National population policy - Significant features of national population 2000
National population policy – Significant features of national population 2000
What is the National population policy 2000?
The National population policy 2000 aims to achieve long-term economic growth, poverty eradication, environmental protection, and high-quality social services. It further aims to strike a balance between population expansion and resource availability and to improve everyone’s productive health at every stage of their lives.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s National Family Planning Program is guided by the principles of the National Population Policy 2000 and oversees its implementation. The service delivery data under this program is triangular, and the program is regularly reviewed through annual review meetings, support check visits, and general review missions.
The Government of India launched the National Population Policy in 2000 to uplift the living standards of the people of India and provide them with equal opportunities to become productive individuals in society. India launched its first program in 1952 to address the need for family planning, thus becoming the first country in the world. The government felt that reproductive health care, which provides primary and secondary education, was a process of making accessible and affordable to all. All this is necessary to build a sustainable development model.
What are national socio-demographic goals formulated by NPP to be achieved by 2010?
It has been decided to achieve the following national socio-demographic targets by 2010:
Meet the unwanted needs of basic reproductive (contraceptive), child health services, supplies, and infrastructure (health workers).
Make school education compulsory and compulsory till the age of 14 and reduce the dropout rate at primary and secondary levels to less than 20 percent for boys and girls.
Reduce the infant mortality rate to less than 30 per thousand births.
Get universal immunization of children against all vaccine-preventable diseases.
Encourage late marriage for girls before the age of 18 and after the age of 20.
Get universal access to information/consultation, fertility regulation, and contraceptive services using a wide range of basket options.
To obtain 80 percent institutional deliveries and 100 percent deliveries of trained persons.
To get 100% registration of birth, death, marriage, and pregnancy.
To prevent and control infectious diseases, especially AIDS and STIs (STIs).
Strictly encourage small family norms.
Integrate the Indian System of Medicine (ISM) into the provision of reproductive and child health services and home delivery.
What are the significant features of NPP 2000?
It reiterates the Government’s decision to place emphasis on the voluntary and informed choice and consent of citizens to maximize the benefits of reproductive health services.
It sets out a policy framework for the Government for the next ten years to improve the reproductive and child health needs of the people of India, including child survival, maternal health, and contraception.
It emphasizes that school education up to the age of 14 should be made compulsory. This will include a plan to prevent drop rates for both boys and girls.
The policy also aims to limit the IMR to less than 30 per 1000 live births.
Maternal mortality should be decreased to less than 100 per 100,000 births. High MMR indicates economic and social inequality of fair sex. It also points to increased inequalities in health care and nutrition.
Another key feature of the policy is to provide universal immunization of all children against preventable diseases.
This policy will work against child marriage and encourage girls to be 20 years of age, the right age for marriage. The legal age for this is 18 years.
The policy targets 80% institutional deliveries and 100% deliveries of actively trained individuals.
It also seeks to achieve 100% registration of births, deaths, marriages, and pregnancies.
It seeks to reach out to families, provide reproductive and child health services, and integrate Indian medical systems.
It seeks to integrate and integrate all the activities in the related social sphere so that the overall family well-being and health can be maintained and properly maintained.
The role of Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH) medical systems in achieving public health goals is highlighted by NPP 2000.
NPP 2000 sought to change the mindset of the people from the grassroots level. Its intense focus on women’s empowerment has improved many national statistics. Although there has been a huge increase in the number of institutional deliveries, there has not been a parallel increase in the number of health care workers.
It puts a lot of pressure on health facilities and authorities, as well as a significant decline in the quality of services. Along with this, there is a huge shortage of medicines, staff and other related items in many places.
The policy document expects India’s population to reach 1,107 million by 2010 if NPP 2000 is fully implemented. In other words, if the TFR is brought to the replacement level by 2010, the absolute population will be less than 55 million.
The document addresses a specific strategic theme for the slum population, the tribal community, the evicted migrants, and the Komaras. In addition, NPP 2000 identified a specific strategic theme for the elderly for their health care and support.
Ironically, the Family Planning (New Welfare) program failed to deliver the desired results, at least until recently. This is due to the deep-rooted attitude of giving preference to a boy, as is usually suggested, and the ignorance of the rural population about birth control techniques. Despite all efforts, there is ample evidence of our ability to prevent population explosions. An estimated 8,000 people join it every day.
According to the Human Development Report (2011), India ranks 134th out of 187 countries in terms of HDI. The HDI ranking is a combination of longevity and health (longevity), education and quality of life.
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