Individual care is required for personal health, which is largely curvilinear in character. It’s episodic and sporadic. The patient is frequently the focus of attention, and a multidisciplinary approach is employed. Personal maintenance is frequently exclusive, and patient agreement is required. Similarly, doctors show greater priority and respect while carrying out maintenance.
A person can maintain his or her fitness by eating healthy foods, drinking clean water, maintaining personal and local hygiene, approving good lives and a healthy lifestyle, engaging in regular and tranquil physical activity, and so on.
Community care, on the other hand, is mostly focused on domestic issues and collection. It is ongoing and helpful. It is primarily defensive care and the necessity for the public contribution that is required. It is reasonable and produces long-term effects; nonetheless, it is frequently associated with lower appeal and lower repute. It is also given to uncultured-origin health workers.
Community health entails enhancing, preserving, and safeguarding the health of the entire community. Community health may be preserved through providing health education, maintaining good cleanliness and sanitary conditions through proper sewage disposal, providing healthcare services, and providing safe drinking water, among other things.
Personal Health and Community Health
The following is the distinction between personal health and communal health:
|Personal Health||Community Health|
|It is something that can be maintained by an individual and varies from person to person.||It can be maintained by social authorities through programmes such as immunisation, among other things.|
|It is associated with a certain person.||It refers to society’s overall health.|
‘Being Healthy’ and ‘Disease Free’
The following is the distinction between ‘Being Healthy’ and ‘Disease Free’:
|Being Healthy||Disease Free|
|It is defined as a condition of mental, bodily, and social well-being.||It might be defined as the lack of any bodily discomfort.|
|Even in the absence of sickness, a person might be unwell.||A person can be disease-free even if they are not in pain.|
|It is dependent on the individual and his or her environment’s discomfort.||It is entirely dependent on the individual.|
Congenital Diseases and Acquired Diseases
The following is the distinction between Congenital Diseases and Acquired Diseases:
|Congenital Diseases||Acquired Diseases|
|These illnesses are present from the moment a child is born.||A person contracts these disorders after birth.|
|These disorders are inheritable, meaning they may be passed down from generation to generation.||These disorders are not heritable, which means they do not transfer from generation to generation.|
|Caused by either genetic or environmental causes at the pre-birth (embryo) stage.||Infected persons or germs are at blame (or infectious agents).|
|Some examples include colour blindness, haemophilia, and sickle cell anaemia.||Some examples include tuberculosis, malaria, and scurvy.|
Allergy and Autoimmune Disease
The following is the distinction between Allergy or Autoimmune Diseases:
|It is a disorder in which the immune system reacts erratically to an innocuous antigen.||It is a sickness that occurs when the immune system fails to identify the body’s own molecules as self and assaults the cells as if they were foreign intruders.|
|Either mild or harsh. Although not life-threatening, care must be taken for the rest of one’s life.||Treatment throughout the rest of one’s life to reduce body harm.|
|Some symptoms include itchy eyes, sneezing, skin rashes, and a gluten allergy.||Diabetes and arthritis are two examples.|
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Justify the relationship between personal health and community health.
Man is a social creature who lives in a community. If we do not maintain personal hygiene, we may become ill and contract a disease. The sickness we have maybe contagious, making those in our vicinity vulnerable as well. As a result, we should maintain our personal health by keeping ourselves and our homes clean and eating a well-balanced diet. We will not be disease or infection carriers if we are healthy. As a result, it will not have a negative impact on community health. Personal health is thus linked to collective health.
Give two examples of how a person’s health might be affected by his surroundings.
The following two instances demonstrate how a person’s health may be affected by his surroundings:
- An unsanitary environment infected with disease-causing microorganisms has a negative impact on health; for example, water contaminated with Vibrio cholera causes cholera.
- Dirty environments, such as polluted air and water, can cause a variety of ailments, including lung infections, typhoid, and cholera.
Mention any two conditions that are crucial for optimal health.
‘Health’ is a state of being in good enough physical, mental, and social conditions to operate normally.
Two states are crucial for good health: –
- Healthy and Physically fit
- Happiness, social equality, and harmony, all of which are important for individual health, particularly social and mental health.
Mention any two conditions that are required to be disease-free.
The two conditions that must be met in order to be disease-free are as follows:
- A well-balanced diet is required for the body and its functions to work properly. Avoid exposed foods and drink filtered/boiled water.
- Maintaining cleanliness and personal hygiene.
What are the three aspects of health? Are they linked?
Three dimensions of health are as follows:
- Mental Dimension: Capable of judging his own talents and limitations, does not exaggerate or exaggerate things, and so forth.
- Social Dimension: Capable of adjusting to family members and society, devoid of interpersonal disputes, and so forth.
- Physical Dimension: The physical aspects of being healthy are defined by a person’s disease-free skin, glowing eyes, regular metabolism, and so on.
What do you mean by the ‘balanced diet’?
A balanced diet is one that provides the body with all of the necessary nutrients in the proper proportions. It ensures that your food has the proper balance of carbs, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and roughage.
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