Learn Types of conjunctions – Parts Of Speech

Learn Types of conjunctions - Parts Of Speech

Learn Types of conjunctions – Parts of speech

Words are classified into different kinds or groups called Parts of Speech according to their use and function in a sentence. They are Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection. In this article we will discuss in detail the concept of Conjunctions, Types of Conjunctions, and 10 important pairs of Conjunction with examples.

It is an important English grammar topic, concept of which is used in the form of Error detection, Fill in the blanks etc. Let us discuss the concept of Conjunctions with the help of some examples:

 

WHAT ARE CONJUNCTIONS?

Conjunctions are the linking word(s) which connects different phrases, words, clauses or sentences together. Some of the linkers are – and, although, but, as well as, either – or, as – if, etc.Conjunctions are basically used to join two desirable or two undesirable adjectives but, it never joins one desirable and one undesirable adjective.

It is an important English grammar topic, concept of which is used in the form of Error detection, Fill in the blanks etc. Let us discuss the concept of Conjunctions with the help of some examples:

 

E.g., He is dumb and smart. (Incorrect)

He is smart and hard working. (Correct)

 

TYPES OF CONJUNCTION

  1. Co-ordinate Conjunctions: –are used to join clauses/words of equal rank.

E.g. Ram is rich and happy.

He came to meet me but I was not at home.

He is neither my friend nor my relative.

 

  1. Sub-ordinate Conjunctions: –are used to join clauses/words of unequal rank.

E.g. She came because I called her.

Though he is great, he is humble.

 

  1. Correlative Conjunctions: –are conjunctions that are used in pairs.

E.g. She is both glamorous and intelligent.

He is either a doctor or a surgeon.

 

  1. Compound Conjunctions:are the groups of words that are used to connect phrases/clauses.

E.g. He applied for a job in order to help his parents.

As soon as he reaches, I will inform you.

 

Below are the 10 important pairs of Conjunction from which questions are usually asked in all Competitive Exams:

  1. “Both” must be followed by “and”
  2. Not only…….but also
  3. No sooner …….than
  4. Hardly…….when
  5. Scarcely……..when
  6. So…..that/as
  7. As……as
  8. Though……..yet
  9. Lest…..should
  10. Too……..to

 

To learn types of conjunctions, conjunctions list, conjunction examples

 

To help you understand this topic, let’s discuss Conjunction pairs with examples:

  1. Amit is both intelligent and hard working.
  2. Sahil is not only intelligent but also hard working.
  3. No sooner did we reach there than it began to rain.
  4. Hardly had he left the place when the Bomb exploded.
  5. Scarcely had I entered the room when I heard a cry.
  6. It is so cold that we cannot go out.
  7. She is not so gorgeous as you.
  8. He is as smart as you.
  9. Though he worked hard, yet he could not complete the task.
  10. Run fast lest you should miss the train.

 

 

Now to master the concept of Conjunction, let’s discuss the Error Detection questions with solutions:

 

Questions for practice:-

Q1: Both the rich along with (a)/ the poor are affected equally (b)/ when prices of fuel increase (c)/ No error (d).

Q2: No sooner had the hockey match started (a)/ when it began (b)/ to rain (c)/ No error (d).

Q3: Hardly (a)/ did I arrived than (b)/ the bus left (c)/ No error (d).

Q4: Many of the freedom fighters (a)/ are so respectful as Gandhiji (b)/ if not more (c)/ No error (d).

Q5: Keep her at an arm’s length (a)/ lest you would not repent (b)/ in the long run (c)/ No error (d).

Q6: Not only he cheated (a)/ his wife (b)/ but also his parents(c)/ No error (d).

Q7: This problem is so (a)/ complicated for anyone (b)/ to solve it (c)/ No error (d).

Q8: Scarcely had I buy (a)/ the ticket (b)/ when the train left the platform (c)/ No error (d).

Q9: As Amir Khan is a perfectionist (a)/ so he always insists (b)/ on retakes (c)/ No error (d).

Q10: Though the books (a)/ are not useful but (b)/ the students buy them (c)/ No error (d).

 

Solutions:-

Sol 1.Ans: (a) ‘Both’ is followed by ‘and’, so use ‘and’ in place of ‘along with’.

Sol 2.Ans: (b) ‘No sooner’ is followed by ‘than’, so use ‘than’ in place of ‘when’.

Sol 3. Ans: (b) ‘Hardly’ is followed by ‘when’, so use ‘when’ in place of ‘than’ and also here hardly is followed by ‘had’.

Sol 4. Ans: (b) ‘So……as’ is used in Negative sense. So here we use ‘As……as’ instead of ‘So….as’.

Sol 5. Ans: (b) ‘Lest’ is followed by ‘should’, so use ‘should’ in place of ‘would’.

Sol 6. Ans: (a)Put not only after he cheated. It’s a case of Misplaced Conjunction.

Sol 7. Ans: (a) Here ‘So’ is replaced by ‘too’ as the 2nd Subject is mentioned before ‘to’.

Sol 8. Ans: (a)Here did come after scarcely as the verb used is in first form. If had comes than the verb used should be in 3rd form, i.e., bought.

Sol 9. Ans: (b)‘As’ is not followed by ‘so’ while ‘so’ can be followed by ‘As’. So here remove so from the sentence.

Sol 10. Ans: (b) ‘Though’ is followed by ‘yet’. So here replace ‘but’ with ‘yet’.

 

 

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March 7, 2020

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