should be able to fight fear.
Ques 5: Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?
Ans: According to Mandela love is natural as it comes more naturally to the human heart than hate.
Oral Comprehension Check
Ques 1: What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?
Ans: The twin obligations that Mandela mentioned are –
- The first is to his family, parents, wife, and children.
- The second obligation is to his people, his community and his country.
Ques 2: What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?
Ans: Like other kids for Mandela also the freedom meant freedom to stay happy and enjoy the blissful life. Once anybody becomes adult then antics of childhood looks like transitory because most of the childish activity is wasteful from an adult’s perspective. Once you are adult then someday you have to earn a livelihood, then only you get an honourable existence in the family and in the society.
Ques 3: Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?
Ans: Mandela does not feel that oppressor is free because according to him an oppressor is a prisoner of hatred, who is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. Furthermore, he feels that both the oppressor and the oppressed are robbed of their humanity.
Thinking about the Text:
Ques 1: Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?
Ans: The presence of a large number of international leaders on the inaugration was a gesture of solidarity from the international community to the idea of the end of apartheid. It signified the triumph of good over bad, the triumph of the idea of a tolerant society without any discrimination.
Ques 2: What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all those African patriots” who had gone before him?
Ans: Mandela wanted to pay tribute to all the people who had sacrificed their lives for the sake of freedom, he feels that he is the sum of all those African patriots who had gone because those heroes of yesterday years had paved the path of co-operation and unity for him. Therefore, he got the support of his people to be able to come to power to bring equality for his own people.
Ques 3: Would you agree that the “depths of oppression” create “heights of character? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?
Ans: Yes, I agree that the “depths of oppression” create “heights of character”. Nelson Mandela justifies this by giving examples of great heroes of South Africa who sacrificed their lives in freedom struggle. India is full of such examples. During our freedom struggle, there was a galaxy of leaders of great characters. Probably the oppression of British rule created so many men of such characters. If we compare this with the quality of political leaders India is having today, then Nelson Mandela seems to be absolutely right.
Ques 4: How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?
Ans: With age, Nelson Mandela realized that he had a lot of responsibilities of his people, his community and his country. As a little boy, Mandela did not have hunger for freedom because he thought that he was born free. He believed that as long as he obeyed his father and abided by the customs of his tribe, he was free in every possible manner. He had certain needs as a teenager and certain needs as a young man. Gradually, he realized that he was selfish during his boyhood. He slowly understood that it is not just his freedom that is being curtailed, but the freedom of all blacks and after attaining this understanding he develops a hunger for the freedom of his people.
Ques 5: How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?
Ans: Mandela realized that it was not just his freedom that was being curtailed, but the freedom of all blacks. The hunger for his own freedom became the hunger for the freedom of people. This desire of a non-racial society transformed him into a virtuous and self-sacrificing man. Thus, he joined the African National Congress and this changed him from a frightened young man into a bold man.
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