Does Indian Education System Need Improvements ?

Does the Indian Education System Need Improvements?

What is Education?

According to a formal education system, education is only knowledge of basic academics. Getting good marks in a paper on a so-called Marksheet will make you highly educated. Today’s Education system focuses on the collection of knowledge with no clear purpose or idea where it will be used and how it will be beneficial in our future at our workplace. A student who does not have the ability to put clear thoughts on paper is usually labeled as a failure.

Basically, Education is an Experience which we learn throughout our lives and is not just limited to academic learning.

Imam Ghazali, a known philosopher and spiritual leader from ancient Iran once said that education is a process which enables an individual to distinguish between the true and the false, the good and bad, the right conduct and the evil-doing. Education is to bring up, to develop and shape up the individual talent and his inner potentialities.

Our Education system should be custom designed after analyzing the inbuild abilities/talent of every student and help them in enhancing their skills.



History of Indian education has its roots to the ancient Gurukul system – It is a system where the students resided in the house of their own teacher until the teacher felt that he has imparted all know that he/she could. Education in ancient India was based on ‘Vedas’. Education during the Vedic age was a journey from mortality to immortality.



Modern education divided into following parts in India:-

Primary Education

Primary and Middle (lower primary (Grade 1st to 5th) and upper primary (Grade 6th to 8th)) education is compulsory and free in India. Primary education begins at age 5 with Middle/Upper Primary school education ending at age 14year. Schooling is offered at state-run and private schools. The regional language is the medium of instruction for most primary schools and English as a second language generally begins in grade 1.


Secondary Education

Secondary education starts in grade 9th and lasts until grade 12th. Education continues to be free at government schools, although private education is more common at the secondary level. General curriculum for a lower secondary school in India consists of three languages (including the regional language, an elective, and English language), Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Sciences, Work/Pre-Vocational Education, Art, and Physical Education. Secondary schools are affiliated with Central or State boards which administer the Secondary School Certificate at the end of grade 10th.


Vocational Education

Young students who do not interested to go on to tertiary education, or who fail to complete secondary school often enrol at privately-owned vocational schools, which specialize in some courses. The curriculum cover in vocational education is the language course, foundation courses, and electives, of which half of the electives are practical in nature. This type of education focuses more on practical rather than theoretical knowledge. Examinations at the end of vocational education are conducted by the All India and State Boards of Vocational Education.


Tertiary Education

Tertiary Education Cover All Degree or Post Graduation Courses. India’s higher education system is highly centralized and undergoing large changes since its inception in 1947.

University education (Degree Courses) is overseen by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which is responsible for the development of higher education, allocating funds, and recognition of institutions in India.

The All-India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) was also established to oversee quality control of technical education and regulate the establishment of new private professional colleges.

There are various types of tertiary institutions in India, namely Universities (Central wise, State-wise, Open), Universities of National Importance, and Deemed universities.



1) 50% of Students do not even have access to proper education, and only a minimum number of students can go to university.

– Lack of quality education for the poor students

– Limited seats in Universities/Schools.

2) Everything is about memorization, leading to behavior which encourages overcrowd and forgetting rather than required learning.

3) A standardized examination is determines everything, and aptitude or intelligence of students is not recognized outside this format.

4) Reservation system.

5) Management quota system.

6) Government control of education/ Government Monopoly in education.





All the major Schools, Colleges and Universities in India follow the Old syllabus, which doesn’t fit into the current world scenario. Because of this old syllabus, Indian students are not able to secure a good place in the leading world-class organizations. To improve the /Schools/colleges in India, the university authorities and the government should focus more on the R &D of the syllabus of COURSE. The syllabus should talk about the current world and students should also focus on relevant case studies to improves School and colleges in India.


The current Indian education system doesn’t have a career-focused approach. The modern world has changed completely, and the lifestyle of modern people has also changed with time. The formal educational organizations should provide technical or vocational education at a basic level. Skill-focused education will help the students, who belong to the lower class.


Most of the parents in India are not educated enough, that is why they don’t encourage their children to get educated. it is very important to educate the parents in India so that they can encourage their child to get a better or good education in school or college.



Some Private or International schools and colleges are focusing on the smart classes and library. With the help of smart classes, the students can learn things in an interesting or easy way. If the government introduce e-library, the students can easily get access to good quality books (e-books). Online learning will also help the students to have easy access to world-class education and score good marks in the examination


The teachers should get regular training programs to improve their skills or upgrade them. The education authority should also consider the student’s feedback and reviews about their teachers. This will help the teacher to improve their teaching pattern or to provide good quality education to the students.


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September 3, 2019

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