English Quiz Cloze Test and Error Detection for Competitive Exams : Part – 8

English quiz for competitive exams
English Quiz for Competitive Exams : Part – 8

English Quiz Cloze Test and Error Detection for Competitive Exams : Part – 8


The major central banks’ ..(1)..negligent pursuit of positive but low inflation has become a dangerous ..(2)..delusion. It is dangerous because the policies needed to achieve the objective could have unwanted side effects; and it is a delusion because there is currently no good reason to be pursuing the objective in the first place.
In the 1970s, when inflation in the advanced economies rose sharply, central banks rightly ..(3)..adhere it. The lesson central bankers took from that battle was that low inflation is a necessary condition for sustained growth. But, subtly and over time, this lesson has ..(4)..morphed into a belief that low inflation is also a sufficient condition for sustained growth.
That change may have been due to the benign economic conditions that accompanied the period of disinflation from the late 1980s to 2007, commonly ..(5)..suppress to as the “Great Moderation.” For central bankers, it was comforting to believe that they had reduced inflation by controlling demand, and that their policies had many beneficial side effects for the economy. After all, this was the demand-oriented ..(6).. refrain they had used to justify tight money to begin with.
But then the world changed. From the late 1980s onward, low inflation was largely due to positive supply-side shocks – such as the Baby Boomer-fueled expansion of the labor force and the..(7)..hostility of many emerging countries into the global trading system. These forces boosted growth while lowering inflation. And monetary policy, far from restricting demand, was generally focused on preventing below-target inflation.
As we now know, that led to a period of easy monetary conditions, which, together with financial deregulation and technological developments, ..(8)..sowed the seeds of the 2007 financial crisis and the ensuing recession. The fundamental analytical error then – as it still is today – was a failure to ..(9)..degrade between alternative sources of disinflation.
The end of the Great ..(10)..indulgence should have disabused policymakers of their belief that low inflation guarantees future economic stability. If anything, the opposite has been true. Having doubled down on their inflation targets, central banks have had to rely on an unprecedented array of untested policy instruments to achieve their goals.

  1. 1) breach
    2) antagonization
    3) vigilant
    4) impulsive
    5) No correction required.

2.1) discreet
   2) sure fire
   3) withdrawal
   4) humble
    5) No correction required.

3.1) attentive
   2) intensity
   3) conviction
   4) resisted
   5) Nocorrection required.

4.  1) authoritativeness
     2) outrageousness
     3) credence
     4) dogmatism
     5) No correction required.

5. 1) staunchness
    2) referred

    3) discussed
    4) assent
    5) No correction required.

6.  1) narrative
     2) steadiness
     3) acquiesce
     4) wildness
     5)No correction required.

7.  1) debase
     2) alienation
     3) integration
     4) inhibit
     5)No correction required.

8.  1) inevitability
     2) knuckle
     3) bidding
     4) belittle
     5)No correction required.

9. 1) accede
    2) disunity
    3) forbear
    4) distinguish
    5) Nocorrection required.

 10. 1) prevent
       2) withholding
       3) schism
       4) Moderation
       5) No correction required.


1.Many a citizen’s life is in danger (A) / if the authorities don’t take (B) / any serious action to (C) / curb degradation of environment. (D) / No error (E).

2.My brother (A) / has read (B) / pages after pages (C) / of the Mahabharata (D) / No error (E).

3. He went to (A) / the temple with (B) / his family, aunts (C) / and cousin sisters (D) / No error (E).

4. She (A) / takes pains (B) / over her (C) / work (D) / No error (E).

5. Teacher told (A) / students that (B) / radiuses of a circle (C) / are always equal (D) / No error (E).

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Cloze Test

1) 3
2) 5
3) 4
4) 5
5) 2
6) 1
7) 3
8) 5
9) 4
10) 4

Error Detection

2) ( C ) ‘ page after page ‘ should be used in place of ‘ pages after pages ‘
3) ( D ) ‘ cousins ’ should be used in the place of ‘ cousin sisters ‘
4) ( B ) ‘ take pains ‘ is the correct idiomatic phrase.
5) ( C ) ‘ Radii ‘ ( not radiuses ) is the plural form of Radius.

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