Statistics is a technique for gathering, analysing, interpreting, presenting, and organising information. Statistics is used to find out bigger groupings of data providing a broad perspective of concerns, such as scientific, industrial, or social issues.
Statistics is the branch of mathematics that helps in solving problems and presenting data. It is customary to start with a statistical population or model to be researched when applying statistics to a scientific, industrial, or social problem. There are two types of statistics, Descriptive and Inferential.
Descriptive statistics are a means to use tables, graphs, and summary measures to organise, portray, and describe a set of data.
Inferential statistics is a strategy that allows us to make judgements, predictions, or inferences from a population using data from a sample. It allows us to make statements that go beyond what is available in terms of data or information.
Every year on June 29th, the birth anniversary of Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Statistics Day is commemorated to honour his outstanding contribution to the establishment of the National Statistical System.
The purpose of National Statistics Day is to raise youth understanding of the importance of statistics in socio-economicplanning and policymaking. Statistics Day is a day set aside to promote the use of statistics in everyday life and to educate the public about how statistics can assist shape and frame policy.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis (1893-1972)
The father of Indian statistics is Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. He was an Indian statistician and scientist who was born on June 29, 1893. Mahalanobis was born into an intellectual family and received his early education in Calcutta (now Kolkata). He came to England to study physics and mathematics at the University of Cambridge after graduating with honours in physics from Presidency College, Calcutta, in 1912.
His interest in statistics had developed into a serious academic study, and he applied statistical approaches to anthropology, meteorology, and biology problems. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute in Calcutta on December 17, 1931.
The Mahalanobis distance is a metric of comparison between two data sets that he devised. He has made a significant contribution to large-scale surveys. In anthropometry studies and pilot surveys, he was a pioneer.
He worked in the Planning Commission from 1956 to 1961, and for the Second Five Year Plan, he proposed a two-sector input-output model that became known as the Nehru-Mahalanobis model. In December 1931, he established the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Kolkata.
Many major honours were bestowed upon him by India and other countries. Padma Vibhushan (1968),Weldon Memorial Prize from the University of Oxford (1944), and Fellow of the Royal Society of London are among the awards (1945).
Using the random sampling method, he established new procedures for performing large-scale sample surveys, calculating acreages and crop yields.
He also created the ‘Fractile Graphical Analysis’ statistical tool, which is used to compare the socioeconomic status of different groups.
History of National Statistics Day
The first National Statistics Day was held on June 29, 2007. The Government of India has chosen to commemorate Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’ exceptional contribution to economic planning and statistical development by declaring his birthday as “National Statistics Day.”
Because of the travel and safety precautions issued as a result of the global Covid-19 outbreak, Statistics Day (June 29th) will be commemorated digitally this year.
Awards related to National Statistics Day
The Prof. C R Rao and Prof. P V Sukhatme awards, given in alternate years, recognise outstanding contributions for high-quality research work in the field of applied and theoretical statistics that benefits the official statistical system.
Prof. P C Mahalanobis National Award in Official Statistics was established by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in 2019 to recognise excellent accomplishment by official statisticians in the federal government, state governments, and institutions.
Themes in the earlier years
SDG-3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for everyone at all ages) and SDG-5 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) was the theme for 2020. (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls).
It continues with the theme of ‘Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)’ for 2019. The event witnessed the introduction of a revised version of the Report on Sustainable Development Goals-National Indicator Framework (NIF) Progress Report 2020. There was a launch of the Indian Statistical Services Cadre Management Portal. During the ceremony, the recipients of the Prof. P. C. Mahalanobis National Award and the Prof. P. V. Sukhatme Award 2020 were announced.
Takshila learning wholeheartedly acknowledges the themes and the relevance of National Statistics Day. Statistics is an element that is applicable in our day to day life in all the activities and hence is it to be understood with clarity of understanding. The mentors at Takshila learning explain the concept with a lot of examples and illustrations for the benefit of the aspirants.
Takshila learning celebrates National statistics Day for the well-being and harmony of all