Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers for Statement and Argument & Statement and Conclusion

Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers for Statement and Argument & Statement and Conclusion

Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers for Statement and Argument & Statement and Conclusion

Logical Reasoning forms an important part for all competitive exams like SBI / IBPS PO/Clerk, RBI Grade B, LIC, SSC, Railway and other entrance exams. Questions from this topic are asked in the form of Statement and Argument, Statement and Conclusion, Statement and Assumption, Course of Action, Cause and Effect, Theme Detection etc.

The key to ace this topic is to think rationally, does not assume anything on your own unless and until it is given in the question. Let’s discuss some of the Logical Reasoning questions and answers in detail:

 

Questions and Answers for Statement and Argument & Statement and Conclusion

 

Q1. Statement: “You are hereby appointed as Assistant Manager with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” – A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:

  1. i) The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
  2. ii) Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.
  3. Only assumption I is implicit
  4. Only assumption II is implicit
  5. Either I or II is implicit
  6. Neither I nor II is implicit
  7. Both I and II are implicit

 

Q2. Statement: Should there be a complete ban on use of all types of chemical pesticides in India?

Arguments:

  1. i) No. The pests will destroy all the crops and the farmers will have nothing to harvest.
  2. ii) The chemical pesticides used in agriculture pollute the water underground and this has become a serious health hazard.
  3. Only argument I is strong
  4. Only argument II is strong
  5. Either I or II is strong
  6. Neither I nor II is strong
  7. Both I and II are strong

 

Q3. Statements: Although we have rating agencies like CRISIL, ICRA, there is demand to have a separate rating agency for IT companies to protect investors.

Conclusions:

  1. i) Assessment of financial worth of IT companies calls for separate set of skills, insight and competencies.
  2. ii) Now the investors investing in IT companies will get protection of their investment.
  3. Only conclusion I follow
  4. Only conclusion II follows
  5. Either I or II follows
  6. Neither I nor II follows
  7. Both I and II follow

 

Q4. Statements:

  1. i) Most of the steel producing companies in the country have made considerable profit during the last financial year.
  2. ii) Many Asian countries have been importing huge quantities of steel from India.

Cause and Effect:

  1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
  2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
  3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
  4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
  5. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

 

Q5. Statement: Most of those who study in premier engineering colleges in India migrate to developed nations for better prospects in their professional pursuits.

Courses of Action:

  1. i) All the students joining these colleges should be asked to sign a bond at the time of admission to the effect that they will remain in India at least for ten years after they complete education.
  2. ii) All those students who desire to settle in the developed nations should be asked to pay entire cost of their education which the government subsidises.
  3. Only I follow
  4. Only II follows
  5. Either I or II follows
  6. Neither I nor II follows
  7. Both I and II follow

 

To learn the Logical Reasoning shortcuts……

 

 

Solutions:

S1. (E) The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual’s worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

S2. (E) Clearly, pesticides are meant to prevent the crops from harmful pests. But at the same time, they get washed away with water and contaminate the groundwater. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.

S3. (A) The need for separate rating agency for IT companies clearly indicates that such assessment requires a separate set of skills. So, I follow. However, the statement indicates only the need or demand and neither the future course of action nor its after-effects can be judged. So, II does not follow.

S4. (B) The increase in demand of steel from other countries is bound to enhance business and hence profitability of steel companies in India.

S5. (B) Clearly, no student can be bound to live and work in the country against his wish. So, I does not follow. However, it is quite right to recover the extra benefits awarded to students if they do not serve their own country. So, II follows.

 

 

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