The Kargil War began on May 3, 1999 and ended on July 26, 1999, with India winning. The Kargil War is also known as the Kargil conflict.
India will mark Kargil Victory Day in remembrance of victory over Pakistan in the battle over Kargil on the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. The war ended when India took control of all the territories it had previously occupied, so the situation was restored.
With the help of the Indian Air Force (IAF), the Indian Army has recaptured the Kargil snow cover in the Ladakh sector for 20 years.
India will mark Kargil Victory Day in remembrance of victory over Pakistan in the battle over Kargil on the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.
THREE PHASES OF KARGIL WAR:
The Kargil War had three phases –
- The fight between India and the Pakistani military to control NH1,
- seize strategic locations,
- Identify and respond to Pakistani intrusions.
HISTORY OF KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS:
After the successful development and testing of nuclear weapons by both countries in 1999, the Lahore Agreement came under intense stress. Both countries have agreed to settle the Kashmir issue in a peaceful manner.
However, since the winter of 1998, Pakistani troops have infiltrated the Indian Line of Control (Line of Control) under Operation Badr, cutting off Indian troops in Siachen and forcing them to retreat. Pakistani troops were able to occupy an area of 130 to 200 square kilometers before India responded with Operation Vijay.
The great Operation Vijay mobilized 200,000 Indian soldiers, removed all previously lost positions and forced Pakistani troops to arrive early and finally in battle. Kargil is a prime example of a confrontation between two nuclear powers in a conventional war.
Finally, the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif was able to diplomatically intervene in the US.
Did you know that Kargil was the first war to be fought and fought for two months?
We know that India and Pakistan have fought three wars since independence in 1947, but all these wars are, without a doubt, one war that has always been in recent memory, and that is the Kargil War. There was loss of life and property on both sides.
7 AMAZING FACTS ABOUT KARGIL VIJAY DIVAS
1. Kargil War was fought in Kargil-Dras region of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistani army sent forces in the name of winter intruders to occupy the area. Their main objective was to transform relations between Ladakh and Kashmir and to create tension on the Indian border. At that time the intruders were at the top, while the Indians were at the bottom, so we can tell you that they were easy to attack. Finally, a war broke out between the two countries. The Pakistani Army has crossed the LOC and is a LOC. Entered into India controlled territory.
Do you know that Kargil was a part of Baltistan district of Ladakh before the partition of India and separated from the LOC after the First Kashmir War (1947–1948)?
2. Pakistan started the war on 3 May 1999, infiltrating the rocky highlands of Kargil with 5,000 soldiers. After receiving information about the Indian government, the Indian Army started Operation Vijay” to bring back the intruders who had fraudulently invaded Indian Territory.
Before the Kargil War of 1971, India and Pakistan fought a war, thus forming a separate nation, Bangladesh.
3. Do you know the situation before the Kargil War? In the winter of 1998–1999, the Pakistani army began sending troops to Kargil with the aim of secretly claiming the Siachen Glacier. Moreover, the Pakistani military said they were not mujahideen, but Pakistani soldiers. Pakistan had sought international attention in the dispute to put pressure on the Indian military to withdraw troops from the Siachen Glacier region and force India into the Kashmir dispute.
4. The story behind the war: There have been many military conflicts since the Indo-Pak war of 1971. In 1998, both countries conducted nuclear tests. To calm the situation in February 1999, the two countries signed the Lahore Declaration, promising a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.
5. However, when the Pakistani Armed Forces started sending their troops and paramilitary forces across the Line of Control, the infiltration was named “Operation Badr”. Do you know that its main objective was to sever ties between Kashmir and Ladakh and recall the Indian Army from the Siachen glaciers? At the same time, Pakistan believed that creating tension in the region would make the Kashmir issue an international issue.
The Kargil War was a war between two nuclear nations.
6. The Indian Air Force also used MiG-27s and MiG-29s against Pakistani troops. With the help of MiG-29, several bases in Pakistan were attacked with R-77 missiles. Additionally, the Air Force’s MiG-21 and Mirage 2000 were widely used in Operation Safe Sagar during this war.
7. Many rockets and bombs were used in this battle. Two thousand fifty thousand bombs were applied. Three hundred mortars, artillery and rockets were also used to launch 5,000 bombs. Every 17 days of the fight there was one round shot every minute. It is said to have been the only war of its kind since World War II, when large-scale bombings were carried out against enemy forces. In the end, India won by a landslide.
It is not wrong to say that war is never good. This cause a lot of damage on both sides, and thousands of soldiers are martyred. India is a peace loving country that does not believe in war. The Indian Army always protected the country from foreign forces, sacrificed and took pride for the motherland.
For the sacrifice and honor of 527 martyrs and many others who fought in this war for our country, Kargil will organize a relay from Vijay Jwala’s capital New Delhi, for the armed forces athlete and hero Kargil-Dras region. After passing through 11 cities and towns, the flames of victory reach the Kargil War Memorial.
President Ram Nath Kovind, Chief of Army Staff General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force will make further wreaths to get the flame of victory in the Kargil-Dras region. A flypost of the Indian Air Force will also be flown during the ceremony.
WHAT IS OPERATION BADR?
Operation Badr was a code name for the Pakistani armed forces infiltration into Indian Territory in 1999. The code name was intended to strengthen relations between Kashmir and Ladakh, forcing India to resolve the Kashmir dispute. Initially, Pakistan accused the Kashmiri rebels of the attack, but documentary evidence of the victims proved the Pakistani military’s direct involvement in the attack.
The Lahore Declaration was signed in February 1999 by former Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif. There was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan in Kargil and the Line of Control (LoC).
The purpose of a meeting between the two leaders was originally to ease the Kashmir conflict. However, the problem worsened after the Kargil war.
HOW INDIA CELEBRATES THE TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF KARGIL VICTORY DAY
To commemorate and honor the sacrifices made by the 527 martyrs and many others who fought in this war for our country, the Armed Forces and Heroes will relay from the Kargil Victory Flame Capital New Delhi to the Kargil-Dras region. After passing through 11 cities and towns, Vijay Jyoti will arrive at the Kargil War Memorial.
President Ram Nath Kovind, Army Chief General Bipin Rawat, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force Chiefs will attend the Vijay Jyoti reception and wreath ceremony in the Kargil-Dras region. A flypost of the Indian Air Force will also be flown at the event.
In a special tribute to the Kargil war heroes and Soldiers in the army, renowned chef Sanjeev Kapoor and his team will prepare ‘Thiranga Kheer’ at ‘Badkhana’ (Grand Dinner) for the families of the martyrs on Thursday.
The ‘Mission Taste of Kargil’ will host a dinner for 500 people, which includes martyr’s kin, soldiers, soldiers, ‘Veer Nari’ (widows of martyrs) and brave prizes. On Friday, Kargil advanced to Victory Day.
Meanwhile, Kargil will be performing on more than 500 screens to promote nationalism in Maharashtra by organizing special events of the Bollywood film Uri: The Surgical Strike on Vijay Diwas.
The decision to hold the special show was taken on Wednesday in a meeting between cinema theater owners and Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis.
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