INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY – PROJECT TIGER
“It is said that this is a sign that the place where tigers are growing is healthy.”
International Tiger Day or the World Tiger Day is observed every year on July 29 to promote conservation of the tiger’s natural habitat and raise awareness about tiger conservation. We cannot deny that tigers are the largest species in the cat family and one of the most iconic animals on the planet. Nearly a century ago, more than one million tigers would have roamed the planet. Governments of 1322 countries have set a conservative goal of doubling the number of tigers by 2022. This is the goal of TX2.
Project Tiger was launched in India in 1973 as a unique project to save tigers. Till 1990, the Project Tiger was promoted by Indira Gandhi and her son Rajiv Gandhi. Later many changes were made to the Project Tiger.
According to the WWF, there are 3,900 wild tigers left in the world. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, more than 95 percent of the world’s tiger population has been lost. Across Asia, the agricultural crisis is described as a serious threat to wild tigers.
There are different species of tigers such as Siberian tiger, Bengal tiger, Indochinese tiger, and Malayan tiger and South China tiger. The Bengali tiger is especially found in India and features a very small population in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. The largest number of tiger subspecies is over 2,500. The construction of India’s tiger reserve in the 1970s brought stability to the tiger population. In 2019, the Government of India estimated the tiger population in the country to be 2,967 after a survey of 18 states. According to Tiger Census, released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 July 2019, according to Tiger Census, the tiger population in India has increased from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,967 in 2018.
HISTORY OF WORLD TIGER DAY
The International Tiger Day was launched on July 29, 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia to raise awareness about the declining tiger population, to bring them to the brink of extinction and to promote tiger conservation activities. At the summit, governments in tiger-populated countries announced that they would double the number of tigers by 2020.
Every year, animal organizations such as the WWF, IFW, and the Smithsonian Institution organize a number of events.
The number of tigers is declining due to
Hunting and smuggling: Tigers face the problem of poaching due to the need for traditional Chinese medicine in all parts of the tiger’s body. They maintain high prices in the illegal wildlife trade.
Habitat loss: The number of forests is now declining as the population increases. As a result of deforestation, 93% of the tiger’s natural habitat has been lost due to various reasons, including agriculture and industry.
Climate change: The Royal Bengal tiger habitat will be wiped out as soon as sea levels rise due to climate change.
It is an important factor in many diseases. Many animals die and there is no way to find the cause of their death. Some diseases are contagious, such as feline pneumonia and tuberculosis.A study by the Wildlife Institute of India (RTR) at Ranthambore Tiger Reserve (RTR) shows that the number of tigers in the park has been losing genetic diversity over the years.
Habitat breakdown: Large cats need a safe and comfortable independent habitat, but tigers are at great risk due to numerous development activities in the protected area (PA) area.
– Human-animal conflict also affects large populations of cats.
– Lack of protective infrastructure.
– The daily increase in tourism is also a factor in the decline in the number of tigers.
– Lack of funds for tiger conservation is also a major reason.
Project Tiger is a tiger conservation project which was launched by the Government of India in April 1973 during the rule of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. As the Bengal tiger is the national animal of India, the objective of this Project Tiger is to prevent and increase the decline of big cats. The project Tiger aims at ensuring the habitat of Bengal tigers in their natural habitat, protecting them from extinction, and protecting biologically important areas as the country’s tiger distribution has always represented diversity of habitat. To reduce human-tiger conflict, the government deployed tiger conservation forces to combat poachers and relocate villagers.
Project Tiger’s main aims are:
- To reduce factors that lead to the depletion of tiger habitats and to mitigate them by suitable management. The damages done to the habitat shall be rectified so to facilitate the recovery of the ecosystem to the maximum possible extent.
- To ensure a viable tiger population for economic, scientific, cultural, aesthetic and ecological values.
SOME INTERESTINGS FACTS ON TIGER
- Currently, there are 13 countries where tigers roam naturally: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
- Tigers are the largest cat species in the world and the third largest carnivore on land; only polar and brown bears are large. The Siberian tiger (the largest subspecies) weighs up to 660 pounds.
At high speeds, tigers can travel at speeds up to 40 mph.
- The tiger is always at the forefront. Their turf can be as large as 386 square miles or as large as 1000 square kilometers.
- They hunt small vegetarian animals, thus maintaining a balance between vegetarian animals and the plants they feed.
- Unlike most big cats, tigers are strong swimmers. Not only do they swim, they swim long distances to hunt or cross rivers. Young tigers often play in the water, while adults rest in streams or lakes and remain calm during the day.
- Tigers are the only fully striped cat species. When shaved, they have a streak of hair on their skin.
While other cats are meowing, tigers are meowing. The tiger howls, howls, exploits, and mourns at the sound of the tiger.
HOW IS WORLD TIGER DAY CELEBRATED?
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the number of wild tigers has decreased by 95%. There are now an estimated 3,900 wild tigers.
Each tiger has unique stripes – such as a fingerprint – that help us identify individuals in the wild. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the number of wild tigers has decreased by 95%. Sadly, America has more tigers than wild animals. The tiger is under threat by the IUCN.
The adoption of animals is a major stimulus in the work that WWF does. They help fund projects to monitor tiger movement, reduce poaching and help people understand the benefits of being close to wild tigers – as well as support our other important activities around the world Huh.
What are you looking for in the WWF to help with this amazing organization and their efforts to save this amazing animal?
Of course, adopting a tiger is not the only way you can help on this date. There are many other things that you can do. For example, you can raise money for a tiger donation. In addition, raising awareness is important. You can go on social media to ensure that your friends, followers and family are aware of the various dangers facing tigers.
Many people are not aware of these dangers, so the spread of knowledge will help to ensure that we all do our best to ensure that the future of the tiger is effective. There will be lots of videos, infographics and interesting content that you can share with others.
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