National Symbols of India – Animal, Bird, Emblem, Fruit, Flower & more
National Symbols of India : The Republic of India has several official national symbols which depict the country and have been chosen very carefully. The national animal, tiger symbolizes power; the national flower, lotus symbolizes purity; the national tree, banyan symbolizes immortality, the national bird, peacock symbolizes elegance and the national fruit, mango symbolizes the tropical climate of India. Similarly, our national song and national anthem were a source of inspiration during the freedom struggle. The national emblem of India depicts four lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, pride, and confidence.
NATIONAL FLAG – TRICOLOUR
The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor having saffron at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom. The center has a navy blue wheel with twenty -four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is designed by Pingali Venkayya.
NATIONAL EMBLEM – THE LION CAPITAL OF ASHOKA
The national emblem of India is the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath which was officially adopted on 26th January 1950. The motto inscribed on the emblem is in Devanagari Script: “Satyameva jayate” which means Truth Alone Triumphs.
NATIONAL ANTHEM – JANA GANA MANA
The National Anthem of India was composed by Rabindranath Tagore and adopted by the Constitution Assembly on 24th January 1950.
NATIONAL SONG – VANDE MATARAM
Vande Mataram was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. It was adopted as the National song of India in 1950.
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NATIONAL FLOWER – LOTUS
Lotus is the national flower of India which is a symbol of purity as it remains flawless despite growing in mud and water.
NATIONAL FRUIT – MANGO
Mango which is also known as the ‘king of Fruits’ is the National Fruit of India.
NATIONAL RIVER – GANGA
Ganga is the National River of India and it is also the longest river of the country.
NATIONAL TREE – BANYAN
The Indian Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) is the national tree which represents immorality.
NATIONAL BIRD – PEACOCK
Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is the national bird of India which is a symbol of grace & beauty.
NATIONAL ANIMAL – ROYAL BENGAL TIGER
The Royal Bengal tiger is the national animal of India which is a symbol of power.
NATIONAL CALENDAR – SAKA CALENDAR
Saka calendar was introduced as the national calendar by the calendar committee in 1957.
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