INTERNATIONAL NURSES DAY 2020 – MAY 12
International Nurses Day (IND) is celebrated around the world since 1965 on 12 May as it is the anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, to thank nurses for the contributions made by them to the society. Nurses play a critical role in health promotion, disease prevention and delivering primary and community care, and care in emergency settings.
Florence Nightingale was an important figure in nursing during the Crimean War. She was stationed at a hospital where she imposed strict standards of care and ensured that the wards were kept clean and well stocked with food and medical supplies.She also opened the Nightingale School of Nursing at St. Thomas’ Hospital in London in 1860. She also became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of “The Lady with the Lamp”. Her contributions include improving healthcare for all sections of British society and advocating better hunger relief in India.She also helped to abolish prostitution laws that were over-harsh to women, and expanded the acceptable forms of female participation in the workforce. She was a prodigious and versatile writer. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with religion and mysticism and medical knowledge.
In 1953, president Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed a “Nurses’ Day” but Dorothy Sutherland, an official with the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare did not approve it.
However, in January 1974, 12 May, it was decided to celebrate this day as the International Nurses Day (IND)in an honor of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing.As of 1998, 8 May was designated as annual National Student Nurses’ Day.
This day is celebrated internationally.
Each year, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) prepares and distributes the International Nurses’ Day Kit which contains educational and public information materials, for use by nurses everywhere. Nurses care for others at their most difficult times. International Nurses is referred to as National Nurses Week.
In Australia, various nursing ceremonies are conducted during the Nurses week. In China, nurses in Chinese hospitals recite the Florence Nightingale Pledge. In Ireland, digital platforms such as Twitter and Facebook are used to promote the great work nurses do. On these platforms, public leave their positive comments about the nurses. In United Kingdom, a symbolic lamp is taken from the Nurses’ Chapel in the Abbey and handed from one nurse to another, then to the Dean, who places it on the High Altar. This lamp signifies the passing of knowledge from one nurse to another. In Singapore, this day is celebrated on 1 August. 1 August 1885 marks the beginning of the development of nursing in Singapore whenFrench nuns were trained to become nurses to fulfil this need, as they were seen as the only educated European women in Singapore. In India, the National Florence Nightingale Awards were given to 35 nursing professionals by the president of India on International Nurses Day.
NURSES DAY THEME – 2020
For the year 2020, the International Council of Nurses has set the International Nurses Day theme 2020 as “nursing the world to health’’.This year, 2020 has been designated the Year of the Nurse and Midwife as it coinciding with the 200th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth.The ICN is planning and coordinating a wide range of activities to encourage nurses and the public to celebrate the big day. Annette Kennedy, president of ICN said that nurses are working tirelessly to provide the care and attention people need and that nurses are making invaluable contribution to the health of people globally.She also said nurses need to be involved in health policy.
Nurses and midwives constitute nearly 50% of global healthworkforce.
The world will need an additional 9 million nurses and midwives by the year 2030 to reach Sustainable Development Goal 3 on health and well-being as there are the largest shortages of nurses and midwives in South East Asia and Africa.Nurses play a central part in public health and controlling disease and infection. It includes the promotion of health, the prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. They help to meet the health care needs of various population groups in a variety of community settings in the country.Nurses communicate with physicians, nutritionists, physiotherapists, patients and families through body language, touch, listening, writing, reading and if necessary, by speaking. Although, nurses are generally respected and trusted in most parts of the world, this is not necessarily true in all parts of the societies.In Saudi Arabia, nursing is viewed as a low level of profession.Nurses’ opinions are not listened although they carry a great deal of responsibility.
ROLE OF A NURSE
In the recent event of outbreaks of infectious disease – corona, the role of the nurse changes to adapt to the needs of the patient, their families, and the hospital. They are giving their 100% to decrease the spread of the disease.Patients have to be carefully monitored. Nurses have been providedtraining regarding symptoms as there are no effective medications available to treat the same. All confirmed and probable cases are look after bynurses. Nurses spend the most time in interaction with patients among all the health professions. Patients look to nurses for any information as theyare the main source of about the disease.
Nurses are role models in the hospitals as nurses also tend to set the professional standards for the unit, bringing a sense of calm or panic, depending on their own feelings and comfort.
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Important tags : International Nurses Day 2020 / International Nurses Day / Nurses Day / Role of a Nurse / May 12 / Florence Nightingale / International Council Of Nurses / Nurses Day Theme
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