Minority Rights Day : Importance and History
Minority Rights Day, celebrated every year on 18 December in India, is an important day aimed at promoting, protecting, and protecting the rights of people of linguistic, religious, caste, and ethnic minorities in India. This is an exceptionally important day with the ultimate goal of upliftment and protection of minorities in mind. The Constitution of India gives equal and equitable rights to every group including minorities, and yet some issues remain with respect to the descendants of minorities. By observing Minority Rights Day in India, each state is working on the issues identified and ensuring that the rights of minorities, as well as the minorities themselves, are protected in their area.
The day has been marked by the United Nations since 18 December 1992 to protect the rights of minorities, contributing to nation-building, and ensuring the protection of minorities’ special language, race, religion, culture, and heritage, etc.
There is no doubt that each country has different ethnic, linguistic, and religious minorities. The Constitution of India gives equal rights to all citizens and they have taken many steps to protect the rights of linguistic, ethnic, cultural, and religious minorities. Furthermore, it cares for the economically and socially backward people, including the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, irrespective of their caste, culture, and society.
MEANING OF MINORITY:
UN Special Commissioner Francisco Copretti has given a global definition, which states – “The number of communities living in a nation-state is very small, social, political and economic factors are weak, whose species, religion, language is the majority, but different from creation, development, etc. Culture, heritage, nation. If we make a significant contribution to the preservation of the national language, such communities should be considered a minority in that nation-state. ”
The National Commission for Minorities celebrates Minority Rights Day in India on December 18 every year. This Day marks for religious unity, respect, and better understanding for all minority communities.
Every member of the National Commission for Minorities, including the Chairman and Deputy Chairman, participates in Minority Rights Day in India. On December 18, 1992, the United Nations adopted and disseminated the Declaration on the Personal Rights of Religious, Linguistic, National, or Ethnic Minorities.
The United Nations has declared that the cultural, religious, linguistic, and national identities of minorities will be respected, protected, and respected by states and individuals. It is the responsibility of the State Government to improve the conditions for raising and disseminating awareness about national, linguistic, religious, and cultural identities.
The National Commission for Minorities, on the occasion of Minority Rights Day 2012, described ‘Bharat Minorities’ as a special issue for minorities. Published by the National Commission on Minorities, this publication focuses on the functions, responsibilities, and activities of the Third Constitutional Commission in relation to the National Commission on Minorities.
Minority Rights Day in the Indian context:
In the Constitution of India religion and language are considered as the basis of minority, while 19% of the total population of India belongs to minority communities. This includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Parsis. Although the Jains and the Jews are minorities, they have no constitutional rights.
National Minorities Commission: –
1. The Government of India established the Minorities Commission in 1978 to protect the rights of minorities. Later it was passed into law in 1992 under the National Minorities Commission Act 1992.
2. In January 2007, the UPA government set up the National Minorities Commission under the Ministry of Minority Affairs. It has all the constitutional rights of a civil court. The formation of this commission is important for India because there is no such commission in any country of Europe. Today, many other states in India have State Minorities Commissions.
3. The current (December 18, 2019) National Minorities Commission Chairman is Wajahat Habibullah.
State Minority Commissions have been set up in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. Their offices are also in the state capital.
The functions of the State Commission are to protect and safeguard the interests of the minorities enshrined in the Constitution and the laws enacted by Parliament and the State Legislatures.
In fact, any aggrieved person belonging to a minority community can approach the respective State Minority Commissions to resolve their grievances. When none of the available procedures work, they can also send their representation to the National Commission for Minorities.
Therefore, Minority Rights Day is celebrated in India to raise awareness and focus on the rights of minorities in India.
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOR MINORITIES IN INDIA
The Constitution guarantees equal rights to all or any citizens. The Constitution of India has taken a number of steps to protect the rights of linguistic, ethnic, cultural, and religious minorities; It caters to all those who are economically and socially backward irrespective of caste, culture, and society like Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
1. It affirms that no injustice or inequality is allowed in public employment cases on the basis of language, caste, religion, color, caste or creed.
2. This implies that every citizen of India should have the opportunity for equal and fair service in public services and government offices.
1. Everyone is guaranteed freedom of religion, and every member of a religious, linguistic, or ethnic minority community has the unfettered right to practice their own religion.
2. The state controls only when a religion robs the public of peace.
3. Minorities have the right to practice the religion of their choice and to promote it. State legislation reserves the right to control conversion through temptation, intimidation, or coercion. Such conversion is prohibited because it ignores the freedom of conscience in individuals.
1. Minority groups have the right to establish and manage their own educational institutions of their choice. The State Government cannot discriminate against such educational institutions established by minorities and the Government should provide assistance without bias.
2. Such educational institutions must also have state recognition, however, the state authority of the Department of Education has the power to regulate and regulate all such educational institutions because the right of management does not give such institutions the right of mismanagement.
1. Linguistic, religious, or linguistic minorities have the right to establish and maintain their own educational institutions.
2. People from minority communities have unlimited and unfettered rights to support, support, and protect their culture and religion.
3. This authority imposes restrictions on admission to any educational institution run by private institutions or any institutions aided by the State Government on the basis of language, race, religion, prejudice, impartiality, and discrimination.
Minorities in India are an integral part of the country and contribute equally to the growth and development of the country. He holds senior positions in all fields including government offices, politics, engineering, and civil services. Thus, minorities in India are very safe and their rights are completely safe and secure compared to many other countries around the world. India is a developing country and its people should act judiciously in the matter of majority-minority issues. No person should be adversely affected and should harm each other and this can cause unrest in the country.
How is it celebrated in India?
On the occasion of Minority Rights Day in India, various seminars are being organized to discuss the current situation of minorities. The discussion will also focus on the upliftment of the minorities who oversee development projects. Numerous discussions and awareness campaigns will be organized to make people aware of their minority rights and to make them aware of the government’s minority plans.
In a vast country like India, in order to provide equality and unity among its citizens, minorities must be given special rights as there is a huge gap between the majority and the majority so that they can develop their identity to the maximum. According to this view, our formation and activities contain various articles so that these minorities can compete with the majority. Article 30 (1) of these articles and the National Minority Educational Institutions Act 2004 provide for the establishment of minorities by minorities, to govern educational institutions and to affiliate themselves with Central Universities.
But we see different types of lacunae from the birth of these rights and actions. It has been observed that various aspects of these articles and laws cannot be explained – (1) Is there any right to create educational institutions for minorities, and under what conditions? (2) In relation to Article 30, what must happen as an entity, state, or country to determine the existence of a religious or linguistic minority? (3) To what extent can the rights of aided private minority institutions be restricted? Yet the answers to these questions are not clear in nature. Even the National Minority Educational Institutions Act 2004 defines a minority institution as “established or maintained by an individual or group from among minorities” or a university (except a university).
Therefore, based on the minority identity of the management, an institution should be given minority status, regardless of whether that institution particularly serves the interests of the minority community. It is a well-known fact that most institutions established in the name of minorities do not serve the real interests of minorities, especially the socially and economically weaker sections. Admission of students is based on their monetary power and not on their merit or minority identity. This will further accelerate the process and serve the interests of economic minorities rather than religious-linguistic minorities. Therefore, assistance should be sought from the court to remove this ambiguity in order to produce these articles and to work free from ambiguities and confusions. This is important because the development, equality, and unity of our country depend on these articles and actions.
Takshila learning stands by the rights of the minority and joins the celebration by actively participating in the Minority Day on 18th December. Takshila learning believes in the principle of equality and wants to do away with this kind of treatment of human beings. By celebrating the day we at Takshila learning pledge to arise and awake ourselves and the fellow beings to walk away and stand upright as equally respected people rather than majority or minority.
Takshila learning marks the day for equality of the human fraternity
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