National Cancer Awareness Day is widely known on 7 November every year to boost awareness about cancer, its treatment and its symptoms in India.When there is abnormal growth of cells in the body, it causes cancer and spreads to other tissues. It can affect any part of the body. Cancer is also called heart disease. Did you know that there are more than a hundred types of cancer including breast cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer and prostate cancer? National Health Awareness Day is being celebrated across the country, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan has announced. In his opinion, it is high time we went into competitive mode against this disease.Do you know that cancer is the second leading cause in the world? There are more than hundred types of cancers but the most common cancers affecting the people of India are lung, breast, cervical, neck, and brain and stomach cancers.
According to the World Health Organization, 17 people die every minute in the world. The World Health Organization has developed a guide for early diagnosis of cancer. There is no doubt that early detection of cancer can effectively reduce cancer-related mortality.
We know that cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in the body. There are many types of cancer, most commonly cancerous organs or tissues. The disease is most prevalent in the world.
HISTORY OF CANCER AWARENESS DAY
This Day is celebrated to highlight the increasing awareness about cancer prevention and the importance of early detection in the general public. The National Cancer Control Program was launched in 1975 to facilitate the treatment of cancer in the country for early prevention and detection of cancer by modifying 1984-85.
National Cancer Awareness Day on 7 November, the birth anniversary of renowned scientist Madame Curie. His work led to the development of nuclear power and radiotherapy to treat cancer.
The Union Health and Family Welfare Minister have said that 7th November will be celebrated every year as National Cancer Awareness Day to create awareness about early detection of cancer and lifestyle. It was announced by Harsh Vardhan in 2014.
Every year 1.1 million new cases are reported in India. Two-thirds of all cancer cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage, reducing patients’ risk of survival. In 2018, tobacco (smoking and non-smoking) was used for 3, 17,928 deaths (approximately) between men and women. In men, mouth and carcinoma account for 25% of cancer deaths and 25% of breast and mouth cancers in women.
A Lancet report suggests that tobacco use is a risk factor for 14 types of cancer. Other causes include alcoholism, drug abuse and poor diet. Unprotected sex is a major risk factor for cervical cancer, the second most common type of cancer in women. Tobacco use and air pollution increase the risk of lung cancer.
As the Health Minister of Delhi in the early 1990s, Drs. Harsh vardhan started the first movement at the state level for cancer control. The minister said that people are encouraged to report for screen genetic screening at government hospitals, CGHS and municipal clinics on a particular day every year. Information sheets were widely circulated to create awareness about preventing cancer and early detection of symptoms.
Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Dr. Harsh vardhan advises that only a small part of the cost of advanced stage diagnosis can be treated in case of early detection of cancer. If people report for screening when the initial symptoms appear, then its death rate decreases significantly.
WHAT IS CANCER?
Cancer is a collection of diseases that produces trillions of cells that initiate uncontrolled growth of cells. We know that human cells grow and form new cells according to the needs of the body. But it does not occur in cancer. In a body, when cancer develops, the cells become abnormal and instead of dying, the old cells survive and survive and develop when new cells are no longer needed. These extra cells divide and develop into tumors.
FACTS ABOUT CANCER
- For every 2 women with breast cancer, one woman dies in India.
- There are over 3,500 tobacco deaths per day in India.
- Tobacco smoking or non-smoking is one of the leading causes of cancer, with 1,17,928 deaths (approximately) in both men and women in 2018.
- An estimated 2.25 million people are diagnosed with cancer.
- Total deaths due to cancer in 2018: – Total: 7, 84, 821, Males: 4, 13,519, Female: 3, 71,302
In 2018, the risk of dying of cancer before the age of 75 is 7.34 percent in men and 6.28 percent in women.
Note: Oral cavity and lung cancer account for 25% of deaths in men and 25% of women have breast and oral cavity cancer.
According to the World Health Organization, around 9.6 million people died of cancer in the world in 2018, of which India accounted for about 8.17%.
According to the Lancet report on cancer, India is the second largest killer after heart disease.
Now, the main concern is that everyone should pay attention to what causes cancer?
Lancet reports that tobacco use is a risk factor for 14 types of cancer. Other causes include alcoholism, drug abuse and poor diet. Unprotected sex is a major risk factor for cervical cancer, the second most common type of cancer in women. Tobacco use and air pollution increase the risk of lung cancer.
SYMPTOMS OF CANCER
In general, there are no specific symptoms of cancer. Therefore, people should undergo proper cancer screening on time. Early detection of cancer has helped in the treatment of many cancers.
Common cancer symptoms include:
- There is a change in intestinal habits, for example, persistent diarrhea.
- Persistent cough or salivary blood represent simple infections such as bronchitis.
- Unexplained anemia (low blood count) and fatal disease may occur.
- Breast mass
- Changes in urination
- Mass in testicles.
- Bleeding in the stool.
Treatment of various types of cancer
- radiation therapy
- hormone therapy
- Targeted Medicine
- stem cell transplant
- Precision Medicine etc.
How can cancer be prevented?
- Early detection and prevention is needed to treat cancer.
- healthy weight
- Nutritious food
- physically active
- Get vaccinated
- Sun protection
- Do not consume tobacco
- Regular inspection etc.
It is a global integration initiative led by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).
We work to raise awareness around the world, improve education, stimulate individual, collective, and government action, and reconnect a world that has saved millions of preventable cancer deaths. Well, life-saving cancer treatment and care is the same for everyone – anyway … no matter where you are or where you live
How CRI Participates
We share the message from the network of our supporters, scientists and lawyers, and argue with the campaign theme “I and I will”.
How you can participate
- Post a private message on social media.
- Brighten up important landmarks in your area with World Cancer Day colors.
- Fundraising for cancer research.
- By translating the content, the information will reach more people.
- Spread the word with op-eds, blog posts, or recorded video messages.
- Donate something.
- Attend or volunteer for World Cancer Day – or host your own event.
World Cancer Day, founded in 2000, is a great movement for all to come together with one voice everywhere to tackle one of our greatest challenges in history.
Hundreds of activities and events take place around the world each year, working online as a powerful reminder of schools, businesses, hospitals, markets, parks, community halls, places of worship, and gathering communities, organizations and individuals on the streets.
Through our creative work, we believe we can reach the goal of reducing the number of premature deaths from cancer and non-communicable diseases by 2030.
Therefore, National Cancer Awareness Day raises awareness about cancer risk across the country and combating the disease and its neglected symptoms and World Cancer Day is observed every year on 4 February to raise awareness about cancer globally.
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