MADRAS DAY (August 22) – HISTORY, CELEBRATION AND FACTS
Madras Day is a celebration composed to recognize the establishing of the city of Madras (presently Chennai) in Tamil Nadu, India. It is commended on August 22 consistently, August 22, 1639 being the broadly concurred date for the acquisition of the town of Madraspatnam or Chennapatnam by East India Company factors Andrew Cogan and Francis Day from Damarla Venkatadri Nayaka, the emissary of the Vijayanagar Empire. The possibility of a Madras Day was first recommended by Chennai-based columnist Vincent D’Souza to history specialist S. Muthiah during a gathering of the trustees of the Chennai Heritage establishment in 2004.
From that point forward, Madras Day festivities have been held each year as a matter of course, its features being shows, addresses, film screenings, and tests. The Madras Day celebration has enrolled a consistent increment in prevalence a seemingly endless amount of time after year. The 2014 and 2015 releases endured through August and stretched out into September too, provoking requests to rename Madras Day as Madras Week, or even Madras Month. There has been a conflict that the deed of procurement was dated 22 July 1639 and not August 22.
MADRAS DAY HISTORY
The primarily recorded festival of the establishing of Madras was its tercentenary recognition in 1939. In contrast to later commemorations, the festivals were authoritatively supported by the British government and an uncommon tercentenary remembrance volume was given with articles on the various parts of Madras city created by driving specialists of the time. A show of pictures, representations, guides, records, and coins was introduced by Diwan Bahadur S. E. Runganadhan, the Vice-Chancellor of Madras University, and a short play composing rivalry was organized.
The 350th commemoration in 1989 was commended with the opening of a dedicatory landmark named “Madras 350” worked in the Classical Style by developer Frankpet Fernandez at the intersection of the Poonamallee High Road and the New Avadi Road. Other significant occasions incorporated the authorizing of a book by S. Muthiah named Madras — The Gracious City by the Murugappa Group which additionally composed the primary Madras Quiz which has proceeded to the present day.
The plan to commend the introduction of the city consistently was conceived when writers Shashi Nair and Vincent D’Souza met S. Muthiah at his home for coffee. It depended on the achievement of another occasion called Mylapore Festival which D’Souza had been arranging each year in January. It was chosen by the trio to begin observing Madras Day from 2004. According to them, the “essential thought process of observing ‘Madras Day’ was to concentrate on the city, its past and its present.” The thought at first began with around five occasions in 2004 however developed step by step. The second version in 2005 had occasions consistently. In 2008, there was a sum of 60 occasions conducted. In 2007, a dedicatory postal spread was discharged by Chief Postmaster-General of Tamil Nadu Circle at capacity at Fort St George as a piece of the Madras Day festivities, in this manner introducing a convention that proceeded through the later editions. The 2010 festivals kept going past a week and expanded well into the next week also. The 375th Madras Day was commended with in excess of a hundred occasions that endured from 10 August to 14 September 2014. However, despite desires despite what might be expected, the Tamil Nadu government divisions didn’t take part in the festivals which they felt “pioneer heritage”. The festivals were esteemed a thundering achievement and the occasions got across the nation inclusion for the first time.
“The Madras Song” was made to honor the event and a site was propelled by The Hindu named friendsofchennai.com for inhabitants of the city to make online petitions voicing their urban grievances. Historian and business person V. Sriram additionally structured a versatile application named Chennai Past Forward for clients to keep in track with the legacy of the city. The 376th Madras Day festivities were greater with occasions being held even in rural areas like Tambaram. Apart from legacy strolls, the 2015 release additionally incorporated a stroll of the L. V. Prasad film studios.
The center was, nonetheless, on reclamation of the Cooum River and an introduction on the history and legacy of the Cooum River was held at the Madras Literary Society by creator Anusha Venkatesh on 15 August. The Cycling Yogis, a Chennai cyclists’ gathering, led a 72 km bike ride alongside the Coovum River on 16 August 2015. The 377th Madras Day festivities were launched in an excellent way by The Hindu Group through their Madras Beats 2016 melody. Formed and performed by Opus g7, a band which was chosen as victor through an opposition coasted by The Hindu, the melody “Endrum Padhinaaru” was propelled on 21 August 2016 and became famous online on social media.
CELEBRATION OF MADRAS DAY
Madras Day centers on the city, its history, its past, and its present, and the center group rouses networks, gatherings, organizations, and grounds in the city to have occasions that praise the city. The festival comprises of occasions, for example, legacy walks, open talks, displays, verse understanding meetings, open exhibitions, food celebrations, and unique projects on a nearby radio. It likewise incorporates challenges, for example, T-shirt planning, narrative film challenge, mixed media introduction for schools, and tests in both Tamil and English. T-shirts to check the occasion are additionally released.
The discussions conveyed to stamp the week-long festivals for the most part include addresses clarifying the legacy and history of the city. There are likewise occasions for the resigned residents where they can post about their life years back on the “Anecdotes about Madras area” on Madras Day’s site and offer their perspectives on how Madras developed into the Chennai of today.
The programs for Madras Day 2015 included heritage walks organized by the Chennai Heritage foundation, quizzes, and competitions for children organized by the British Council, daily lectures organized by the Roja Muthiah Research Library, daily lectures organized by the Press Institute of India, tree walks by the Nizhal Foundation, field trips by the Madras Naturalists’ Society, lectures and exhibitions organized by The C. P. Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation and competitions organized by the Photographic Society of Madras.
STATIC GK/FACTS OF MADRAS
- Presently, it is known as Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu.
- Commonly known by following Names:
– Gateway of South India
– Detroit of South Asia
– India’s Health Capital
– City of Flyovers
– Banking Capital of India
- Chennai was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) list for its rich musical tradition.
- Chennai is one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission.
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