English Quiz for Competitive Exam – Contains 5 Questions on Cloze test and 5 Questions on Reading comprehension and both the topics are important for competitive exams like SSC, Railway, Banking and insurance exams. Try to attempt this quiz in a time bound manner not taking more than 5-7 minutes in solving it.
Directions (1-5): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.
Stanford economist Nicholas Bloom is a true believer, and like many true believers, he lets his message __ (1) __ his evidence. Based on a single study of a Chinese travel agency, he __ (2) __ declares working from home a “future-looking technology” with “enormous potential.” Not so fast. Bloom’s study comes with serious limitations and is contradicted by a later Gallup report. However, while it is far too soon to draw broad __ (3) __ from his findings, savvy business leaders can read between the lines and extract some valuable lessons for working ___ (4) ___ with all employees. Bloom __ (5) __ on China’s biggest travel agency, which wanted to expand while controlling office space costs.
Q1. (a) Cut
Q2. (a) Fast
Q3. (a) Resulting
Q4. (a) Optimally
Q5. (a) Emphasizing
Direction (6-10): Read the passage carefully then answer the questions given below.
People have long circulated news via word-of-mouth, and as language evolved into writing and literacy – and governments played larger roles in people’s lives – sharing information became a necessity. However, disseminating news and information on paper presented significant challenges. When each copy had to be handwritten, mass distribution was impossible. They were first chiseled in stone or metal; later, they were handwritten and distributed in public forums or read from scrolls by town criers. Though ancient Romans and Chinese – as well as other ancient civilizations – had early forms of news media, they do not qualify as newspapers because they could not be mass-distributed. The first true newspapers arrived after Johannes Gutenberg introduced his movable type printing press to the European world around 1440. Though printing presses with movable type had existed in eastern Asia for around two centuries, they never made it to Europe; furthermore, Gutenberg’s versions made it significantly faster to mass produce documents. By 1500, the printing press had made its way throughout Europe, and news sheets (or news books) were mass-distributed.
The first weekly newspaper was published in Germany by Johann Carolus in 1604. Called Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien, the publication satisfied the four tenets of a “true” newspaper: Accessibility by the public, Published at a regular interval (daily, weekly, monthly, etc.) ,Information is current ,Covers a variety of topics (politics, events, entertainment, sports, etc.) Despite meeting the requirements for a newspaper, there is some debate as to whether The Relation qualifies as the world’s first newspaper since it was printed in quarto, not folio, size. It’s worth noting the World Association of Newspapers considers The Relation the first true newspaper.’ Other German newspapers followed, and in 1618 the world’s first broadsheet newspaper printed in folio size was published in Amsterdam, called Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. The newspaper format soon spread throughout Europe, with newspapers published in Spain, France, and Sweden. The first English newspaper was published in 1665 in Oxford, England. Known as the Oxford Gazette, the newspaper moved to London in 1666 and was renamed the London Gazette. It’s still being published today. Soon after, the newspaper became a staple in all major European countries. It then made its way to the New World.
Q6. Which of the following options is satisfying the condition for being a tenant of a “true newspaper”?
(a) A newspaper which is accessible to only Asian readers.
(b) A newspaper which was published once in a month.
(c) A newspaper which was printed in quarto, not folio, size
(d) A newspaper which covers historic developments leading to various events.
(e) A newspaper which is printed in press and is not handwritten.
Q7. Which of the following options is false according to the passage?
(a) The relation was not the first newspaper as it did not meet all the required conditions.
(b) Information on paper was only possible after the introduction of press.
(c) The concept of newspaper was rejected in Europe earlier.
(d) London Gazette is the first newspaper to be published in the multiple languages.
(e) All are incorrect
Q8. What paved the way for the “true newspapers”?
(a) The world’s first broadsheet newspaper printed in folio size
(b) The invention of the printing press paved the way for “true” newspapers.
(c) The technology which allowed it to be printed in multiple languages.
(d) As the Governments started playing a larger role in people’s lives
(e) None of these.
Q9. Which of the following statement is true regarding newspapers?
(a) The first weekly newspaper was published in Germany by Johann Carolus in 1904.
(b) The Relation qualifies as the world’s first newspaper since it was printed in folio, not quarto.
(c) The first English newspaper was published in 1695 in Oxford, England known as the Oxford Gazette.
(d) The world’s first broadsheet newspaper printed in quarto size was published in Amsterdam, called Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, & c.
(e) The first English newspaper known as the Oxford Gazette, was renamed the London Gazette later.
Q10. Choose the word which is most nearly the SIMILAR in meaning to the word ‘disseminating’ printed in bold as used in the passage.
Sol 1. (b)
Sol 2. (c)
Sol 3. (a)
Sol 4. (e)
Sol 5. (d)
Sol 6. (b)
Sol 7. (e)
Sol 8. (b)
Sol 9. (e)
Sol 10. (e)
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