NATIONAL ENGINEER’S DAY – ABOUT MOKSHAGUNDAM VISVESVARAYA
The engineering community across India celebrates National Engineer’s Day on 15th September each year. This year (2020) we are going to celebrate the 52nd anniversary of the engineers and the 15th birth anniversary of Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya.
Engineers play an important role in the development of the country. Engineers Day is celebrated worldwide to remember the contribution of engineers.
From the invention of the wheel to modern drones in ancient history, engineering construction has made significant progress in the advancement of human technology. Countries around the world celebrate Engineer’s Day, and how important engineers are to the development of countries.
Russia celebrates Engineer’s Day on 22 December, Mexico on 1 July, and Italy on 15 June. India celebrates 15 September as National Engineer Day. Born on 15 September 1861 at Mudenahalli village in Karnataka, Mokshagundam appreciates Vishveshwaraya’s contribution.
ABOUT ENGINEER’S DAY
Each person in different cities can celebrate on different days. It is a vast field covering technology, civil, mechanical and computer. That’s why different departments celebrate in different styles. The difference between Onam celebrations can be seen in the public and private sectors. The public sector follows the annual theme, and private companies can follow in their own way. There is no doubt that the economic growth and progress of a country depends on the ability of the engineer to change it. It is important to rejoice at the festival to motivate you to work efficiently for the progress of the country.
WHY ENGINEERS DAY IS CELEBRATED?
It is celebrated to appreciate the great works of Sir MV for the development of various places known as the most developed cities in India. Sir MV is said to be an international hero who can confess his great mind in the use of water resources; after the successful design and construction of several river dams and bridges, the revolution in the Indian irrigation system was achieved with the implementation of drinking water and irrigation systems across India.
Not only engineers, but the whole of India celebrated Engineers’ Day with pride in seeing the many achievements and contributions in the development of India.
DO YOU KNOW ABOUT SIR MOKSHA GUNDAM VISVESVARAYA?
Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in Mudenahalli near Chikballapur. He began his career as the richest economist, civil engineer, politician, dam builder and economist, and was recognized as one of the best national builders of the last century.
Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya served as the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918 and was the chief engineer for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagra Dam in Mysore and the chief designer of the flood protection system in Hyderabad. The Government of India honored him with the Bharat Ratna for his extensive contribution to the community. He also renamed Mysore State as the then popular ‘Model State’. The list of his contributions to the society is endless.
Bharat Ratna Award winner Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya has a Bachelor of Arts (BA) from Madras University and a degree in Civil Engineering from the College of Science, Pune.
According to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI), he is best known for his lecture on ‘Planned Economy, Reconstruction of India’, which was the first to describe the country’s planning efforts and is still considered an original resource for financial planners.
Many faithful river banks and bridges have been successfully designed and constructed in India’s irrigation system by implementing irrigation and drinking water systems across the country.
He later installed an irrigation system with drainage gates at Khadakwasla reservoir near Pune to raise the standard of food supply and storage. It built the Gwalior Tighara Dam and the Krishnaraja Sagar (KRS) Dam in Mysore, which was then Asia’s second largest reservoir.
According to the Institution of Engineers India (IIEI), Visvesvaraya was not only known for his contribution to the field of engineering, but was also known as “the pioneer of economic planning in India”. He is best known for his first lecture on “Planned Economy and Reconstruction for India”, which describes the country’s planning efforts.
In 1915, serving as the Diwan of Mysore, King George V appointed him commander of the British Indian Empire. Received Bharat Ratna in 1955 and became a member of the London Institute of Civil Engineers before he was awarded a fellowship by Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore.
This famous engineer died in 1962 and left the world with his useful contributions. His memorial is in Mudenahalli. It is managed by the loyal National Memorial Trust.
Along with many achievements, Sir MV, who was the Chief Engineer, was also responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Mysore. He was also the Chief Designer of the Flood Protection System in Hyderabad. His efforts were acknowledged by the Government of India. That is why in 1955 he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
In 1915 he was beheaded for the good of the people. King George V elected him Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE).
Sir MV is responsible for the design and patent of automated ware floodgates. They were first established in 1903 at the Khadakwasla Reservoir in Pune. Sir MV later joined the Public Works Department (PWD) in Mumbai and later in Bombay. In general, his regular job in the public works department was rock construction, maintenance of public buildings, and city planning in many major cities.
ABOUT SIR MOKSHA GUNDAM VISVESVARAYA
- He improved the drainage system
- He started the Block System of Irrigation and Water ware Flood Gates in Mumbai.
- He also contributed to railway bridges and water supply projects in Odisha and Bihar.
- He oversaw the construction of the KRS Dam in Mysore, then Asia’s largest dam.
- He served as the Diwan of Mysore and assumed all responsibility for development projects. His tenure saw
- Major changes in agriculture, irrigation, industrialization, education, banking and commerce.
- After proving his excellence in Pune College of Engineering, he was directly (without interview) appointed by
- The Government of Bombay and as an Assistant Engineer in the Public Works Department.
- They built automatic sluice gates, which were later reused for the Tigra dam.
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