Lifelines of National Economy – Transport – Class 10 Social Science
Class 10 Social Science – When we talk about lifelines of the national economy – Transport is very important. Here we will discuss all types of
What is the transport?
Transport refers to the movement of goods and people from one place to another. There are three modes of transport
• Land including Road, rail and pipeline.
• Water including Inland and ocean.
• Air including domestic and international.
What is communication?
Communication refers to the transfer of ideas, message or information from one place to another. TV-radio, cell phone, newspaper, magazine, and internet are a different mode of communication.
There two types of communication
• Print Media that includes newspaper, magazines etc.
• Electronic media that includes TV, radio, and internet.
What is Harbour?
It refers to the area from where the ship enters the sea. Itis safe from waves and storms
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Nationalism in India
What is Port?
It is a point on the coast which provide various facilities for a ship like anchoring of shi, loading, unloading, berth, cold storage etc. The seaports also help in trade and commerce.
What is hinterland?
The area that serves the port for international trade. For example, Maharashtra, MP, Rajasthan are the hinterland for Mumbai seaport.
What is an express highway?
Express highways are constructed to connect big cities and provide fast traffic from one place to another.
Road Transport and their types
India has one of the largest road networks in the world and the total road length is 2.3 million km.
Types of Road Transport
- Golden Quadrilateral
It is a six-lane superhighway that connects 4 major cities including Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata.
- National Highway
National highways are important roads in India constructed by CPWD. Some of the important national highways are NH1. NH2, NH7 etc. They connect important cities, railway station, port, mining areas etc.
- State Highway
These roadways are constructed by SPWD which connect district headquarters with state capital.
- District Roads
District roads are found in the district areas under rural land. They connect district headquarter with village and blocks,
- Other Roads
Other roads include village roads which are majorly not metalled. Majority of them are constructed by Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana.
- Border Roads
These roads are constructed by Border Road Organization. They are constructed along the border which connects isolated parts with main parts of the country.
It is 150 years old and the first rail was started in theyear 1853 between Mumbai and Thane. Indian railways connect state capital withthe capital of India. It also connects almost all towns, cities, tourist places, mining centers, seaports, airports etc. In India, there are 7000stations with 63000 km long railway tracks.
Railway system has three gauge system including Meter Gauge, Broad Gauge, and Narrow Gauge.
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