National Disaster Response Force (NDRF Raising Day)
FACTS RELATED TO NDRF
- The NDRF was established in 2006 to formulate policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
- This was done in the wake of Orissa Super Cyclone (1999), Gujarat Earthquake (2001) and Indian Ocean Tsunami (2004), emphasizing the need for a comprehensive disaster management plan.
- The Disaster Management Act came into force on 26 December 2005.
- This Act contains legal provisions for the constitution of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF).
- The NDRF was established with 8 battalions with a special response to natural and man-made disasters.
- At present NDRF has 12 battalions (three each of BSF and CRPF and two each of CISF, ITBP and SSB) with 1149 officers per battalion.
- With the notification of NDRF rules on 14 February 2008, the NDRF was formed a dedicated force for disaster response related tasks.
- The first major disaster test of the NDRF took place in the 2008 Kosi floods (Bihar).
- On January 18, 2020, the NDRF celebrated its 15th Rising Day.
- Union Home Minister Nityananda Rai was the chief guest.
- NDRF force established under the Disaster Management Act of 2005.
- Higher committee of the Disaster management in India is the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). The Prime Minister is the chairman of NDMA.
- These NDRF battalions are located in twelve different locations across the country based on a weak profile to reduce response time for deployment.
- The National Disaster Management Authority aims to build a safe and disaster-free India by developing a comprehensive, proactive, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy for disaster management.
- This needs to be achieved through a culture of resistance, mitigation and preparedness to generate immediate and effective response in the event of a disaster.
- The NDRF has demonstrated its effectiveness in a variety of disasters, including drowning cases, building collapses, landslides, catastrophic floods and hurricanes.
- It has saved approx 2 lakhs lives and recovered 2,760 bodies of victims in 73 response operations across the country.
WHAT IS NDRF?
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is an Indian Special Forces formed under the Disaster Management Act 2005 to respond to a catastrophic situation or disaster. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is the higher committee for disaster management in India. The Prime Minister is the Prime Minister of the NDMA.
The State Government is responsible for disaster management in India. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for Disaster Management is the ‘Nodal Ministry’ of the Central Government.
In the event of a ‘serious natural disaster’, the Central Government shall, at the request of the Armed Forces, the Central Paramilitary Forces, the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and such States, provide assistance to the affected State and required communications, air and other assets.
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is under the National Disaster Management Authority. The head of the NDRF was elected Director General. The Director Generals of the NDRF are IPS officers on deputation from Indian police organizations. The Director General wears the uniform and badge of the rank of Army Three Star General.
NDRF is a top-heavy organization consisting of several Inspector Generals (IGs) and Deputy IGs in addition to the Director General.
AIM OF NDRF
The National Disaster Management Authority aims to build a safe and disaster-stricken India by developing a comprehensive, proactive, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy for disaster management. This is to be achieved through a culture of prevention, mitigation and preparedness to generate a quick and efficient response in times of disasters. This is the national vision gap, which aims to develop a culture of preparedness among all stakeholders.
The NDRF has achieved its significance by performing highly skilled rescue and relief operations, regular and intensive training and re-training, familiarization exercises in the area of responsibility of the respective NDRF battalions, mock drills and joint exercises with various stakeholders.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF NDRF:
- NDRF plays an important role in protecting human life and national wealth in disaster response campaigns.
- The country is always at the forefront of dealing with any kind of disaster.
- NDRF is directed to work in coordination with the State Disaster Management Force (SDRF) and to collect information on all resources and equipment available near disaster areas.
- According to a GEOI survey, more than one lakh lives have been saved in the 3100 activities of the NDRF.
Takshila Learning celebrates NDRF Raising Day by removing the disasters like illiteracy and lack of awareness from the minds of the young generation. Takshila learning works on the belief that the people of India should be educated and equipped with the tools of knowledge so that they can be ready for any kinds of challenges in their personal and professional lives.
Takshila Learning rises high to celebrate the day with NDRF and looks forward to a harmonious, safe and secure nation.
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